1,729 research outputs found

    Determination and Reduction of Large Diffeomorphisms

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    Within the Hamiltonian formulation of diffeomorphism invariant theories we address the problem of how to determine and how to reduce diffeomorphisms outside the identity component.Comment: 4 pages, Latex, macro espcrc2.sty. Contribution to the proceedings of the second conference on Constrained Dynamics and Quantum Gravity, Santa Margherita, Italy, 17-21 September 1996. To appear in Nucl. Phys. B Supp

    Group Averaging and Refined Algebraic Quantization

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    We review the framework of Refined Algebraic Quantization and the method of Group Averaging for quantizing systems with first-class constraints. Aspects and results concerning the generality, limitations, and uniqueness of these methods are discussed.Comment: 4 pages, LaTeX 2.09 using espcrc2.sty. To appear in the proceedings of the third "Meeting on Constrained Dynamics and Quantum Gravity", Nucl. Phys. B (Proc. Suppl.

    Two black hole initial data

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    Misner initial data are a standard example of time-symmetric initial data with two apparent horizons. Compact formulae describing such data are presented in the cases of equal or non-equal masses (i.e. isometric or non-isometric horizons). The interaction energy in the "Schwarzschild + test particle" limit of the Misner data is analyzed.Comment: 4 pages, RevTeX4, journal version, a reference added, minor correction

    The Canonical Approach to Quantum Gravity: General Ideas and Geometrodynamics

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    We give an introduction to the canonical formalism of Einstein's theory of general relativity. This then serves as the starting point for one approach to quantum gravity called quantum geometrodynamics. The main features and applications of this approach are briefly summarized.Comment: 21 pages, 6 figures. Contribution to E. Seiler and I.-O. Stamatescu (editors): `Approaches To Fundamental Physics -- An Assessment Of Current Theoretical Ideas' (Springer Verlag, to appear

    Existence of Spinorial States in Pure Loop Quantum Gravity

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    We demonstrate the existence of spinorial states in a theory of canonical quantum gravity without matter. This should be regarded as evidence towards the conjecture that bound states with particle properties appear in association with spatial regions of non-trivial topology. In asymptotically trivial general relativity the momentum constraint generates only a subgroup of the spatial diffeomorphisms. The remaining diffeomorphisms give rise to the mapping class group, which acts as a symmetry group on the phase space. This action induces a unitary representation on the loop state space of the Ashtekar formalism. Certain elements of the diffeomorphism group can be regarded as asymptotic rotations of space relative to its surroundings. We construct states that transform non-trivially under a 2ŌÄ2\pi-rotation: gravitational quantum states with fractional spin.Comment: 26 pages, 6 figures. Changes made to section 2 and Lemma

    An Analysis of the Representations of the Mapping Class Group of a Multi-Geon Three-Manifold

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    It is well known that the inequivalent unitary irreducible representations (UIR's) of the mapping class group GG of a 3-manifold give rise to ``theta sectors'' in theories of quantum gravity with fixed spatial topology. In this paper, we study several families of UIR's of GG and attempt to understand the physical implications of the resulting quantum sectors. The mapping class group of a three-manifold which is the connected sum of R3\R^3 with a finite number of identical irreducible primes is a semi-direct product group. Following Mackey's theory of induced representations, we provide an analysis of the structure of the general finite dimensional UIR of such a group. In the picture of quantized primes as particles (topological geons), this general group-theoretic analysis enables one to draw several interesting qualitative conclusions about the geons' behavior in different quantum sectors, without requiring an explicit knowledge of the UIR's corresponding to the individual primes.Comment: 52 pages, harvmac, 2 postscript figures, epsf required. Added an appendix proving the semi-direct product structure of the MCG, corrected an error in the characterization of the slide subgroup, reworded extensively. All our analysis and conclusions remain as befor

    On the origin of probability in quantum mechanics

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    I give a brief introduction to many worlds or "no wavefunction collapse" quantum mechanics, suitable for non-specialists. I then discuss the origin of probability in such formulations, distinguishing between objective and subjective notions of probability.Comment: 7 pages, 2 figures. This version to appear as a Brief Review in Modern Physics Letter

    Consistency of Semiclassical Gravity

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    We discuss some subtleties which arise in the semiclassical approximation to quantum gravity. We show that integrability conditions prevent the existence of Tomonaga-Schwinger time functions on the space of three-metrics but admit them on superspace. The concept of semiclassical time is carefully examined. We point out that central charges in the matter sector spoil the consistency of the semiclassical approximation unless the full quantum theory of gravity and matter is anomaly-free. We finally discuss consequences of these considerations for quantum field theory in flat spacetime, but with arbitrary foliations.Comment: 12 pages, LATEX, Report Freiburg THEP-94/2

    On Doppler tracking in cosmological spacetimes

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    We give a rigorous derivation of the general-relativistic formula for the two-way Doppler tracking of a spacecraft in Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker and in McVittie spacetimes. The leading order corrections of the so-determined acceleration to the Newtonian acceleration are due to special-relativistic effects and cosmological expansion. The latter, although linear in the Hubble constant, is negligible in typical applications within the Solar System.Comment: 10 pages, 1 figure. Journal versio
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