105 research outputs found

    Towards a corpuscular model of optical phenomena

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    This thesis presents a collection of event-by-event models that simulate fundamental optical experiments. The simulation approach is completely based on the experimental facts. Each component in the model corresponds to one kind of optical device, such as a beam splitter, a wave plate, a detector and so on. Networks of such components build computational experiments which are one-to-one copies of real experiments. As all components share the same mechanism (leaning machine) as in the previous work, our event-by-event simulation models are systematic and consistent with each other. As the model provides a description of interference and other wave phenomena on the level of individual event, it goes beyond the description of quantum theory. All the results presented in this thesis demonstrate that it is possible to simulate quantum phenomena by classical, non-Hamiltonian, local, causal and dynamical models.

    Screening and plasmons in pure and disordered single- and bilayer black phosphorus

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    We study collective plasmon excitations and screening of disordered single- and bilayer black phosphorus beyond the low energy continuum approximation. The dynamical polarizability of phosphorene is computed using a tight-binding model that properly accounts for the band structure in a wide energy range. Electron-electron interaction is considered within the Random Phase Approximation. Damping of the plasmon modes due to different kinds of disorder, such as resonant scatterers and long-range disorder potentials, is analyzed. We further show that an electric field applied perpendicular to bilayer phosphorene can be used to tune the dispersion of the plasmon modes. For sufficiently large electric field, the bilayer BP enters in a topological phase with a characteristic plasmon spectrum, which is gaped in the armchair direction.Comment: 9 pages, 9 figure

    Relaxation, thermalization and Markovian dynamics of two spins coupled to a spin bath

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    It is shown that by fitting a Markovian quantum master equation to the numerical solution of the time-dependent Schr\"odinger equation of a system of two spin-1/2 particles interacting with a bath of up to 34 spin-1/2 particles, the former can describe the dynamics of the two-spin system rather well. The fitting procedure that yields this Markovian quantum master equation accounts for all non-Markovian effects in as much the general structure of this equation allows and yields a description that is incompatible with the Lindblad equation.Comment: arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:1605.0660

    Real-Time Dynamics of Typical and Untypical States in Non-Integrable Systems

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    For a class of typical states, the real-time and real-space dynamics of non-equilibrium density profiles has been recently studied for integrable models, i.e. the spin-1/2 XXZ chain [PRB 95, 035155 (2017)] and the Fermi-Hubbard chain [PRE 96, 020105 (2017)]. It has been found that the non-equilibrium dynamics agrees with linear response theory. Moreover, in the regime of strong interactions, clear signatures of diffusion have been observed. However, this diffusive behavior strongly depends on the choice of the initial state and disappears for untypical states without internal randomness. In the present work, we address the question whether or not the above findings persist for non-integrable models. As a first step, we study the spin-1/2 XXZ chain, where integrability can be broken due to an additional next-nearest neighbor interaction. Furthermore, we analyze the differences of typical and untypical initial states on the basis of their entanglement and their local density of states.Comment: 15 pages, 15 figure

    Benchmarking gate-based quantum computers

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    With the advent of public access to small gate-based quantum processors, it becomes necessary to develop a benchmarking methodology such that independent researchers can validate the operation of these processors. We explore the usefulness of a number of simple quantum circuits as benchmarks for gate-based quantum computing devices and show that circuits performing identity operations are very simple, scalable and sensitive to gate errors and are therefore very well suited for this task. We illustrate the procedure by presenting benchmark results for the IBM Quantum Experience, a cloud-based platform for gate-based quantum computing.Comment: Accepted for publication in Computer Physics Communication

    Event-based simulation of neutron interferometry experiments

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    A discrete-event approach, which has already been shown to give a cause-and-effect explanation of many quantum optics experiments, is applied to single-neutron interferometry experiments. The simulation algorithm yields a logically consistent description in terms of individual neutrons and does not require the knowledge of the solution of a wave equation. It is shown that the simulation method reproduces the results of several single-neutron interferometry experiments, including experiments which, in quantum theoretical language, involve entanglement. Our results demonstrate that classical (non-Hamiltonian) systems can exhibit correlations which in quantum theory are associated with interference and entanglement, also when all particles emitted by the source are accounted for.Comment: Accepted for publication in Quantum Matte