189 research outputs found

    The jet/disk connection in blazars

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    The new high energy data coming mainly from the Fermi and Swift satellites and from the ground based Cerenkov telescopes are making possible to study not only the energetics of blazar jets, but also their connection to the associated accretion disks. Furthermore, the black hole mass of the most powerful objects can be constrained through IR-optical emission, originating in the accretion disks. For the first time, we can evaluate jet and accretion powers in units of the Eddington luminosity for a large number of blazars. Firsts results are intriguing. Blazar jets have powers comparable to, and often larger than the luminosity produced by their accretion disk. Blazar jets are produced at all accretion rates (in Eddington units), and their appearance depends if the accretion regime is radiatively efficient or not. The jet power is dominated by the bulk motion of matter, not by the Poynting flux, at least in the jet region where the bulk of the emission is produced, at ~1000 Schwarzschild radii. The mechanism at the origin of relativistic jets must be very efficient, possibly more than accretion, even if accretion must play a crucial role. Black hole masses for the most powerful jets at redshift ~3 exceed one billion solar masses, flagging the existence of a very large population of heavy black holes at these redshifts.Comment: 12 pages, 10 figures, invited contribution for the meeting: Plasmas in the Laboratory and in the Universe: interactions, patterns, and turbulence. Como, December 200

    Coherent curvature radiation and Fast Radio Bursts

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    Fast radio bursts are extragalactic radio transient events lasting a few milliseconds with a ~Jy flux at ~1 GHz. We propose that these properties suggest a neutron star progenitor, and focus on coherent curvature radiation as the radiation mechanism. We study for which sets of parameters the emission can fulfil the observational constraints. Even if the emission is coherent, we find that self-absorption can limit the produced luminosities at low radio frequencies and that an efficient re-acceleration process is needed to balance the dramatic energy losses of the emitting particles. Self-absorption limits the luminosities at low radio frequency, while coherence favours steep optically thin spectra. Furthermore, the magnetic geometry must have a high degree of order to obtain coherent curvature emission. Particles emit photons along their velocity vectors, thereby greatly reducing the inverse Compton mechanism. In this case we predict that fast radio bursts emit most of their luminosities in the radio band and have no strong counterpart in any other frequency bands.Comment: 8 pages, 3 figures, 1 table. Accepted for publication in A&