49 research outputs found

    Late time anisotropy as an imprint of cosmological backreaction

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    Backreaction effects of the large scale structure on the background dynamics have been claimed to lead to a renormalization of the background dynamics that may account for the late time acceleration of the cosmic expansion. This article emphasizes that generically the averaged flow is locally anisotropic, a property that can be related to observation. Focusing on perturbation theory, the spatially averaged shear, that characterizes the anisotropy of the flow, is computed. It is shown that this shear arising from backreaction differs from a homogeneous shear: its time evolution is different and its amplitude is completely determined by the cosmological parameters and the matter power spectrum. It ranges within (2-37)% at a redshift of order 0.5 so that the isotropy of the Hubble flow may allow to constrain the backreaction approach to dark energy.Comment: 14 pages, 7 figures. Typos corrected. Article published in Phys. Rev. D 86, 063528 (2012

    Comment on "Origin of cosmic magnetic fields"

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    We argue that the result presented in "Origin of cosmic magnetic fields" by L. Campanelli [arXiv:1304.6534] is unphysical.Comment: 1 page, 1 figure. Typos fixed, minor corrections, a comment added, version published in PR

    Observation angles, Fermi coordinates, and the Geodesic-Light-Cone gauge

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    We show that the angular directions locally measured by a static geodesic observer in a generic cosmological background and expressed in the system of Fermi Normal Coordinates always coincide with those expressed in the Geodesic-Light-Cone (GLC) gauge, up to a local transformation which exploits the residual gauge freedom of the GLC coordinates. This is not the case for other gauges - like, for instance, the synchronous and longitudinal gauge - commonly used in the context of observational cosmology. We also make an explicit proposal for the GLC gauge-fixing condition that ensures a full identification of its angles with the observational ones.Comment: 14 pages, version accepted for publication on JCA

    Cosmological evolution of the gravitational entropy of the large-scale structure

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    We consider the entropy associated with the large-scale structure of the Universe in the linear regime, where the Universe can be described by a perturbed Friedmann-Lema\^itre spacetime. In particular, we compare two different definitions proposed in the literature for the entropy using a spatial averaging prescription. For one definition, the entropy of the large-scale structure for a given comoving volume always grows with time, both for a CDM and a Λ\LambdaCDM model. In particular, while it diverges for a CDM model, it saturates to a constant value in the presence of a cosmological constant. The use of a light-cone averaging prescription in the context of the evaluation of the entropy is also discussed.Comment: 10 pages, 4 figures. Presentation improved, typos corrected, previous subsection III.B merged with subsection II.C, comments, clarifications and a reference added. Version accepted for publication in GR

    CMB-lensing beyond the leading order: temperature and polarization anisotropies

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    We investigate the weak lensing corrections to the CMB temperature and polarization anisotropies. We consider all the effects beyond the leading order: post-Born corrections, LSS corrections and, for the polarization anisotropies, the correction due to the rotation of the polarization direction between the emission at the source and the detection at the observer. We show that the full next-to-leading order correction to the B-mode polarization is not negligible on small scales and is dominated by the contribution from the rotation, this is a new effect not taken in account in previous works. Considering vanishing primordial gravitational waves, the B-mode correction due to rotation is comparable to cosmic variance for ℓ≳3500\ell \gtrsim 3500, in contrast to all other spectra where the corrections are always below that threshold for a single multipole. Moreover, the sum of all the effects is larger than cosmic variance at high multipoles, showing that higher-order lensing corrections to B-mode polarization are in principle detectable.Comment: 32 pages, 6 figures. New results about the signal-to-noise amplitude for next-to-leading order corrections, further clarifications about the polarization rotation and references added. Version accepted for publication in Physical Review