232 research outputs found

    Strings and branes in plane waves

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    An overview of string theory in the maximally supersymmetric plane-wave background is given, and some supersymmetric D-branes are discussed.Comment: 12 pages, LateX, needs fortschritte.sty; to appear in the proceedings of the 36th International Symposium Ahrenshoop on the Theory of Elementary Particles: Recent Developments in String/M-Theory and Field Theory, Berlin, Germany, 26-30 Aug 200

    Fusion of twisted representations

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    The comultiplication formula for fusion products of untwisted representations of the chiral algebra is generalised to include arbitrary twisted representations. We show that the formulae define a tensor product with suitable properties, and determine the analogue of Zhu's algebra for arbitrary twisted representations. As an example we study the fusion of representations of the Ramond sector of the N=1 and N=2 superconformal algebra. In the latter case, certain subtleties arise which we describe in detail.Comment: 24 pages, LATE

    Higher genus partition functions of meromorphic conformal field theories

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    It is shown that the higher genus vacuum amplitudes of a meromorphic conformal field theory determine the affine symmetry of the theory uniquely, and we give arguments that suggest that also the representation content with respect to this affine symmetry is specified, up to automorphisms of the finite Lie algebra. We illustrate our findings with the self-dual theories at c=16 and c=24; in particular, we give an elementary argument that shows that the vacuum amplitudes of the E_8\times E_8 theory and the Spin(32)/Z_2 theory differ at genus g=5. The fact that the discrepancy only arises at rather high genus is a consequence of the modular properties of higher genus amplitudes at small central charges. In fact, we show that for c\leq 24 the genus one partition function specifies already the partition functions up to g\leq 4 uniquely. Finally we explain how our results generalise to non-meromorphic conformal field theories.Comment: 43 pages, 7 figure

    The Continuous Orbifold of N=2 Minimal Model Holography

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    For the N=2 Kazama-Suzuki models that appear in the duality with a higher spin theory on AdS_3 it is shown that the large level limit can be interpreted as a continuous orbifold of 2N free bosons and fermions by the group U(N). In particular, we show that the subset of coset representations that correspond to the perturbative higher spin degrees of freedom are precisely described by the untwisted sector of this U(N) orbifold. We furthermore identify the twisted sector ground states of the orbifold with specific coset representations, and give various pieces of evidence in favour of this identification.Comment: 24 pages, v2: minor correction

    Axiomatic Conformal Field Theory

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    A new rigorous approach to conformal field theory is presented. The basic objects are families of complex-valued amplitudes, which define a meromorphic conformal field theory (or chiral algebra) and which lead naturally to the definition of topological vector spaces, between which vertex operators act as continuous operators. In fact, in order to develop the theory, M\"obius invariance rather than full conformal invariance is required but it is shown that every M\"obius theory can be extended to a conformal theory by the construction of a Virasoro field. In this approach, a representation of a conformal field theory is naturally defined in terms of a family of amplitudes with appropriate analytic properties. It is shown that these amplitudes can also be derived from a suitable collection of states in the meromorphic theory. Zhu's algebra then appears naturally as the algebra of conditions which states defining highest weight representations must satisfy. The relationship of the representations of Zhu's algebra to the classification of highest weight representations is explained.Comment: 51 pages, plain TE

    Higher Spins & Strings

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    It is natural to believe that the free symmetric product orbifold CFT is dual to the tensionless limit of string theory on AdS3 x S3 x T4. At this point in moduli space, string theory is expected to contain a Vasiliev higher spin theory as a subsector. We confirm this picture explicitly by showing that the large level limit of the N=4 cosets of arXiv:1305.4181, that are dual to a higher spin theory on AdS3, indeed describe a closed subsector of the symmetric product orbifold. Furthermore, we reorganise the full partition function of the symmetric product orbifold in terms of representations of the higher spin algebra (or rather its W∞W_{\infty} extension). In particular, the unbroken stringy symmetries of the tensionless limit are captured by a large chiral algebra which we can describe explicitly in terms of an infinite sum of W∞W_{\infty} representations, thereby exhibiting a vast extension of the conventional higher spin symmetry.Comment: 47 pages; ancillary file included; v2. typos corrected, minor changes in Sec.