18 research outputs found

    Enhancement of Entanglement Percolation in Quantum Networks via Lattice Transformations

    Full text link
    We study strategies for establishing long-distance entanglement in quantum networks. Specifically, we consider networks consisting of regular lattices of nodes, in which the nearest neighbors share a pure, but non-maximally entangled pair of qubits. We look for strategies that use local operations and classical communication. We compare the classical entanglement percolation protocol, in which every network connection is converted with a certain probability to a singlet, with protocols in which classical entanglement percolation is preceded by measurements designed to transform the lattice structure in a way that enhances entanglement percolation. We analyze five examples of such comparisons between protocols and point out certain rules and regularities in their performance as a function of degree of entanglement and choice of operations.Comment: 12 pages, 17 figures, revtex4. changes from v3: minor stylistic changes for journal reviewer, minor changes to figures for journal edito

    Interference of a Tonks-Girardeau Gas on a Ring

    Full text link
    We study the quantum dynamics of a one-dimensional gas of impenetrable bosons on a ring, and investigate the interference that results when an initially trapped gas localized on one side of the ring is released, split via an optical-dipole grating, and recombined on the other side of the ring. Large visibility interference fringes arise when the wavevector of the optical dipole grating is larger than the effective Fermi wavevector of the initial gas.Comment: 7 pages, 3 figure

    The low temperature CO/H coadsorption state on NiP{100}: X-ray absorption and photoemission studies

    No full text
    Angle-resolved photoemission and X-ray absorption spectroscopy have been used to re-examine the electronic structure and orientation of the low-temperature CO/H-coadsorption state observed on the N{100} surface. Although the C-O axis remains perpendicular to the surface, the photoemission spectrum is different from that of the pure Ni{100} system, showing some evidence for satellite structure. A comparison is made with CO on Cu{100}, a similar weak chemisorption system

    Effect of caffeine on adenosine-induced reversible perfusion defects assessed by automated analysis

    Get PDF
    Objectives This prospective study investigated the effects of caffeine ingestion on the extent of adenosine-induced perfusion abnormalities during myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). Methods Thirty patients with inducible perfusion abnormalities on standard (caffeine-abstinent) adenosine MPI underwent repeat testing with supplementary coffee intake. Baseline and test MPIs were assessed for stress percent defect, rest percent defect, and percent defect reversibility. Plasma levels of caffeine and metabolites were assessed on both occasions and correlated with MPI findings. Results Despite significant increases in caffeine [mean difference 3,106 μg/L (95% CI 2,460 to 3,752 μg/L; P < .001)] and metabolite concentrations over a wide range, there was no statistically significant change in stress percent defect and percent defect reversibility between the baseline and test scans. The increase in caffeine concentration between the baseline and the test phases did not affect percent defect reversibility (average change −0.003 for every 100 μg/L increase; 95% CI −0.17 to 0.16; P = .97). Conclusion There was no significant relationship between the extent of adenosine-induced coronary flow heterogeneity and the serum concentration of caffeine or its principal metabolites. Hence, the stringent requirements for prolonged abstinence from caffeine before adenosine MPI—based on limited studies—appear ill-founded