875 research outputs found

    Ócio e tempo livre: perspectivar o lazer para o desenvolvemento

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    [Resumo] Embora todas as sociedades tenham conhecido um "tempo livre", nem sempre esse tempo foi encarado da mesma forma ou correspondeu ao que entendemos hoje por lazer, sobretudo nas sociedades industrializadas. A concepção de lazer evoluiu fortemente ao longo dos séculos em funo de diversos modelos de organização social que vigoraram nas sociedades (Haworth, 1997). Gradualmente o tempo livre e o lazer adquiriram um papel crescente na caracterização dos estilos de vida. Cada vez mais as alternativas ao tempo de trabalho sao consideradas salientando-se o lazer, mais do que o tempo livre, como factor fundamental para a promoyao da qualidade de vida. Neste ambito, o lazer aparece como sendo indissociável da educação e mais concretamente do processo de desenvolvimento das crianças e adolescentes. Assim, nesta comunicação iremos centrar-nos em algumas das questoes relacionadas com o tempo livre, salientando neste ambito o lazer e o seu papel no desenvolvimento. Num primeiro momento, focalizamo-nos no conceito de lazer, para depois analisarmos as funções que geralmente estao associadas aexperiencia de lazer. Arelayao entre lazer e desenvolvimento humano é, entao, tematizada salientando-se a este propósito a "educação para o lazer". A título de conclusao apresenta-se urna síntese dos pontos-ehave salientados ao langa desta comunicação, constituindo um ponto de partida para urna reflexao mais aprofundada desta temátic

    Changing Practices, Changing Identities: A Study with Students at Risk of Educational Exclusion

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    This study discusses how students at risk of educational exclusion can restore their identity and improve learning and scientific literacy. This qualitative research adopts an interpretative orientation. Twenty-eight secondary school students, aged 16 to 20 participated. Data was collected of the interactions between students in lessons, focus group interview and written documents. Data analysis was inductive, consistent with a naturalistic research paradigm, and consisted of uncovering salient patterns, singularities, and themes associated with research aims. Several students, at risk of educational exclusion, value this kind of practice. By changing practice, the learning social context varied, as well as students’ identities and their relationships with knowledge, teachers and school

    Ócio e tempo livre: perspectivar o lazer para o desenvolvimento.

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    [Resumo] Embora todas as sociedades tenham conhecido um "tempo livre", nem sempre esse tempo foi encarado da mesma forma ou correspondeu ao que entendemos hoje por lazer, sobretudo nas sociedades industrializadas. A concepção de lazer evoluiu fortemente ao longo dos séculos em funo de diversos modelos de organização social que vigoraram nas sociedades (Haworth, 1997). Gradualmente o tempo livre e o lazer adquiriram um papel crescente na caracterização dos estilos de vida. Cada vez mais as alternativas ao tempo de trabalho sao consideradas salientando-se o lazer, mais do que o tempo livre, como factor fundamental para a promoyao da qualidade de vida. Neste ambito, o lazer aparece como sendo indissociável da educação e mais concretamente do processo de desenvolvimento das crianças e adolescentes. Assim, nesta comunicação iremos centrar-nos em algumas das questoes relacionadas com o tempo livre, salientando neste ambito o lazer e o seu papel no desenvolvimento. Num primeiro momento, focalizamo-nos no conceito de lazer, para depois analisarmos as funções que geralmente estao associadas aexperiencia de lazer. Arelayao entre lazer e desenvolvimento humano é, entao, tematizada salientando-se a este propósito a "educação para o lazer". A título de conclusao apresenta-se urna síntese dos pontos-ehave salientados ao langa desta comunicação, constituindo um ponto de partida para urna reflexao mais aprofundada desta temátic

    Positive youth development in the context of climate change: a systematic review

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    Climate change has been acknowledged as one of the most significant current threats for younger generations. However, few studies have focused on climate change impacts on youth and how they can be supported. The purpose of this systematic review is to emphasize that a developmental perspective is fundamental within the interdisciplinary studies concerning climate change. Specifically, we focus our research on how the Positive Youth Development framework may inform future approaches to promote adolescents' and young adults' well-being and engagement in the context of climate change. A systematic review was conducted following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. The search comprised two databases, and a total of 13 articles were finally considered eligible for review. Data were analyzed using a narrative method. The results show that the Positive Youth Development theory is not yet directly embedded in existing studies concerning adolescents and young adults in the context of climate change, but some of its principles were identified. Examples are provided of how Positive Youth Development characteristics and constructs can enhance future research, practice, and policies. We highlight this framework as an innovative and promising approach in the context of climate change.This study was conducted at the Psychology Research Centre (PSI/01662), School of Psychology, University of Minho, supported by the Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) through the Portuguese State Budget (UIDP/PSI/01662/2020) and under a Ph.D. fellowship also supported by the FCT (SFRH/BD/143814/2019)

    Student Perceptions of Secondary Science Teachers’ Practices Following Curricular Change

