408 research outputs found

    Entre a ‚Äúfala que narra‚ÄĚ e a ‚Äúfala que demonstra‚ÄĚ: Iniciativas em Arquivos de Hist√≥ria Oral e o seu valor na constru√ß√£o das mem√≥rias e das identidades sociais

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    Societies that are historically dated experience their collective memories either guided by myths or led by reason. The text fixes and retains the words on a medium and imposes communication patterns that are different from the ones in the oral universe. In the process of constructing the different social identities, power relations are the product of the differences between the "included" ones and the "excluded" ones. This study is based on these theoretical assumptions. The approach is qualitative, with exploratory and descriptive characteristics. It uses bibliographical and documentary sources. It characterizes five initiatives that typify research cases of constitution of Oral History Archives, focusing on organization, representation, and access to information. The main results point to: i) the use of similar organization and information representation strategies, although at different levels of conformity; ii) the respect for the rules imposed by the right of ac-cess to the contents. The construction and preservation of the collective memory and the valorization of the use of Oral History serve as a justification for the existence of these initiatives. Due to its characteristics, this study is limited to a restricted set of cases, suggesting a future extension and the deepening of the analyzes

    Nota de Apresentação

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    Entre a ‚Äúfala que narra‚ÄĚ e a ‚Äúfala que demonstra‚ÄĚ: Iniciativas em Arquivos de Hist√≥ria Oral e o seu valor na constru√ß√£o das mem√≥rias e das identidades sociais

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    Societies that are historically dated experience their collective memories either guided by myths or led by reason. The text fixes and retains the words on a medium and imposes communication patterns that are different from the ones in the oral universe. In the process of constructing the different social identities, power relations are the product of the differences between the "included" ones and the "excluded" ones. This study is based on these theoretical assumptions. The approach is qualitative, with exploratory and descriptive characteristics. It uses bibliographical and documentary sources. It characterizes five initiatives that typify research cases of constitution of Oral History Archives, focusing on organization, representation, and access to information. The main results point to: i) the use of similar organization and information representation strategies, although at different levels of conformity; ii) the respect for the rules imposed by the right of ac-cess to the contents. The construction and preservation of the collective memory and the valorization of the use of Oral History serve as a justification for the existence of these initiatives. Due to its characteristics, this study is limited to a restricted set of cases, suggesting a future extension and the deepening of the analyzes

    Busines archives in Portugal: from the traditional to the cloud computing

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    As empresas t√™m o dever de salvaguardar os documentos e de gerir a mem√≥ria organizacional. O desempenho desse papel depende do grau de sensibilidade e de registro de atividades. Neste estudo, refletimos sobre iniciativas internacionais de preserva√ß√£o dos arquivos de empresa, incidindo no caso portugu√™s, e finalizamos com tend√™ncias no uso das tecnologias nestas organiza√ß√Ķes. Nesse intento, realizamos uma revis√£o bibliogr√°fica de textos cient√≠ficos e consultamos uma dezena de diplomas contrastando os dados obtidos. Os resultados e as conclus√Ķes revelam uma tend√™ncia para a replica√ß√£o de modelos e o car√°ter precoce, interm√©dio ou tardio das iniciativas internacionais, desencadeadas pelas empresas ou por parcerias com institui√ß√Ķes p√ļblicas, destacando-se arquivos e universidades. Primeiramente, o foco esteve na prote√ß√£o e na valoriza√ß√£o do patrim√≥nio, acrescentando-se, mais recentemente, objetivos tais como a organiza√ß√£o e o acesso √† informa√ß√£o. As iniciativas nacionais n√£o fogem √† regra, notando-se alguma novidade na quantidade e na qualidade das mat√©rias legisladas, sem incid√™ncias, nos diplomas, em medidas concretas de preserva√ß√£o da informa√ß√£o digital. No uso das tecnologias, as iniciativas de moderniza√ß√£o associam-se √† Administra√ß√£o P√ļblica e √† assimila√ß√£o de processos derivados dos ambientes eletr√īnicos. A compara√ß√£o com outros pa√≠ses europeus revela um uso pouco intensivo dos servi√ßos na nuvem

    Below the Nation State: Power Asymmetry and Jurisdictional Boundaries around the Archives of Madeira Archipelago

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    The main purpose of this chapter is to describe a case study developed in a sub-national context between the Autonomous Region of Madeira and the National Archive ‚ÄėTorre do Tombo‚Äô (ANTT). Our analysis will focus theoretically on the etiologies of dispossession and empirically on a case study. Thus, the main questions that will lead this case study are: ‚ÄėWhy were the Madeiran fonds taken in the past to or by ANTT?‚Äô and ‚ÄėHow were these Madeiran fonds represented in finding aids provided by ANTT and the RAM?‚Äô. Finally, based on nissological critiques,13 we will define and contextualise the notion of sub-national displaced archives as an underresearched subset of disputed archival claims, in order to reveal some particular aspects of this phenomenon.info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersio

