3,728 research outputs found

    Adjunct & Faculty Survey: Perceptions of Quality & Rigor

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    Seeking comprehensive feedback about adjunct faculty experiences at Fort Hays State University, the authors created an anonymous survey tool to inquire about full-time and adjunct faculty perceptions of a broad range of factors affecting adjuncts and the classes they teach. Results include valuable information about adjunct satisfaction, compensation, recruitment, orientation, and support, as well as perceptions of course and program quality. Findings suggest significant differences in perceptions of academic rigor and expectations of student clock-hours. Results were shared with the Adjunct Faculty Advisory Committee and will be used to make various recommendations to the Provost and Academic Council. Additional research is needed, to clarify factors which affect adjunct and full-time faculty perceptions

    Adjunct & Faculty Survey: Perceptions of Quality & Rigor

    Get PDF
    Seeking comprehensive feedback about adjunct faculty experiences at Fort Hays State University, the authors created an anonymous survey tool to inquire about full-time and adjunct faculty perceptions of a broad range of factors affecting adjuncts and the classes they teach. Results include valuable information about adjunct satisfaction, compensation, recruitment, orientation, and support, as well as perceptions of course and program quality. Findings suggest significant differences in perceptions of academic rigor and expectations of student clock-hours. Results were shared with the Adjunct Faculty Advisory Committee and will be used to make various recommendations to the Provost and Academic Council. Additional research is needed, to clarify factors which affect adjunct and full-time faculty perceptions

    Agriculture and Dairy Production Systems in China: An Overview and Case Studies

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    The Chinese dairy industry is growing rapidly. Since 1980, the rate of increase in dairy cattle in China's dairy industry (+210,000 cows per year) is 1.7 times higher than the rate of decline of dairy cattle in the US dairy industry (-124,000 cows per year). If the current trends do not change, there will be as many dairy cows in China as in the US-approximately 7.45 million cows in 2012. This two-part Discussion Paper presents the context in which the Chinese dairy industry is developing (Part I) and a study of the Dairy Farm systems and case studies of five farms in the Province of Yunnan, the city of Beijing and the province of Heilongjiang (Part II).Chinese Dairy Industry, Dairy Cows in China, Development of the Chinese Dairy Industry, Chinese Dairy Farm Case Studies, Consumer/Household Economics, Farm Management, International Development, International Relations/Trade, Productivity Analysis,

    Ariel - Volume 5 Number 4

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    Editors Mark Dembert J.D. Kanofskv Entertainment Editors Robert Breckenridge Joe Conti Overseas Editor Mike Sinason Photographer Scott Kastner Epistemologist Gary Kaskey Staff Ken Jaffe Bob Sklaroff Janet Weish David Jacoby Phil Nimoityn Circulation Editor Jay Amsterdam Humorist Jim Mccan

    KIR channel activation contributes to onset and steady-state exercise hyperemia in humans

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    We tested the hypothesis that activation of inwardly rectifying potassium (KIR) channels and Na+-K+-ATPase, two pathways that lead to hyperpolarization of vascular cells, contributes to both the onset and steady-state hyperemic response to exercise. We also determined whether after inhibiting these pathways nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandins (PGs) are involved in the hyperemic response. Forearm blood flow (FBF; Doppler ultrasound) was determined during rhythmic handgrip exercise at 10% maximal voluntary contraction for 5 min in the following conditions: control [saline; trial 1 (T1)]; with combined inhibition of KIR channels and Na+-K+-ATPase alone [via barium chloride (BaCl2) and ouabain, respectively; trial 2(T2)]; and with additional combined nitric oxide synthase (NG-monomethyl-l-arginine) and cyclooxygenase inhibition [ketorolac; trial 3 (T3)]. In T2, the total hyperemic responses were attenuated ∼50% from control (P \u3c 0.05) at exercise onset, and there was minimal further effect in T3 (protocol 1; n= 11). In protocol 2 (n = 8), steady-state FBF was significantly reduced during T2 vs. T1 (133 ± 15 vs. 167 ± 17 ml/min; Δ from control: −20 ± 3%; P \u3c 0.05) and further reduced during T3 (120 ± 15 ml/min; −29 ± 3%; P \u3c 0.05 vs. T2). In protocol 3 (n = 8), BaCl2 alone reduced FBF during onset (∼50%) and steady-state exercise (∼30%) as observed in protocols 1 and 2, respectively, and addition of ouabain had no further impact. Our data implicate activation of KIR channels as a novel contributing pathway to exercise hyperemia in humans

    Impaired Peripheral Vasodilation during Graded Systemic Hypoxia in Healthy Older Adults: Role of the Sympathoadrenal System