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    Inquiry-based teaching has emerged as a highly valued strategy in science education. In Portugal, the science curriculum has been redesigned in order to promote such teaching. This implies substantial change in teacher practice. It is therefore important to understand students’ perceptions of teacher practice. Aim: In this study, we describe student perception of teacher practices and look for associations between the perceptions and student motivation. Method: Three low-achieving, secondary-level science classes were studied. Motivation was measured by two scales (Intrinsic and Extrinsic); Perceptions were measured in four dimensions. Results: Significant associations (p < .05) were observed between intrinsic motivation and (a) Perception of the use of Laboratory Work; (b) Perception of Science-Technology-Society and (c) Perceived Student Autonomy. No association was noted between intrinsic motivation and the Perception of Teacher as Facilitator. Conclusions: Results are generally consistent with previous literature. Teacher professional development lags behind curricular change. Teachers require new conceptions of assessment.Projeto financiado pelo CIEFCU

    Educación en emprendimiento. Revisión de la literatura económica

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    ¿El emprendedor nace o se hace? Fue el intento por dar respuesta a esta pregunta lo que nos motivó a buscar esos rasgos comunes que pudieran identificar a esos potenciales emprendedores, tanto desde el punto de vista de aptitudes y actitudes o características que poseían en común todos aquellos que manifestaban su inquietud por “emprender”, y por otro lado pretendemos identificar las herramientas o habilidades que estos emprendedores buscan en la formación empresarial. Para ello nos hemos valido -y tomado como referencia- los argumentos de los grandes economistas del pasado como Smith, Mill, Say, Marshall, etc. Analizaremos la tradición de ayuda a las empresas nacientes a través de las principales líneas de pensamiento económico. Revisaremos la literatura relacionada con este tema.Are entrepreneurs made or born? As an attempt to answer this question we sought those common features that could identify those potential entrepreneurs. On one side we had the common skills, attitudes or characteristics that all of those who wanted to undertake projects had and on the other side, we identified the tools or skills that these entrepre-neurs claimed during the entrepreneurial training. To answer the question of our research, we have taken as reference the arguments of important economists of the past as Smith, Mill, Say, Marshall… We will analyse the aid provided to start-ups through the main lines of economic thought. We will revise the literature related to this matter

    Educación en emprendimiento. Revisión de la literatura económica

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    ¿El emprendedor nace o se hace? Fue el intento por dar respuesta a esta pregunta lo que nos motivó a buscar esos rasgos comunes que pudieran identificar a esos potenciales emprendedores, tanto desde el punto de vista de aptitudes y actitudes o características que poseían en común todos aquellos que manifestaban su inquietud por “emprender”, y por otro lado pretendemos identificar las herramientas o habilidades que estos emprendedores buscan en la formación empresarial. Para ello nos hemos valido -y tomado como referencia- los argumentos de los grandes economistas del pasado como Smith, Mill, Say, Marshall, etc. Analizaremos la tradición de ayuda a las empresas nacientes a través de las principales líneas de pensamiento económico. Revisaremos la literatura relacionada con este tema

    Escala de Atitudes Face ao Lazer em Adolescentes e Jovens Adultos

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    Atualmente, o lazer e as atitudes face ao lazer têm sido alvo de interesse na investigação psicológica, concretamente no domínio da Psicologia Social. O objetivo do presente estudo foi adaptar a escala Leisure Attitude Scale de Raghb e Beard, construída para avaliar as atitudes face ao lazer em função das três componentes de atitude (cognitiva, afetiva e comportamental) para a população de estudantes, adolescentes e jovens adultos portugueses. Participaram no estudo 462 sujeitos (57,8% do sexo feminino e 42,2% do sexo masculino), com uma média de idades de 19,97 (desvio padrão de 4,85). Os resultados obtidos confirmam a estrutura e as características psicométricas da versão original, refletindo valores largamente aceitáveis de fidelidade (consistência interna) e validade (validade de conteúdo) quer para a escala total quer para as várias sub-escalas (cognitiva, afetiva e comportamental). Conclui-se pela adequação da escala na medida das atitudes face ao lazer, no contexto português.info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersio

    Portuguese validation of the climate change attitude survey: psychometric properties and relations with positive youth development

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    Promoting positive development may lead to young people’s active contribu tions to their environment through positive attitudes and behaviours. The Climate Change Attitude Survey (15-item version) aims to identify climate change attitudes differences in groups of students and to assess pre- to postintervention attitude changes. We intended to validate and test a possible extension of this scale among a Portuguese sample of adolescents and emerging adults. We also investigated whether higher scores on this scale would be positively associated with positive youth development. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, measurement invariance, and convergent validity were assessed. The results showed good psychometric properties aligned with the original factorial structure. Significant differences were found among female and male samples regarding beliefs and intentions. A small but significant positive association was identified with a positive youth development scale. We suggest this may be an adequate instrument to assess youth climate change beliefs and intentions.This study was conducted at the Psychology Research Centre (PSI/01662), School of Psychology, University of Minho, supported by the Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) through the Portuguese State Budget (UIDB/PSI/01662/2020), and under a Ph.D. fellowship also supported by FCT (SFRH/BD/143814/2019)

    Von Willebrand Disease: be or not to be, that is the question

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    Poster presented at the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis 2015 Congress, 20-25 June 2015, Toronto
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