    Information representation in Displaced Archives: a meta-synthesis

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    The phenomenon of displaced archives emerges in the scientific literature as a kind of wicked problem. In addition to the conceptual diversity associated with this phenomenon present in the scientific literature from various fields (e.g., removed archives, migrated archives, seized archives, alienated archives, captured archives, diasporic archives, expatriated/repatriated archives, estray archival, disputed archival claims, replevin, etc.), there is a tendency in the scientific community to adopt the concept of displaced archives as a possible hypernym. The most recent definition of displaced archive is found in the report issued by the International Council on Archives through the Expert Group on Shared Archival Heritage, understood as "archives removed from the place of their creation, where the ownership of the archives is disputed by two or more parties" (Lowry 2020, 5). Nevertheless, one of the problems that makes this phenomenon a particular case is whether we can identify archives that are in the condition of displaced without there necessarily having to be claimant party(ies) for that purpose. Although the most recurrent focus in addressing this phenomenon has been around the problems of restitution, repatriation, return or relocation, the identification and, more incisively, the representation of these documentary sets have remained obscured in scientific discourse. According to Winn (2015), one of the limiting factors in the identification of displaced archives consists, among others, in the inexistence of information access tools. For Lowry, "the catalogue is the key" (2017a, 8), not only as an instrument of access to information where the processes of organization and description are materialized with a view to its retrieval and access, but also as a mechanism of information representation that derives from the powers of archival mediation. Studies on information representation suggest that, in the postmodern archival stream, it is not possible to ensure neutrality or impartiality in the representation of the content and structure of a fonds (MacNeil 2012) in finding aids. Such archival descriptions are supported by interpretative approaches that depend on the description and access policies adopted by custodians, which are not unrelated to the political, historical, socio-cultural, and institutional contexts of the environment where they were produced. Considering that the finding aids can be genologically diverse (e.g., catalogues, inventories, guides, scripts, directories, indexes and databases), it is considered more productive to focus on the representation of archival information, from the perspective of how a "fluid, evolving, and socially constructed practice" (Yakel 2003, 2) is constituted as "the core of archival description produced to facilitate access to archival materials in the background of their creation and custodial history" (Zhang 2012, 49). Considering that some of the studies on archival information representation have been problematized with greater incidence, although incipient, in Knowledge Organization and Information Science (Barros and Sousa 2020; Aguiar and Kobashi 2013; Tognoli 2013; Vital, Medeiros, and Brascher 2017; Corujo and Freitas 2021; Tognoli and Guimar√£es 2011; 2012; Troiti√Īo Rodriguez 2018; Hj√łrland 2002), these studies have largely confined themselves to material and technical processes, physical (u. g., arrangement) and intellectual (u. g., classification and description), of concepts that conform to the bureaucratic dimension of the producers and/or custodial entities. In what concerns the displaced archives, the phenomenon itself challenges the core concepts of Archival Science, especially how these disputed documentary sets are represented from the point of view of provenance, integrity, organicity and how these representations are (re)constructed or destroyed in the process of archival mediation. Based on these aspects, and given the scarcity of studies on this topic, this article focuses on how the representation of information about archives removed from their original social and territorial contexts has been addressed in the scientific literature. Thus, we intend to conduct a survey of scientific literature that informs about the trajectory of the information representation process from the removal process to the claim by the dispossessed communities that can be theoretically relevant to the scope of Knowledge Organization. Thus, based on the above, it justifies performing a synthesis of knowledge from scientific literature called meta-synthesis (Sandelowski and Barroso 2010; Grant and Booth 2009; Finfgeld-Connett 2018). Thus, this article is structured as follows: section 2.0 formulates the starting question and research objectives; section 3.0 outlines the methodological assumptions for this type of qualitative literature synthesis; section 4.0 presents the results of the empirical investigation; section 5.0 makes concluding remarks around limitations and implications, as well as future lines of research.info:eu-repo/semantics/submittedVersio

    Da organização à descoberta do conhecimento: novos caminhos para a recuperação da informação