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    Systemic hypoxia is a physiological and pathophysiological stress that activates the sympathoadrenal system and, in young adults, leads to peripheral vasodilation. We tested the hypothesis that peripheral vasodilation to graded systemic hypoxia is impaired in older healthy adults and that this age-associated impairment is due to attenuated β-adrenergic mediated vasodilation and elevated α-adrenergic vasoconstriction. Forearm blood flow was measured (Doppler ultrasound) and vascular conductance (FVC) was calculated in 12 young (24±1 yrs) and 10 older (63±2 yrs) adults to determine the local dilatory responses to graded hypoxia (90, 85, and 80% O2 saturations) in control conditions, following local intra-arterial blockade of β-receptors (propranolol), and combined blockade of α+β receptors (phentolamine + propranolol). Under control conditions, older adults exhibited impaired vasodilation to hypoxia compared with young at all levels of hypoxia (peak ΔFVC at 80% SpO2 = 4±6 vs. 35±8%; P\u3c0.01). During β-blockade, older adults actively constricted at 85 and 80% SpO2 (peak ΔFVC at 80% SpO2= -13±6%; P\u3c0.05 vs. control) whereas the response in the young was not significantly impacted (peak ΔFVC = 28±8%). Combined α+β blockade increased the dilatory response to hypoxia in young adults, however older adults failed to significantly vasodilate (peak ΔFVC at 80% SpO2= 12±11% vs. 58±11%; P\u3c0.05). Our findings indicate that peripheral vasodilation to graded systemic hypoxia is significantly impaired in older adults which cannot be fully explained by altered sympathoadrenal control of vascular tone. Thus, the impairment in hypoxic vasodilation is likely due to attenuated local vasodilatory and/or augmented vasoconstrictor signaling with age

    Reactive Hyperemia Occurs Via Activation of Inwardly Rectifying Potassium Channels and Na+/K+-ATPase in Humans

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    Rationale: Reactive hyperemia (RH) in the forearm circulation is an important marker of cardiovascular health, yet the underlying vasodilator signaling pathways are controversial and thus remain unclear. Objective: We hypothesized that RH occurs via activation of inwardly rectifying potassium (KIR) channels and Na+/K+-ATPase and is largely independent of the combined production of the endothelial autocoids nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandins in young healthy humans. Methods and Results: In 24 (23±1 years) subjects, we performed RH trials by measuring forearm blood flow (FBF; venous occlusion plethysmography) after 5 minutes of arterial occlusion. In protocol 1, we studied 2 groups of 8 subjects and assessed RH in the following conditions. For group 1, we studied control (saline), KIR channel inhibition (BaCl2), combined inhibition of KIR channels and Na+/K+-ATPase (BaCl2 and ouabain, respectively), and combined inhibition of KIR channels, Na+/K+-ATPase, NO, and prostaglandins (BaCl2, ouabain, L-NMMA [NG-monomethyl-L-arginine] and ketorolac, respectively). Group 2 received ouabain rather than BaCl2 in the second trial. In protocol 2 (n=8), the following 3 RH trials were performed: control; L-NMMA plus ketorolac; and L-NMMA plus ketorolac plus BaCl2 plus ouabain. All infusions were intra-arterial (brachial). Compared with control, BaCl2 significantly reduced peak FBF (−50±6%; P2 (−61±3%) and ouabain (−44±12%) alone, and this effect was enhanced when combined (−87±4%), nearly abolishing RH. L-NMMA plus ketorolac did not impact total RH FBF before or after administration of BaCl2 plus ouabain. Conclusions: Activation of KIR channels is the primary determinant of peak RH, whereas activation of both KIR channels and Na+/K+-ATPase explains nearly all of the total (AUC) RH in humans

    Hunter Motivations and Use of Wild Pigs in Texas, USA

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    Wild pigs (Sus scrofa) are a widespread exotic, invasive species that pose ecological, agricultural, and human health risks in their invaded range. Wildlife managers must manage wild pig abundance and range expansion to mitigate these risks. The diversity of stakeholders involved in the issue of wild pig management complicates efforts to manage the species, and, to be successful, wildlife professionals must consider the human dimensions associated with wild pig management. The prevalence of privately owned lands in Texas, USA necessitates cooperation to enact effective management policies. In this study, we investigate the impact of hunter motivations on wild pig harvest quantity. Motivations driving wild pig hunting are diverse. While the majority of wild pig hunters in Texas are motivated by trophy value, meat-motivated hunters harvest more wild pigs per day afield. Wildlife managers should develop plans that include various management techniques to control wild pig population growth and damage. Education and outreach will continue to be important for involving private landowners in effective wild pig management

    A Profile of Wild Pig Hunters in Texas, USA

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    Wild pigs (Sus scrofa) are a widespread exotic, invasive species that poses ecological, agricultural, and human health risks in invaded areas. Wildlife managers often manage wild pig abundance and expansion to mitigate these risks. The diversity of stakeholders involved in the issue of wild pig management complicates efforts to manage the species, and, to be successful, wildlife professionals should consider the human dimensions associated with wild pig management. The prevalence of privately owned lands in Texas, USA necessitates cooperation to enact effective management policies. In this study, we investigate the factors that affect a hunter’s likelihood to participate in wild pig hunting. Multiple factors affect participation in wild pig hunting activities. We found that participation in other types of big game hunting increased the likelihood of participation in wild pig hunting and that wild pig hunting does not deter individuals from participating in other types of hunting activities. Additionally, hunters’ attitudes toward wild pigs are important in determining the likelihood of participation in wild pig hunting. Finally, our results suggest that hunters are largely uninformed about wild pigs and do not hold the same perceptions, values, or tolerance levels of the species. The diversity of preferences among wild pig hunters necessitates that wildlife managers consider the desires of the public as well as natural resource needs in creating socially acceptable management plans for the species
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