89 research outputs found

    Anharmonic effects in magnetoelastic chains

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    We describe a new mechanism leading to the formation of rational magnetization plateau phases, which is mainly due to the anharmonic spin-phonon coupling. This anharmonicity produces plateaux in the magnetization curve at unexpected values of the magnetization without explicit magnetic frustration in the Hamiltonian and without an explicit breaking of the translational symmetry. These plateau phases are accompanied by magneto-elastic deformations which are not present in the harmonic case.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figure

    Classical Antiferromagnetism in Kinetically Frustrated Electronic Models

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    We study the infinite U Hubbard model with one hole doped away half-filling, in triangular and square lattices with frustrated hoppings that invalidate Nagaoka's theorem, by means of the density matrix renormalization group. We find that these kinetically frustrated models have antiferromagnetic ground states with classical local magnetization in the thermodynamic limit. We identify the mechanism of this kinetic antiferromagnetism with the release of the kinetic energy frustration as the hole moves in the established antiferromagnetic background. This release can occurs in two different ways: by a non-trivial spin-Berry phase acquired by the hole or by the effective vanishing of the hopping amplitude along the frustrating loops.Comment: 12 pages and 4 figures, with Supplementary Material. To be published in Phys. Rev. Let

    Spiral Magnets as Gapless Mott Insulators

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    In the large UU limit, the ground state of the half-filled, nearest-neighbor Hubbard model on the triangular lattice is the three-sublattice antiferromagnet. In sharp contrast with the square-lattice case, where transverse spin-waves and charge excitations remain decoupled to all orders in t/Ut/U, it is shown that beyond leading order in t/Ut/U the three Goldstone modes on the triangular lattice are a linear combination of spin and charge. This leads to non-vanishing conductivity at any finite frequency, even though the magnet remains insulating at zero frequency. More generally, non-collinear spin order should lead to such gapless insulating behavior.Comment: 10 pages, REVTEX 3.0, 3 uuencoded postscript figures, CRPS-94-0

    Anderson impurity in the one-dimensional Hubbard model on finite size systems

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    An Anderson impurity in a Hubbard model on chains with finite length is studied using the density-matrix renormalization group (DMRG) technique. In the first place, we analyzed how the reduction of electron density from half-filling to quarter-filling affects the Kondo resonance in the limit of Hubbard repulsion U=0. In general, a weak dependence with the electron density was found for the local density of states (LDOS) at the impurity except when the impurity, at half-filling, is close to a mixed valence regime. Next, in the central part of this paper, we studied the effects of finite Hubbard interaction on the chain at quarter-filling. Our main result is that this interaction drives the impurity into a more defined Kondo regime although accompanied in most cases by a reduction of the spectral weight of the impurity LDOS. Again, for the impurity in the mixed valence regime, we observed an interesting nonmonotonic behavior. We also concluded that the conductance, computed for a small finite bias applied to the leads, follows the behavior of the impurity LDOS, as in the case of non-interacting chains. Finally, we analyzed how the Hubbard interaction and the finite chain length affect the spin compensation cloud both at zero and at finite temperature, in this case using quantum Monte Carlo techniques.Comment: 9 pages, 9 figures, final version to be published in Phys. Rev.

    A test of the bosonic spinon theory for the triangular antiferromagnet spectrum

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    We compute the dynamical structure factor of the spin-1/2 triangular Heisenberg model using the mean field Schwinger boson theory. We find that a reconstructed dispersion, resulting from a non trivial redistribution of the spectral weight, agrees quite well with the spin excitation spectrum recently found with series expansions. In particular, we recover the strong renormalization with respect to linear spin wave theory along with the appearance of roton-like minima. Furthermore, near the roton-like minima the contribution of the two spinon continuum to the static structure factor is about 40 % of the total weight. By computing the density-density dynamical structure factor, we identify an unphysical weak signal of the spin excitation spectrum with the relaxation of the local constraint of the Schwinger bosons at the mean field level. Based on the accurate description obtained for the static and dynamic ground state properties, we argue that the bosonic spinon theory should be considered seriously as a valid alternative to interpret the physics of the triangular Heisenberg model.Comment: 6 pages, 5 figures, extended version including: a table with ground state energy and magnetization; and the density-density dynamical structure factor. Accepted for publication in Europhysics Letter

    Quantum dot with ferromagnetic leads: a density-matrix renormalization group study

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    A quantum dot coupled to ferromagnetically polarized one-dimensional leads is studied numerically using the density matrix renormalization group method. Several real space properties and the local density of states at the dot are computed. It is shown that this local density of states is suppressed by the parallel polarization of the leads. In this case we are able to estimate the length of the Kondo cloud, and to relate its behavior to that suppression. Another important result of our study is that the tunnel magnetoresistance as a function of the quantum dot on-site energy is minimum and negative at the symmetric point.Comment: 4 pages including 5 figures. To be published as a Brief Report in Phys. Rev.

    Excitations with fractional spin less than 1/2 in frustrated magnetoelastic chains

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    We study the magnetic excitations on top of the plateaux states recently discovered in spin-Peierls systems in a magnetic field. We show by means of extensive density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) computations and an analytic approach that one single spin-flip on top of M=12NM=1-\frac2N (N=3,4,...N=3,4,...) plateau decays into NN elementary excitations each carrying a fraction 1N\frac1N of the spin. This fractionalization goes beyond the well-known decay of one magnon into two spinons taking place on top of the M=0 plateau. Concentrating on the 13\frac13 plateau (N=3) we unravel the microscopic structure of the domain walls which carry fractional spin-13\frac13, both from theory and numerics. These excitations are shown to be noninteracting and should be observable in x-ray and nuclear magnetic resonance experiments.Comment: 6 pages, 5 figures. Accepted to be published in Phys. Rev.

    Incommensurate Phase of a Triangular Frustrated Heisenberg Model Studied via Schwinger-Boson Mean-Field Theory

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    We study a triangular frustrated antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model with nearest-neighbor interaction J1J_{1} and third-nearest-neighbor interactions J3J_{3} by means of Schwinger-boson mean-field theory. It is shown that an incommensurate phase exists in a finite region in the parameter space for an antiferromagnetic J3J_{3} while J1J_{1} can be either positive or negtaive. A detailed solution is presented to disclose the main features of this incommensurate phase. A gapless dispersion of quasiparticles leads to the intrinsic T2T^{2}-law of specific heat. The local magnetization is significantly reduced by quantum fluctuations (for S=1 case, a local magnetization is estimated as m=0.6223m= \approx0.6223). The magnetic susceptibility is linear in temperature at low temperatures. We address possible relevance of these results to the low-temperature properties of NiGa2_{2}S4_{4}. From a careful analysis of the incommensurate spin wave vector, the interaction parameters for NiGa2_{2}% S4_{4} are estimated as, J13.8755J_{1}\approx-3.8755K and J314.0628J_{3}\approx14.0628K, in order to account for the experimental data.Comment: 9pages, 3figure