3,015 research outputs found

    A Closer Look at the Elementary Fermions

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    Although there have been many experimental and theoretical efforts to measure and interpret small deviations from the standard model of particle physics, the gap that the model leaves in understanding why there are only three generations of elementary fermions, with hierarchical masses, has not received the attention it deserves. I present here an attempt to fill this gap. Although our findings are mostly only qualitative, they nevertheless may be of heuristic value. Rules concerning the elementary fermions, some previously known and some new, lead to a number of conclusions and questions that seem worth pursuing. Some clarify the standard model, and others suggest possible modifications, the implications of which are discussed.Comment: 8 page

    Gauge Invariance and the Pauli-Villars Regulator in Lorentz- and CPT-Violating Electrodynamics

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    We examine the nonperturbative structure of the radiatively induced Chern-Simons term in a Lorentz- and CPT-violating modification of QED. Although the coefficient of the induced Chern-Simons term is in general undetermined, the nonperturbative theory appears to generate a definite value. However, the CPT-even radiative corrections in this same formulation of the theory generally break gauge invariance. We show that gauge invariance may yet be preserved through the use of a Pauli-Villars regulator, and, contrary to earlier expectations, this regulator does not necessarily give rise to a vanishing Chern-Simons term. Instead, two possible values of the Chern-Simons coefficient are allowed, one zero and one nonzero. This formulation of the theory therefore allows the coefficient to vanish naturally, in agreement with experimental observations.Comment: 8 page

    Thermoelectric effects in quantum dots

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    We report a numerical renormalization-group study of the thermoelectric effect in the single-electron transistor (SET) and side-coupled geometries. As expected, the computed thermal conductance and thermopower curves show signatures of the Kondo effect and of Fano interference. The thermopower curves are also affected by particle-hole asymmetry.Comment: 8 pages with 3 figures; accepted for publication in Physica B (special issue 'Strongly Correlated Electron Systems-SCES2008'
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