802 research outputs found

    Energy-Storage Balanced Reduction of Port-Hamiltonian Systems

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    Supported by the framework of dissipativity theory, a procedure based on physical energy to balance and reduce port-Hamiltonian systems with collocated inputs and outputs is presented. Additionally, some relations with the methods of nonlinear balanced reduction are exposed. Finally a structure-preserving reduction method based on singular perturbations is shown.

    Realization of the Lepton Flavor Structure from Point Interactions

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    We investigate a 5d gauge theory on S1S^1 with point interactions. The point interactions describe extra boundary conditions and provide three generations, the charged lepton mass hierarchy, the lepton flavor mixing and tiny degenerated neutrino masses after choosing suitable boundary conditions and parameters. The existence of the restriction in the flavor mixing, which appears from the configuration of the extra dimension, is one of the features of this model. Tiny Yukawa couplings for the neutrinos also appears without the see-saw mechanism nor symmetries in our model. The magnitude of CP violation in the leptons can be a prediction and is consistent with the current experimental data.Comment: 9 pages, 3 figures, 3rd International Conference on New Frontiers in Physic

    Realization of lepton masses and mixing angles from point interactions in an extra dimension

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    We investigate a model on an extra dimension S1S^1 where plenty of effective boundary points described by point interactions (zero-thickness branes) are arranged. After suitably selecting the conditions on these points for each type of five-dimensional fields, we realize the tiny active neutrino masses, the charged lepton mass hierarchy, and lepton mixings with a CP-violating phase, simultaneously. Not only the quark's but also the lepton's configurations are generated in a unified way with acceptable accuracy, with neither the see-saw mechanism nor symmetries in Yukawa couplings, by suitably setting the model parameters, even though their flavor structures are dissimilar each other. One remarkable point is that a complex vacuum expectation value of the five-dimensional Higgs doublet in this model becomes the common origin of the CP violation in both quark and lepton sectors. The model can be consistent with the results of the precision electroweak measurements and Large Hadron Collider experiments.Comment: 29 pages, 7 figures (v1); 28 pages, 7 figures in JHEP style file, published version in JHEP, a subsection added, typo fixed (v2

    6d Dirac fermion on a rectangle; scrutinizing boundary conditions, mode functions and spectrum

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    We classify possible boundary conditions of a 6d Dirac fermion Ψ\Psi on a rectangle under the requirement that the 4d Lorentz structure is maintained, and derive the profiles and spectrum of the zero modes and nonzero KK modes under the two specific boundary conditions, (i) 4d-chirality positive components being zero at the boundaries and (ii) 2d-chirality positive components being zero at the boundaries. In the case of (i), twofold degenerated chiral zero modes appear which are localized towards specific directions of the rectangle pointed by an angle parameter θ\theta. This leads to an implication for a new direction of pursuing the origin of three generations in the matter fields of the standard model, even though triple-degenerated zero modes are not realized in the six dimensions. The emergence of the angle parameter θ\theta originates from a rotational symmetry in the degenerated chiral zero modes on the rectangle extra dimensions since they do not feel the boundaries. In the case of (ii), this rotational symmetry is promoted to the two-dimensional conformal symmetry though no chiral massless zero mode appears. We also discuss the correspondence between our model on a rectangle and orbifold models in some details.Comment: 26 pages, 2 tables (v1); 39 pages, 3 tables, accepted to Nuclear Physics B (v2
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