2,875 research outputs found

    On the observational properties of He-burning stars: some clues on the tilt of the HB in metal rich clusters

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    We investigate the predicted Color-Magnitude distribution of metal-rich Horizontal Branch (HB) stars, discussing selected theoretical models computed under various assumptions about the star metallicity and the efficiency of super-adiabatic convection. We find that canonical Zero Age Horizontal Branches with metallicity larger or of the order of Z=0.002 should be all affected by a tilt, by an amount which increases when the metallicity is increased and/or the mixing length is decreased, reaching a tilt of ΔV∌\Delta V \sim0.2 mag in the case of solar metallicity when a mixing length value α\alpha=1.6 is assumed (ΔV\Delta V is the magnitude difference between the top of the blue HB and the fainter magnitude reached by the red HB). Uncertainties in the luminosity of the red HB due to uncertainty in the mixing length value are discussed. We finally discuss the much larger tilt observed in the clusters NGC 6441 and NGC 6388, reporting additional evidence against suggested non-canonical evolutionary scenarios. Numerical experiments show that differential reddening could produce such sloped HBs. Further, HST-PC imaging of NGC 6441 gives clear indications about the occurrence of differential reddening across the cluster. However, the same imaging shows that the observed slope of the red HB {\em is not} an artifact of differential reddening. We finally show that sloping red HBs in metal rich clusters are a common occurrence not necessarily correlated with the appearance of extended blue HB.Comment: 14 pages, 9 figures, Accepted by Ap

    Predicted HST FOC and broad band colours for young and intermediate Simple Stellar Populations

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    This paper presents theoretical HST and broad band colours from population synthesis models based on an homogeneous set of stellar evolutionary tracks as computed under canonical (no overshooting) assumptions, covering the range of cluster ages from t=8 Myr to t=5 Gyr for three different metallicities (Z=0.02, 0.006, and 0.001). Statistical fluctuations in the cluster population have been investigated, assessing the predicted fluctuations of the various colours as a function of the cluster integrated absolute magnitude. We show that the red leak in HST UV filters deeply affects the predicted fluxes and colours. However, we find that for F152M-F307M < 0.5 and for F170M-F278M < 0.5 (which means ages lower than 1 Gyr) the HST UV colours can still be used to infer reliable indications on the age of distant clusters. Moreover, one finds that the age calibration of these colours is scarcely affected by the amount of original helium or by the assumed IMF. On this basis, we present a calibration of the HST UV two-colours (F152M-F307M vs F170M-F278M) in terms of cluster ages for the three above quoted metallicities. We suggest the combined use of HST UV colours and IR colours (V-K in particular) to disentangle the metallicity-age effect in integrated colours of young stellar populations (t< 1 Gyr).Comment: Latex 18 pages, 16 encapsulated figures, 6 tables, A&ASS accepte

    Synthetic Stellar Clusters for Pop III

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    We present preliminary results of an incoming theoretical work concerning the integrated properties of the Population III clusters of stars. On the basis of synthetic Color-Magnitude Diagrams, we provide a grid of optical and near-IR colors of Simple Stellar Populations with very low metallicity (Z=10−10^{-10} and Z=10−6^{-6}) and age which spans from 10 Myr to 15 Gyr. A comparison with higher metallicities up to 0.006 is also shown, disclosing sizable differences in the CMD morphology, integrated colors and Spectral Energy Distribution (SED).Comment: 2 pages, incl. 2 figures, "The First Stars", Proceedings of the second MPA/ESO workshop, Eds.: Weiss, Abel, Hill, Springer, Heidelberg, 200

    On the impact of Helium abundance on the Cepheid Period-Luminosity and Wesenheit relations and the Distance Ladder

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    This work analyses the effect of the Helium content on synthetic Period-Luminosity Relations (PLRs) and Period-Wesenheit Relations (PWRs) of Cepheids and the systematic uncertainties on the derived distances that a hidden population of He-enhanced Cepheids may generate. We use new stellar and pulsation models to build a homogeneous and consistent framework to derive the Cepheid features. The Cepheid populations expected in synthetic color-magnitude diagrams of young stellar systems (from 20 Myr to 250 Myr) are computed in several photometric bands for Y = 0.25 and Y = 0.35, at a fixed metallicity (Z = 0.008). The PLRs appear to be very similar in the two cases, with negligible effects (few %) on distances, while PWRs differ somewhat, with systematic uncertainties in deriving distances as high as about 7% at log P < 1.5. Statistical effects due to the number of variables used to determine the relations contribute to a distance systematic error of the order of few percent, with values decreasing from optical to near-infrared bands. The empirical PWRs derived from multi-wavelength datasets for the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) is in a very good agreement with our theoretical PWRs obtained with a standard He content, supporting the evidence that LMC Cepheids do not show any He effect

    Surface Brightness Fluctuations: a theoretical point of view

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    We present new theoretical evaluations of optical and near-IR Surface Brightness Fluctuations (SBF) magnitudes for single-burst stellar populations in the age range t=5-15 Gyr and metallicity from Z_{\sun}/200 to 2Z_{\sun}. Our theoretical predictions can be successfully used to derive reliable distance evaluations. They also appear to be a new and valuable tool to trace the properties of unresolved stellar populations.Comment: 2 pages, incl. 1 figure, uses newpasp.sty, to be published in ``New Horizons in Globular Cluster Astronomy'', ASP Conference Series, 2002; Eds.: G. Piotto, G. Meylan, G. Djorgowski and M. Riello, in pres

    Multipopulation aftereffects on the color-magnitude diagram and Cepheid variables of young stellar systems

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    Context: The evidence of a multipopulation scenario in Galactic globular clusters raises several questions about the formation and evolution of the two (or more) generations of stars. These populations show differences in their age and chemical composition. These differences are found in old- and intermediate- age stellar clusters in the Local Group. The observations of young stellar systems are expected to present footprints of multiple stellar populations. Aims: This theoretical work intends to be a specific step in exploring the space of the observational indicators of multipopulations, without covering all the combinations of parameters that may contribute to the formation of multiple generations of stars in a cluster or in galaxy. The goal is to shed light on the possible observational features expected by core He-burning stars that belong to two stellar populations with different original He content and ages. Methods: The tool adopted was the stellar population synthesis. We used new stellar and pulsation models to construct a homogeneous and consistent framework. Synthetic color-magnitude diagrams (CMDs) of young- and intermediate-age stellar systems (from 20 Myr up to 1 Gyr) were computed in several photometric bands to derive possible indicators of double populations both in the observed CMDs and in the pulsation properties of the Cepheids. Results: We predict that the morphology of the red/blue clump in VIK bands can be used to photometrically indicate the two stellar populations in a rich assembly of stars if there is a significant difference in their original He content. Moreover, the period distribution of the Cepheids appears to be widely affected by the coeval multiple generations of stars within stellar systems. We show that the Wesenheit relations may be affected by the helium content of the Cepheids.Comment: in press on A&
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