643 research outputs found

    Three-Body Interactions in Many-Body Effective Field Theory

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    This contribution is an advertisement for applying effective field theory (EFT) to many-body problems, including nuclei and cold atomic gases. Examples involving three-body interactions are used to illustrate how EFT's quantify and systematically eliminate model dependence, and how they make many-body calculations simpler and more powerful.Comment: 5 pp, 9 figs, invited parallel talk at 17th International IUPAP Conference on Few-Body Problems in Physics, June 5-10, 2003, Durham, North Carolina, US

    Effective Field Theory for Bulk Properties of Nuclei

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    Recent progress in Lorentz-covariant quantum field theories of the nuclear many-body problem ({\em quantum hadrodynamics}, or QHD) is discussed. The importance of modern perspectives in effective field theory and density functional theory for understanding the successes of QHD is emphasized. The inclusion of hadronic electromagnetic structure and of nonanalytic terms in the energy functional is also considered.Comment: 11 pages, 0 figures, REVTeX 3.0; Invited talk at the 11th Conference on Recent Progress in Many-Body Theories (MB 11), Manchester, UK, July 9--13, 200

    The effect of surface and Coulomb interaction on the liquid-gas phase transition of finite nuclei

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    By means of the Furnstahl, Serot and Tang's model, the effects of surface tension and Coulomb interaction on the liquid-gas phase transition for finite nuclei are investigated. A limit pressure p-lim above which the liquid-gas phase transition cannot take place has been found. It is found that comparing to the Coulomb interaction, the contribution of surface tension is dominate in low temperature regions. The binodal surface is also addressed.Comment: LaTex, 8 pages with 6 fig

    Building Atomic Nuclei with the Dirac Equation

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    The relevance of the Dirac equation for computations of nuclear structure is motivated and discussed. Quantitatively successful results for medium- and heavy-mass nuclei are described, and modern ideas of effective field theory and density functional theory are used to justify them.Comment: 9 pages, REVTeX 4.0 with 12pt.rtx, aps.rtx, amssymb.tex, bm.sty, ntgdefs.tex. Contribution to the Dirac Centennial Symposium (FSU, 12/6-7/02

    Relativistic nuclear model with point-couplings constrained by QCD and chiral symmetry

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    We derive a microscopic relativistic point-coupling model of nuclear many-body dynamics constrained by in-medium QCD sum rules and chiral symmetry. The effective Lagrangian is characterized by density dependent coupling strengths, determined by chiral one- and two-pion exchange and by QCD sum rule constraints for the large isoscalar nucleon self-energies that arise through changes of the quark condensate and the quark density at finite baryon density. This approach is tested in the analysis of the equations of state for symmetric and asymmetric nuclear matter, and of bulk and single-nucleon properties of finite nuclei. In comparison with purely phenomenological mean-field approaches, the built-in QCD constraints and the explicit treatment of pion exchange restrict the freedom in adjusting parameters and functional forms of density dependent couplings. It is shown that chiral (two-pion exchange) fluctuations play a prominent role for nuclear binding and saturation, whereas strong scalar and vector fields of about equal magnitude and opposite sign, induced by changes of the QCD vacuum in the presence of baryonic matter, generate the large effective spin-orbit potential in finite nuclei.Comment: 46 pages, 12 figures, uses elsart.cls, revised version, to appear in Nucl.Phys. A735 (2004) 449-48

    Loop Corrections and Naturalness in a Chiral Effective Field Theory

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    The loop expansion is applied to a chiral effective hadronic lagrangian; with the techniques of Infrared Regularization, it is possible to separate out the short-range contributions and to write them as local products of fields that are already present in our lagrangian. (The appropriate field variables must be re-defined at each order in loops.) The corresponding parameters implicitly include short-range effects to all orders in the interaction, so these effects need not be calculated explicitly. The remaining (long-range) contributions that must be calculated are nonlocal and resemble those in conventional nuclear-structure calculations. Nonlinear isoscalar scalar (σ)(\sigma) and vector (ω)(\omega) meson interactions are included, which incorporate many-nucleon forces and nucleon substructure. Calculations are carried out at the two-loop level to illustrate these techniques at finite nuclear densities and to verify that the coupling parameters remain natural when fitted to the empirical properties of equilibrium nuclear matter. Contributions from the ωN\omega N tensor coupling are also discussed.Comment: 22 pages, 6 figure
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