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    Partindo de uma abordagem introdut√≥ria da Organiza√ß√£o do Conhecimento, identificam-se alguns dos aspectos essenciais relacionados com as origens e a evolu√ß√£o do campo cient√≠fico, a partir de finais do s√©culo XIX at√© in√≠cio do s√©culo XXI, salientando-se algumas das principais abordagens, dos estudos pr√©vios e das tend√™ncias das pesquisas nessas mat√©rias. Tendo por base esta abordagem, segue-se a apresenta√ß√£o de recentes tend√™ncias de sistemas de descoberta do conhecimento em ambientes digitais, os quais desafiam os profissionais na antecipa√ß√£o da oferta de informa√ß√Ķes qualitativas e conexas √†s necessidades contextuais dos usu√°rios da informa√ß√£o. Neste √Ęmbito, ser√£o apresentados os conceitos de converg√™ncia e dist√Ęncia sem√Ęntica e sistemas de descoberta do conhecimento e suas implica√ß√Ķes nos processos de organiza√ß√£o da informa√ß√£o em contexto.Starting from an introductory approach to knowledge organization, some of the main aspects related to its origins and the evolution of the scientific field, from the end of the 19th century until the beginning of the 21st century, as well as some of the main approaches, studies and research trends in this area, are identified. Based on this approach, we present the recent trends of knowledge discovery systems in digital environments, which challenge professionals in anticipating the supply of qualitative information and related to the contextual needs of information users. In this context we will present the concepts of convergence and semantic distance and knowledge discovery systems as well as their implications in the processes of information organization in context

    Entre os seres e os saberes: a identidade ontológica das taxonomias: ciência, método ou produto?

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    Desde os finais do s√©culo XIX, a no√ß√£o de taxonomia encontra-se associada √† Biblioteconomia e √† Documenta√ß√£o, bem como √† Ci√™ncia da Informa√ß√£o, particularmente no √Ęmbito da organiza√ß√£o e da recupera√ß√£o da informa√ß√£o e do conhecimento. Com base na sua identidade ontol√≥gica, nos seus princ√≠pios te√≥rico-metodol√≥gicos e na sua aplica√ß√£o nos ambientes informacionais tradicionais e digitais, pretende-se contribuir para uma reflex√£o cr√≠tica sobre este conceito, salientando-se a sua estrutura, objetivos e aplica√ß√£o, circunscritos a um dado campo epistemol√≥gico. Partindo de uma abordagem explorat√≥ria, procede-se a um levantamento bibliogr√°fico, culminado na an√°lise comparada e na sistematiza√ß√£o de dados referentes aos seus fundamentos filos√≥ficos, princ√≠pios, evolu√ß√£o conceitual e aplica√ß√£o, nos referidos ambientes. Dos textos consultados infere-se que, na contemporaneidade, apesar dos distintos objetivos e contextos de uso, as taxonomias continuam a ser um instrumento imprescind√≠vel na estrutura√ß√£o do conhecimento, baseando-se na rela√ß√£o hier√°rquica g√™nero-esp√©cie e, dependendo do ambiente, no princ√≠pio dicot√īmico e/ou policot√īmico de divis√£o das classes. Os v√°rios autores consultados consideram-nas um vocabul√°rio controlado e hier√°rquico usado para classificar a informa√ß√£o. As metamorfoses conceituais e formais identificadas na sua linha evolutiva indiciam a sua capacidade de adapta√ß√£o a variados contextos, sendo assinal√°vel o seu emprego como ferramenta ontol√≥gica na organiza√ß√£o do conhecimento no meio digital, onde, conclui-se, s√£o √ļteis no controle da informa√ß√£o, especialmente ao n√≠vel terminol√≥gico, contribuindo para reduzir o impacto de fen√īmenos tais como satura√ß√£o e desestrutura√ß√£o, incrementando assim a recupera√ß√£o. Recomenda-se o seu uso individual ou combinado, nesses contextos, bem como o incremento das investiga√ß√Ķes sobre o assunto

