106 research outputs found

    Vortex Stability in a Trapped Bose Condensate

    Full text link
    A vortex in a trapped Bose-Einstein condensate can experience at least two types of instabilities. (1). Macroscopic hydrodynamic motion of the vortex core relative to the center of mass of the condensate requires some process to dissipate energy. (2). Microscopic small-amplitude normal modes can also induce an instability. In one specific example, the vortex core again moves relative to the overall center of mass, suggesting that there may be only a single physical mechanism.Comment: Latex, 6 pages, no figures, to appear in Proceedings of International Symposium on Quantum Fluids and Solids, 1998 (J. Low Temp. Phys.

    Superfluid Vortex Dynamics on Planar Sectors and Cones

    Get PDF
    We study the dynamics of vortices formed in a superfluid film adsorbed on the curved two-dimensional surface of a cone. To this aim, we observe that a cone can be unrolled to a sector on a plane with periodic boundary conditions on the straight sides. The sector can then be mapped conformally to the whole plane, leading to the relevant stream function. In this way, we show that a superfluid vortex on the cone precesses uniformly at fixed distance from the apex. The stream function also yields directly the interaction energy of two vortices on the cone. We then study the vortex dynamics on unbounded and bounded cones. In suitable limits, we recover the known results for dynamics on cylinders and planar annuli.Comment: 10 pages, 8 figure

    Bose gas: Theory and Experiment

    Full text link
    For many years, 4^4He typified Bose-Einstein superfluids, but recent advances in dilute ultra-cold alkali-metal gases have provided new neutral superfluids that are particularly tractable because the system is dilute. This chapter starts with a brief review of the physics of superfluid 4^4He, followed by the basic ideas of Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC), first for an ideal Bose gas and then considering the effect of interparticle interactions, including time-dependent phenomena. Extensions to more exotic condensates include magnetic dipolar gases, mixtures of two components, and spinor condensates that require a focused infrared laser for trapping of all the various hyperfine magnetic states in a particular hyperfine FF manifold of mFm_F states. With an applied rotation, the trapped BECs nucleate quantized vortices. Recent theory and experiment have shown that laser coupling fields can mimic the effect of rotation. The resulting synthetic gauge fields have produced vortices in a nonrotating condensate
    • …