3 research outputs found

    The Evolving Dynamics of Global Economic Power in the Post-crisis World: Revelations from a New Index of Government Economic Power

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    This paper develops an index for measuring the economic power of governments viewed as entities in themselves. The basic idea is to encapsulate the economic representative power of a nation’s government in the international arena in as simple and parsimonious a manner as possible. For this a set of standard data series drawn from internationally accepted data sources is used. The index is composed of four variables: government revenues, foreign currency reserves, export of goods and services, and human capital. These variables broadly reflect aspects that contribute to a government’s economic clout, voice and negotiating leverage by capturing elements like its ability to raise resources, its creditworthiness and credibility in international financial markets, its influence on global economic activity and its potential in terms of human resources. The index values are tracked over 10 years (2000-2009) covering 100 economies. [4/2011]. URL:[http://finmin.nic.in/WorkingPaper/Index%20of%20Government%20Economic%20Power.pdf].Economic Power, Government, comparative index, cross-country, economic power, foreign currency reserves, global economic crisis, government, human capital, revenue, trade, Indian, South Africa, among the African nations, Tanzania, Angola, Nigeria, Brazil, transition economies, Soviet Union

    Palladium Nanoparticles on Graphite Oxide: A Recyclable Catalyst for the Synthesis of Biaryl Cores

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    The synthesis of life saving drug molecules in a cost-effective and environmentally benign pathway is of paramount significance. We present an environment friendly protocol to prepare core moieties of top selling drug molecules such as boscalid and telmisartan using Suzuki–Miyaura coupling conditions. In contrast to the traditional synthesis of these pharmaceutically important molecules, we have accomplished a graphite oxide (GO) supported palladium nanoparticles (PdNPs) based catalyst which quantitatively produced these core biaryl moieties of top selling drug molecules in a recyclable way. The catalytic activity remained unchanged even after 16 successive catalytic cycles without incorporating any palladium metal impurity in the pharmaceutically significant organic products. A detailed study including IR spectroscopy, solid state NMR spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and DFT calculation was employed to understand the role of solid support on the nondecaying recycling ability of the catalyst during the Suzuki–Miyaura coupling reaction. The study indicates a strong chemical interaction of the different functionalities present in the GO, with the palladium centers which is primarily responsible for such sustained catalytic activity during the consecutive Suzuki–Miyaura coupling cycles