11 research outputs found

    ECI map of the Brazilian states.

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    <p>The colors in the map vary from green (high ECI) to red (low ECI) and they show the variation of the ECI across the Brazilian states.</p

    Evolution of Brazilian states in the ECI-Income plane.

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    <p><i>a</i>) The figure shows the dynamics (from 2002 to 2015) of the Brazilian states in the ECI-Income plane, where the GDP<sub><i>p</i></sub> is in logarithmic scale. Only the state of São Paulo and the Distrito Federal appear to be clearly distinguishable from the rest of the states. All the others states are indeed concentrated in a small region of the graph. <i>b</i>) The figure shows the coefficient calculated considering the time interval 2003-2013. Colors vary from green (where the versors tend to be parallel), to red (where the versors tend to be unevenly directed). From the figure we can therefore verify that there is a low predictability of the evolution of all the states. <i>c</i>) Here we show a grid where for each cell we calculate the versor of the sum vector. From the figure we see that there is no privileged direction, indeed the vectors are unevenly directed.</p

    The binary matrix <i>M</i><sub><i>sp</i></sub> of the year 2015.

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    <p>Each row of the matrix represents a Brazilian state. States are ordered in terms of their Fitness from the smallest value (row 0) to the largest one (row 26). Analogously columns represent Products ordered in terms of their Complexity from the smallest value (column 0) to the largest one (column 1172). The matrix elements <i>M</i><sub><i>sp</i></sub> are drawn in dark green and the others in white. In the figure we highlight high Fitness states such as São Paulo and Paraná, a middle rank State such as Ceará and a low Fitness state such as Roraima.</p

    Products spectroscopy of the years 2005 (dotted lines) and 2015 (filled colors) of the countries: a) Brazil, b) Russia, c) China, and d) India.

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    <p>The figures show the export volume (in US Dollars) of those states for each product with <i>M</i><sub><i>cp</i></sub> = 1 ordered in terms of their Complexity. The products have been grouped (10 for bin) and the export volumes of each product inside each bin have been summed.</p

    Dynamics of Brazilian states in the Fitness-Income plane.

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    <p><i>a</i>) The figure shows the evolution (from 2000 to 2015) of the Brazilian states in the Fitness-Income plane in logarithmic scale. The dotted black line in the figure shows the expected level of GDP<sub><i>p</i></sub> given the level of Fitness and it is the result of the minimization of the Euclidean distance of the states from the line, weighted by the states GDP. <i>b</i>) The figure shows the coefficient calculated considering a time window from 2003 to 2013. The color varies from green (where the versors of evolution tend to be parallel), to red (where the versors tend to be unevenly directed). <i>c</i>) The figure shows a grid where for each cell we calculate the versor of the sum vector. From the figure two regions appear: the first one where the versors tend to be parallel in the direction of a high GDP<sub><i>p</i></sub> (shown in green); and the second one where the versors tend to be unevenly directed (shown in red). Fig 8<i>b</i> and <i>c</i> together show that there is a region (green) of high predictability of motion in direction of a high GDP<sub><i>p</i></sub>; and a region (red) of low predictability of motion. <i>d</i>) The figure shows the dynamics (from 2000 to 2015) of the Brazilian states in the Fitness-Income plane highlighting in green the states in the high predictability region and in red the states in the low predictability one.</p

    The binary matrix <i>M</i><sub><i>cp</i></sub> of the year 2015.

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    <p>The rows of the matrix represent the World countries ordered according to their Fitness with row 0 for the country with the lowest Fitness and row 147 for the one with the highest Fitness. Analogously columns represent Products ordered in terms of their Complexity from the lowest one at column 0 to the highest one at column 1174. The elements <i>M</i><sub><i>cp</i></sub> = 1 are represented as blue dots.</p

    Products spectroscopy of the years 2005 (dotted lines) and 2015 (filled colors) of the states: a) São Paulo, b) Paraná, c) Ceará, and d) Roraima.

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    <p>The figures show the export volume (in US Dollars) of those states for each product with <i>M</i><sub><i>cp</i></sub> = 1 ordered according to their Complexity. Products are grouped in bins of 10 and the export volume in each bin are summed up.</p

    Dynamics of the World countries in the Fitness-Income plane.

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    <p>The figure shows the dynamics (from the year 1995 to the year 2015) of World countries in the Fitness-Income plane in logarithmic scale. We emphasize the BRIC countries: Brazil in green, Russia in blue, China in red, and India in orange.</p

    Time evolution of the ranking of Brazilian states according to the (Endogenous) Fitness algorithm.

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    <p>The figure shows the time evolution of the ranking of the Brazilian states in terms of the Fitness obtained through the (Endogenous) Fitness algorithm applied during the time interval 2000-2015.</p
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