170 research outputs found

    Endoscopic Tomography and Quantum-Non-Demolition

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    We propose to measure the quantum state of a single mode of the radiation field in a cavity---the signal field---by coupling it via a quantum-non-demolition Hamiltonian to a meter field in a highly squeezed state. We show that quantum state tomography on the meter field using balanced homodyne detection provides full information about the signal state. We discuss the influence of measurement of the meter on the signal field.Comment: RevTeX, 10 pages, 1 eps figure with psfig. To appear In Physical Review A 59 (January 1999

    Trapping state restoration in the randomly-driven Jaynes-Cummings model by conditional measurements

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    We propose a scheme which can effectively restore fixed points in the quantum dynamics of repeated Jaynes-Cummings interactions followed by atomic state measurements, when the interaction times fluctuate randomly. It is based on selection of superposed atomic states whose phase correlations tend to suppress the phase fluctuations of each separate state. One suggested realization involves the convergence of the cavity field distribution to a single Fock state by conditional measurements performed on two-level atoms with fluctuating velocities after they cross the cavity. Another realization involves a trapped ion whose internal-motional state coupling fluctuates randomly. Its motional state is made to converge to a Fock state by conditional measurements of the internal state of the ion.Comment: RevTeX, 5 pages, four (EPS) figures automatically included through epsfig. Physical Review A 1998 (accepted for publication) Two references added to Ref. [8]. No other change. Final version which will appear in Physical Review


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    O texto trata da minha experiência na luta pela conquista, instituição e implantação da primeira carreira do corpo técnico administrativo das Ifes

    Quantum Feedback for Protection of Schroedinger-cat states

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    We review the use of quantum feedback for combatting the decoherence of Schroedinger-cat-like states in electromagnetic cavities, with special emphasys on our recent proposal of an automatic mechanism based on the injection of appropriately prepared ``probe'' and ``feedback'' Rydberg atoms. In the latter scheme, the information transmission from the probe to the feedback atom is directly mediated by a second auxiliary cavity. The detection efficiency for the probe atom is no longer a critical parameter, and the decoherence time of the linear superposition state can be significantly increased using presently available technology.Comment: LaTeX, 11 pages, 2 figures, uses sprocl.sty. Based on a talk given by M. Fortunato at the 1998 Lecce Conference on Foundation of Quantum Mechanics, to appear in the Conference Proceedings (World Scientific, Singapore, 2000

    Comment on ``Creating Metastable Schroedinger Cat States''

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    After a careful analysis of the feedback model recently proposed by Slosser and Milburn [Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 418 (1995)], we are led to the conclusion that---under realistic conditions---their scheme is not significantly more effective in the production of linear superpositions of macroscopically distinguishable quantum states than the usual quantum-optical Kerr effect.Comment: 1 page, RevTeX, 1 eps figure (fig_1.eps), accepted for publication in Physical Review Letters [Phys. Rev. Lett. 77 (9) (1996)

    COVID-19 Is a Multifaceted Challenging Pandemic Which Needs Urgent Public Health Interventions

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    Until less than two decades ago, all known human coronaviruses (CoV) caused diseases so mild that they did not stimulate further advanced CoV research. In 2002 and following years, the scenario changed dramatically with the advent of the new more pathogenic CoVs, including Severe Acute Respiratory Syndome (SARS-CoV-1), Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome (MERS)-CoV, and the new zoonotic SARS-CoV-2, likely originated from bat species and responsible for the present coronavirus disease (COVID-19), which to date has caused 15,581,007 confirmed cases and 635,173 deaths in 208 countries, including Italy. SARS-CoV-2 transmission is mainly airborne via droplets generated by symptomatic patients, and possibly asymptomatic individuals during incubation of the disease, although for the latter, there are no certain data yet. However, research on asymptomatic viral infection is currently ongoing worldwide to elucidate the real prevalence and mortality of the disease. From a clinical point of view, COVID-19 would be defined as “COVID Planet “ because it presents as a multifaceted disease, due to the large number of organs and tissues infected by the virus. Overall, based on the available published data, 80.9% of patients infected by SARS-CoV-2 develop a mild disease/infection, 13.8% severe pneumonia, 4.7% respiratory failure, septic shock, or multi-organ failure, and 3% of these cases are fatal, but mortality parameter is highly variable in dfferent countries. Clinically, SARS-CoV-2 causes severe primary interstitial viral pneumonia and a “cytokine storm syndrome”, characterized by a severe and fatal uncontrolled systemic inflammatory response triggered by the activation of interleukin 6 (IL-6) with development of endothelitis and generalized thrombosis that can lead to organ failure and death. Risk factors include advanced age and comorbidities including hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Virus entry occurs via binding the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor present in almost all tissues and organs through the Spike (S) protein. Currently, SARS-CoV-2 infection is prevented by the use of masks, social distancing, and improved hand hygiene measures. This review summarizes the current knowledge on the main biological and clinical features of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, also focusing on the principal measures taken in some Italian regions to face

    A non-invasive approach to monitor chronic lymphocytic leukemia engraftment in a xenograft mouse model using ultra-small superparamagnetic iron oxide-magnetic resonance imaging (USPIO-MRI).

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    This work was supported by: Associazione Italiana Ricerca sul Cancro (AIRC) [Grant 5 x mille n.9980, (to M.F., F.M. and A. N.)]; AIRC I.G. [n. 14,326 (to M.F.)], [n.10136 and 16,722 (A.N.)], [n.15426 (to F.F.)]. AIRC and Fondazione CaRiCal co-financed Multi Unit Regional Grant 2014 [n.16695 (to F.M.)]. Italian Ministry of Health 5 × 1000 funds (to F.F). A.G R. was supported by Associazione Italiana contro le Leucemie-Linfomi-Mielomi (AIL) Cosenza - Fondazione Amelia Scorza (FAS). S.M. C.M., F.V., L. E., S. B., were supported by AIRC.Peer reviewedPostprin
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