3,259 research outputs found

    Short-BaseLine Electron Neutrino Disappearance

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    We analyzed the electron neutrino data of the Gallium radioactive source experiments and the electron antineutrino data of the reactor Bugey and Chooz experiments in terms of neutrino oscillations. We found a hint of a CPT-violating asymmetry of the effective neutrino and antineutrino mixing angles.Comment: 3 pages, proceedings of NOW 2010, 4-11 September 2010, Conca Specchiulla (Otranto, Lecce, Italy

    The GSI Time Anomaly: Facts and Fiction

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    The claims that the GSI time anomaly is due to the mixing of neutrinos in the final state of the observed electron-capture processes are refuted. With the help of an analogy with a double-slit experiment, it is shown that the standard method of calculation of the rate of an interaction process by adding the rates of production of all the allowed final states, regardless of a possible coherence among them, is correct. It is a consequence of causality. It is shown that the GSI time anomaly may be caused by quantum beats due to the existence of two coherent energy levels of the decaying ion with an extremely small energy splitting (about 6√ó10‚ąí16eV6\times10^{-16} \text{eV}) and relative probabilities having a ratio of about 1/99.Comment: 3 pages; talk presented at NOW 2008, 6-13 September 2008, Conca Specchiulla, Ital

    Rates of Processes with Coherent Production of Different Particles and the GSI Time Anomaly

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    With the help of an analogy with a double-slit experiment, it is shown that the standard method of calculation of the rate of an interaction process by adding the rates of production of all the allowed final states, regardless of a possible coherence among them, is correct. It is a consequence of causality. The claims that the GSI time anomaly is due to the mixing of neutrinos in the final state of the electron-capture process are refuted. It is shown that the GSI time anomaly may be due to quantum beats due to the existence of two coherent energy levels of the decaying ion with an extremely small energy splitting (about 10^{-15} eV) and relative probabilities having a ratio of about 1/99.Comment: 7 page

    Energy and Momentum of Oscillating Neutrinos

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    It is shown that Lorentz invariance implies that in general flavor neutrinos in oscillation experiments are superpositions of massive neutrinos with different energies and different momenta. It is also shown that for each process in which neutrinos are produced there is either a Lorentz frame in which all massive neutrinos have the same energy or a Lorentz frame in which all massive neutrinos have the same momentum. In the case of neutrinos produced in two-body decay processes, there is a Lorentz frame in which all massive neutrinos have the same energy.Comment: 6 pages, no figure

    Four-Neutrino Scenarios

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    The main features of four-neutrino 3+1 and 2+2 mixing schemes are reviewed, after a discussion on the necessity of at least four massive neutrinos if the solar, atmospheric and LSND anomalies are due to neutrino oscillations. Complete list of references on four-neutrino mixing at http://www.to.infn.it/~giunti/neutrinoComment: 7 pages. Talk presented at NOW 2000, Conca Specchiulla (Otranto, Italy), 9-16 Sep. 200

    First Double-Chooz Results and the Reactor Antineutrino Anomaly

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    We investigate the possible effects of short-baseline antinu_e disappearance implied by the reactor antineutrino anomaly on the Double-Chooz determination of theta_{13} through the normalization of the initial antineutrino flux with the Bugey-4 measurement. We show that the effects are negligible and the value of theta_{13} obtained by the Double-Chooz collaboration is accurate only if Delta m^2_{41} is larger than about 3 eV^2. For smaller values of Delta m^2_{41} the short-baseline oscillations are not fully averaged at Bugey-4 and the uncertainties due to the reactor antineutrino anomaly can be of the same order of magnitude of the intrinsic Double-Chooz uncertainties.Comment: 4 page

    Double Beta Decay and the Absolute Neutrino Mass Scale

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    After a short review of the current status of three-neutrino mixing, the implications for the values of neutrino masses are discussed. The bounds on the absolute scale of neutrino masses from Tritium beta-decay and cosmological data are reviewed. Finally, we discuss the implications of three-neutrino mixing for neutrinoless double-beta decay.Comment: 6 pages, Proceedings of NuFact 03, 5th International Workshop on Neutrino Factories & Superbeams, 5-11 June 2003, Columbia University, New Yor

    Quantum Theory of Neutrino Oscillations for Pedestrians - Simple Answers to Confusing Questions

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    Why are different mass states coherent? What is the correct formula for the oscillation phase? How can textbook formulas for oscillations in time describe experiments which never measure time? How can we treat the different velocities and different transit times of different mass eigenstates and avoid incorrect factors of two? How can textbook forumulas which describe coherence between energy states be justified when Stodolsky's theorem states there is no coherence between different energies? Is covariant relativistic quantum field theory necessary to describe neutrino oscillations? How important is the detector, which is at rest in the laboratory and cannot be Lorentz tranformed to other frames? These questions are answered by a simple rigorous calculation which includes the quantum fluctuations in the position of the detector and in the transit time between source and detector. The commonly used standard formula for neutrino oscillation phases is confirmed. An "ideal" detector which measures precisely the energy and momentum of the neutrino destroys all phases in the initial wave packet and cannot observe oscillations. A realistic detector preserves the phase differences between neutrinos having the same energy and different momenta and confirms the standard formula. Whether phase differences between neutrinos with different energies are observable or destroyed by the detector is irrelevant.Comment: 10 pages, Introduction expanded to explain sources of confusion in detai
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