    Pref√°cio

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    Andr√© Pacheco prop√Ķe um modelo de metadados (com uma estrutura de dados) para a autenticidade, ou seja, focaliza-se na concetualiza√ß√£o da representa√ß√£o da informa√ß√£o, precedida pela pr√≥pria an√°lise e discuss√£o dos requisitos cient√≠ficos e t√©cnicos suportados numa revis√£o da literatura internacional. O conjunto de metadados a que chega √© pass√≠vel de ser integrado, na totalidade ou parcialmente, em normas t√©cnicas. O modelo imp√Ķe-se como necess√°rio para a garantia da autenticidade da informa√ß√£o, registada ou n√£o em suporte. Consequentemente, tamb√©m a autenticidade √© requerida, no √Ęmbito representa√ß√£o da informa√ß√£o, e que d√™ voz √†s distintas vozes e comunidades, integrando uma abordagem p√≥s-moderna, sublinhando as potencialidades do digital e centrando-se no processo. Uma procura que n√£o ignora, no entanto, que n√£o h√° nada de objetivo nos metadados e que a arquiv√≠stica n√£o √© neutra, mas o resultado de uma pr√°tica socialmente constru√≠da (Yakel, 2003; Gartner, 2016). Este √© o contributo de Andr√© Pacheco para o campo cient√≠fico da Ci√™ncia da Informa√ß√£o, e n√£o √© pouco. Pois o seu estudo agrega conhecimento, contribui para o debate cient√≠fico e oferece contributos para as comunidades de pr√°tica. Sendo um estudo de natureza cient√≠fica, poder√° ainda influenciar a dimens√£o t√©cnica e normativa dos profissionais da informa√ß√£o, bem como dos pr√≥prios sistemas de informa√ß√£o. Um estudo que teve a sua origem numa disserta√ß√£o de doutoramento - Metadados para a descri√ß√£o arquiv√≠stica digital: Proposta de um modelo para a autenticidade - apresentada √† Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Coimbra em 2021, agora adaptada e atualizada para livro, sob o t√≠tulo Arquivos Digitais; Metadados e Autenticidade. Um estudo que permite √† Universidade, no cumprimento da sua miss√£o, contribuir para a transfer√™ncia de conhecimento, uma vez dispon√≠veis os resultados, que poder√£o ser incorporados na pr√≥pria ind√ļstria das Tecnologias da Informa√ß√£o (e Comunica√ß√£o).info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersio

    A Ciência da Informação em Portugal nas primeiras décadas do século xxi: uma abordagem preliminar para uma cartografia iberoamericana

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    Objective: This work aims to contribute to an Ibero-American cartography through the analysis of the scientific production in Information Science in Portugal.Design/Methodology/Approach: In order to fulfil this objective, the training offered in Information Science in the country was obtained, the results of the advanced research focused on the doctoral theses defended in Portuguese universities and related themes, and analyzed the scientific journals published in PortugalResults/Discussion: The thematic analysis of the completed theses shows a strong concentration of the majority of the content of the research produced, within the scope of the doctoral programs analyzed, around a minority group of themes and sub-themes, interpreted as tendencies. As far as journals are concerned, there is a very meritorious recent editorial work, which involves the requalification of titles in formal and content terms.Conclusions: The training in Portugal in the area of Information Science has a long-time course, having undergone a significant transformation in the last two decades. The increase in the number of doctorates is a very positive signal for Information Science in Portugal. The journals published in Portugal reflect a clear trend towards the option of the ‚Äėgolden road‚Äô.Originality/Value: This work analyzes the main transformations in the training in Information Science in Portugal, highlighting the advanced training in quantitative terms and research trends, as well as the main channels of dissemination of research, the scientific journals published in Portugal and their adaptation to a requirement presence in international databases.Objetivo: Este trabalho visa contribuir para uma cartografia ibero-americana atrav√©s da an√°lise da produ√ß√£o cient√≠fica em Ci√™ncia da Informa√ß√£o em Portugal.Desenho/Metodologia/Enfoque: Apurou-se a oferta formativa em Ci√™ncia da Informa√ß√£o no pa√≠s, os resultados da investiga√ß√£o avan√ßada com foco nas teses de doutoramento conclu√≠das em universidades portuguesas e respetivos temas, e analisaram-se as revistas cient√≠ficas publicadas em Portugal.Resultados/Discuss√£o: A an√°lise tem√°tica das teses conclu√≠das evidencia uma forte concentra√ß√£o da maioria do conte√ļdo da investiga√ß√£o produzida, no √Ęmbito dos programas de doutoramento analisados, em torno de um grupo minorit√°rio de temas e de subtemas, interpretado como tend√™ncias. No que √†s revistas diz respeito, existe um trabalho editorial recente muito merit√≥rio, que passa pela requalifica√ß√£o dos t√≠tulos em termos formais e cient√≠ficos.Conclus√Ķes: A forma√ß√£o em Portugal na √°rea de Ci√™ncia da Informa√ß√£o tem um longo percurso temporal, tendo nas √ļltimas duas d√©cadas sofrido uma transforma√ß√£o expressiva. O aumento do n√ļmero de doutorados √© um sinal muito positivo para a Ci√™ncia da Informa√ß√£o em Portugal. As revistas publicadas em Portugal refletem uma tend√™ncia clara pelo acesso aberto, com op√ß√£o pela ‚Äėvia dourada‚Äô.Originalidade/Valor: Este trabalho analisa as principais transforma√ß√Ķes na forma√ß√£o em Ci√™ncia da Informa√ß√£o em Portugal, destacando a forma√ß√£o avan√ßada em termos quantitativos e tend√™ncias de investiga√ß√£o, bem como os principais canais de dissemina√ß√£o da investiga√ß√£o, as revistas cient√≠ficas publicadas em Portugal e a sua adapta√ß√£o a uma exig√™ncia crescente de presen√ßa em bases de dados internacionais
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