100 research outputs found

### Spin polarized tunneling in ferromagnet/unconventional superconductor junctions

We study tunneling in ferromagnet/unconventional superconductor (F/S)
junctions. We include the effects of spin polarization, interfacial resistance,
and Fermi wavevector mismatch (FWM) between the F and S regions. Andreev
reflection (AR) at the F/S interface, governing tunneling at low bias voltage,
is strongly modified by these parameters. The conductance exhibits a very wide
variety of features as a function of applied voltage.Comment: Revision includes new figures with angular averages and correction of
minor error

### Angle dependence of Andreev scattering at semiconductor-superconductor interfaces

We study the angle dependence of the Andreev scattering at a
semiconductor-superconductor interface, generalizing the one-dimensional theory
of Blonder, Tinkham and Klapwijk. An increase of the momentum parallel to the
interface leads to suppression of the probability of Andreev reflection and
increase of the probability of normal reflection. We show that in the presence
of a Fermi velocity mismatch between the semiconductor and the superconductor
the angles of incidence and transmission are related according to the
well-known Snell's law in optics. As a consequence there is a critical angle of
incidence above which only normal reflection exists. For two and
three-dimensional interfaces a lower excess current compared to ballistic
transport with perpendicular incidence is found. Thus, the one-dimensional BTK
model overestimates the barrier strength for two and three-dimensional
interfaces.Comment: 8 pages including 3 figures (revised, 6 references added

### Theory of anomalous magnetic interference pattern in mesoscopic SNS Josephson junctions

The magnetic interference pattern in mesoscopic SNS Josephson junctions is
sensitive to the scattering in the normal part of the system. In this paper we
investigate it, generalizing Ishii's formula for current-phase dependence to
the case of normal scattering at NS boundaries in an SNS junction of finite
width. The resulting flattening of the first diffraction peak is consistent
with experimental data for S-2DEG-S mesoscopic junctions.Comment: 6 pages, 5 figures. Phys. Rev. B 68, 144514 (2003

### Theory of Andreev reflection in a junction with a strongly disordered semiconductor

We study the conduction of a {\sl N~-~Sm~-~S} junction, where {\sl Sm} is a
strongly disordered semiconductor. The differential conductance $dI/dV$ of this
{\sl N~-~Sm~-~S} structure is predicted to have a sharp peak at $V=0$. Unlike
the case of a weakly disordered system, this feature persists even in the
absence of an additional (Schottky) barrier on the boundary. The zero-bias
conductance of such a junction $G_{NS}$ is smaller only by a numerical factor
than the conductance in the normal state $G_N$. Implications for experiments on
gated heterostructures with superconducting leads are discussed.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figures, to appear in Rapid Communication section of Phys.
Rev.

### Andreev Reflections in Micrometer-Scale Normal-Insulator-Superconductor Tunnel Junctions

Understanding the subgap behavior of Normal-Insulator-Superconductor (NIS)
tunnel junctions is important in order to be able to accurately model the
thermal properties of the junctions. Hekking and Nazarov developed a theory in
which NIS subgap current in thin-film structures can be modeled by multiple
Andreev reflections. In their theory, the current due to Andreev reflections
depends on the junction area and the junction resistance area product. We have
measured the current due to Andreev reflections in NIS tunnel junctions for
various junction sizes and junction resistance area products and found that the
multiple reflection theory is in agreement with our data

### Magnetoconductance Oscillations in Ballistic Semiconductor-Superconductor Junctions

The mechanism of the magnetoconductance oscillations in junctions of a
ballistic semiconductor and a superconductor is discussed. The oscillations
appear when both the normal and the Andreev reflection occur at the interface.
The interplay between the classical cyclotron motion of a quasiparticle and the
phase shift caused by the magnetic field is the origin of the conductance
oscillations.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure

### Negative 4-Probe Conductances of Mesoscopic Superconducting Wires

We analyze the longitudinal 4-probe conductance of mesoscopic normal and
superconducting wires and predict that in the superconducting case, large
negative values can arise for both the weakly disordered and localized regimes.
This contrasts sharply with the behaviour of the longitudinal 4-probe
conductance of normal wires, which in the localized limit is always
exponentially small and positive.Comment: Latex, 3 figures available on request to [email protected]
(Simon Robinson

### Energy Gap from Tunneling and Metallic Sharvin Contacts onto MgB2: Evidence for a Weakened Surface Layer

Point-contact tunnel junctions using a Au tip on sintered MgB2 pellets reveal
a sharp superconducting energy gap that is confirmed by subsequent metallic
Sharvin contacts made on the same sample. The peak in the tunneling conductance
and the Sharvin contact conductance follow the BCS form, but the gap values of
4.3 meV are less than the weak-coupling BCS value of 5.9 meV for the bulk Tc of
39 K. The low value of Delta compared to the BCS value for the bulk Tc is
possibly due to chemical reactions at the surface.Comment: 3 pages, 3 figure

### Coherent effects in double-barrier Josephson junctions

The general solution for ballistic electronic transport through
double-barrier Josephson junctions is derived. We show the existence of a
regime of phase-coherent transport in which the supercurrent is proportional to
the single barrier transparency and the way in which this coherence is
destroyed for increasing interlayer thickness. The quasiparticle dc current at
arbitrary voltage is determined.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figures, submitted to Phys. Rev.

### Tunneling conductance in strained graphene-based superconductor: Effect of asymmetric Weyl-Dirac fermions

Based on the BTK theory, we investigate the tunneling conductance in a
uniaxially strained graphene-based normal metal (NG)/ barrier
(I)/superconductor (SG) junctions. In the present model, we assume that
depositing the conventional superconductor on the top of the uniaxially
strained graphene, normal graphene may turn to superconducting graphene with
the Cooper pairs formed by the asymmetric Weyl-Dirac electrons, the massless
fermions with direction-dependent velocity. The highly asymmetrical velocity,
vy/vx>>1, may be created by strain in the zigzag direction near the transition
point between gapless and gapped graphene. In the case of the highly
asymmetrical velocity, we find that the Andreev reflection strongly depends on
the direction and the current perpendicular to the direction of strain can flow
in the junction as if there was no barrier. Also, the current parallel to the
direction of strain anomalously oscillates as a function of the gate voltage
with very high frequency. Our predicted result is found as quite different from
the feature of the quasiparticle tunneling in the unstrained graphene-based
NG/I/SG conventional junction. This is because of the presence of the
direction-dependent-velocity quasiparticles in the highly strained graphene
system.Comment: 18 pages, 7 Figures; Eq.13 and 14 are correcte

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