148 research outputs found

    Exporting quality: is it the right strategy for the Italian manufacturing sector?

    Get PDF
    ABSTRACT: Recently, most European manufacturing firms have been engaged in a number of innovative activities to survive the growing competition coming from newly-industrialising countries. Italian manufacturing industry, which relies largely on SMEs, is struggling to regain competitiveness in global markets. In light of these stylised facts, we first investigate whether innovating activities and quality goods’ production enhance Italian SMEs’ probability to be exporter. Our findings suggest that both products’ quality and innovative activities affect considerably SMEs’ likelihood to export. Subsequently, using the Chow test, we find evidence for a structural break produced by quality, which results in substantial differences between high and low-quality firms. The former are more likely to export if they introduce product innovation, marketing innovation and/or organisational changes, the latter increase their chances of exporting when introducing process innovations and organisational changes.SMEs, exports, innovative activities, quality, probit

    Proximity and Innovation in Italian SMEs

    Get PDF
    Abstract: In this paper we assess the relevance of both knowledge creation and diffusion processes in affecting Italian SMEs’ propensity to innovate. In doing so a knowledge production function (KPF) is estimated for a representative sample of small and medium manufacturing firms over the period 1998-2003. To account for endogeneity of R&D effort in the KPF, we estimate a Heckman selection model on R&D decisions and obtain two main results. First, we do not find the probability of being engaged in intramural R&D activities to be significantly related to firm size. Second, for those firms engaged in R&D activities, the intensity of R&D effort increases with firm size. Then, the KPF is estimated for three different samples of firms using a standard probit where the probability that SMEs will innovate depends upon intramural R&D effort, regional and industrial spillovers and a vector of interaction and control variables. The main results obtained from this second set of regressions are the following: first, we find the probability to innovate to be positively related to sectoral spillovers, the magnitude of such impact being decreasing in firms’ size. Second, knowledge diffusion via geographical proximity enhances the probability of the recipient firm to innovate only if it has an appropriate endowment of human capital.Innovation, knowledge, spillovers, firm size

    Economic Growth and Finance. A cointegration analysis in US and Japan

    Get PDF
    This paper aims at investigating the relationship between financial and economic development for two countries: the US and Japan. A great deal of theoretical and empirical studies showed the existence of a close relation between the development of the financial sector and economic growth (Greenwood and Jovanovic, 1990, Bencivenga and Smith, 1991, King and Levine, 1993, Levine et al., 2000); nevertheless many concerns still remain: it is, for instance, unclear how the development of financial markets drives economic growth and, more relevant, whether it causes or is caused by economic growth. Moreover, previous empirical studies showed that time series and cross sectional approaches lead to different results. In this paper, the long-run relationship among finance and growth is investigated through the cointegration analysis (an estimation method developed over the last decade). The cointegration analysis can help to shed light on the aforementioned issues: it helps both to examine the interactions between the variables under consideration (real GDP per capita, private credit, investment share and inflation), taking into account the non stationarity of the data, and to capture the existence of potential cointegrating links between series (being explicit a priori about their form). With this regard, the aim of our analysis is twofold: 1) to investigate whether it is possible to find a stable relationship between financial development and real GDP per capita; 2) to investigate the possible channels of transmission from financial intermediation sector to economic growth.Economic growth, finance, cointegration analysis

    RIO Country Report 2017: Austria

    Get PDF
    The R&I Observatory country report 2017 provides a brief analysis of the R&I system covering the economic context, main actors, funding trends & human resources, policies to address R&I challenges, and R&I in national and regional smart specialisation strategies. Data is from Eurostat, unless otherwise referenced and is correct as at January 2018. Data used from other international sources is also correct to that date. The report provides a state-of-play and analysis of the national level R&I system and its challenges, to support the European Semester.JRC.B.7-Knowledge for Finance, Innovation and Growt

    Micro-financial System and Sustainable Development: are they compatible?

    Get PDF
    In recent years, millions of poor people worldwide have benefited from microfinance activities, such as microcredit, microsaving and microinsurance, making these financial services a key-tool for development of many developing countries. At the same time, the concept of sustainable development has taken on an increasing importance in the debate about economic growth and environment. The present study tries to explore the relationship between microfinance and sustainable development in developing areas focusing mainly on environmental sustainability. Our analysis seems to suggest the full compatibility between microfinance institutions and a sustainable development path at local level, on condition that these institutions implement policies aiming to make compatible the loans they provide with the environment and that they encourage the diffusion of environmental awareness across borrowers

    Innovation activities and Italian SMEs' exports decisions: a multi-treatment analysis

    Get PDF
    Abstract: This study aims at estimating the effect of innovation on export growth for a sample of Italian small and medium size manufacturing firms. We define two classes of innovation, namely technological and non-technological. For each class of innovation, we use a propensity score matching strategy to assess if innovating in period t – 1 led to an increase in firms’ probability of seeking for new exporting markets in period t + 1. Moreover, we assess the combined effect of both classes of innovation upon the probability of seeking for new markets. We found that both technological and non-technological innovations increases the probability that a firm will plan to look for new markets abroad, the former type of innovation being, on average, twice as relevant as the latter. Moreover, we found evidence that these are complementary activities, which are more effective on future exports decisions when combined

    Proximity and Innovation in Italian SMEs

    Get PDF
    Abstract: In this paper we assess the relevance of both knowledge creation and diffusion processes in affecting Italian SMEs’ propensity to innovate. In doing so a knowledge production function (KPF) is estimated for a representative sample of small and medium manufacturing firms over the period 1998-2003. To account for endogeneity of R&D effort in the KPF, we estimate a Heckman selection model on R&D decisions and obtain two main results. First, we do not find the probability of being engaged in intramural R&D activities to be significantly related to firm size. Second, for those firms engaged in R&D activities, the intensity of R&D effort increases with firm size. Then, the KPF is estimated for three different samples of firms using a standard probit where the probability that SMEs will innovate depends upon intramural R&D effort, regional and industrial spillovers and a vector of interaction and control variables. The main results obtained from this second set of regressions are the following: first, we find the probability to innovate to be positively related to sectoral spillovers, the magnitude of such impact being decreasing in firms’ size. Second, knowledge diffusion via geographical proximity enhances the probability of the recipient firm to innovate only if it has an appropriate endowment of human capital
    • 

    corecore