217 research outputs found

    Integral charge quasiparticles in a fractional quantum Hall liquid

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    Starting from a collective description of the incompressible fractional quantum Hall liquid as an elastic medium that supports gapped neutral excitations I show that the one-electron spectral function of this system exhibits a sharp peak at the lowest available excitation energy, well separated from the continuum spectrum at higher energy. I interpret this peak as the signature of the integral charge quasiparticle recently predicted by Peterson and Jain\cite{Jain05}, and calculate its spectral weight for different filling factors.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figure

    Spin dynamics from time-dependent spin density-functional theory

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    We derive the spin-wave dynamics of a magnetic material from the time-dependent spin density functional theory in the linear response regime. The equation of motion for the magnetization includes, besides the static spin stiffness, a "Berry curvature" correction and a damping term. A gradient expansion scheme based on the homogeneous spin-polarized electron gas is proposed for the latter two quantities, and the first few coefficients of the expansion are calculated to second order in the Coulomb interaction.Comment: 8 pages, no figure

    Spin Drag and Spin-Charge Separation in Cold Fermi Gases

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    Low-energy spin and charge excitations of one-dimensional interacting fermions are completely decoupled and propagate with different velocities. These modes however can decay due to several possible mechanisms. In this paper we expose a new facet of spin-charge separation: not only the speeds but also the damping rates of spin and charge excitations are different. While the propagation of long-wavelength charge excitations is essentially ballistic, spin propagation is intrinsically damped and diffusive. We suggest that cold Fermi gases trapped inside a tight atomic waveguide offer the opportunity to measure the spin-drag relaxation rate that controls the broadening of a spin packet.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures, submitte

    The intrinsic charge and spin conductivities of doped graphene in the Fermi-Liquid regime

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    The experimental availability of ultra-high-mobility samples of graphene opens the possibility to realize and study experimentally the "hydrodynamic" regime of the electron liquid. In this regime the rate of electron-electron collisions is extremely high and dominates over the electron-impurity and electron-phonon scattering rates, which are therefore neglected. The system is brought to a local quasi-equilibrium described by a set of smoothly varying (in space and time) functions, {\it i.e.} the density, the velocity field and the local temperature. In this paper we calculate the charge and spin conductivities of doped graphene due solely to electron-electron interactions. We show that, in spite of the linear low-energy band dispersion, graphene behaves in a wide range of temperatures as an effectively Galilean invariant system: the charge conductivity diverges in the limit T→0T \to 0, while the spin conductivity remains finite. These results pave the way to the description of charge transport in graphene in terms of Navier-Stokes equations.Comment: 19 pages, 7 figures. arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:1406.294

    Quantum Breathing Mode for Electrons with 1/r^2 Interaction

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    We discuss a collective "breathing" mode of electrons with inverse-square-law interactions in a two-dimensional quantum dot and a perpendicular magnetic field.Comment: 1 page, Revtex, submitted to "Comment" Section of Phys. Rev. Let
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