155 research outputs found

    Free Boundary Formulation for BVPs on a Semi-Infinite Interval and Non-Iterative Transformation Methods

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    This paper is concerned with two examples on the application of the free boundary formulation to BVPs on a semi-infinite interval. In both cases we are able to provide the exact solution of both the BVP and its free boundary formulation. Therefore, these problems can be used as benchmarks for the numerical methods applied to BVPs on a semi-infinite interval and to free BVPs. Moreover, we emphasize how for two classes of free BVPs, we can define non-iterative initial value methods, whereas BVPs are usually solved iteratively. These non-iterative methods can be deduced within Lie's group invariance theory. Then, we show how to apply the non-iterative methods to the two introduced free boundary formulations in order to obtain meaningful numerical results. Finally, we indicate several problems from the literature where our non-iterative transformation methods can be applied.Comment: 30 pages, 7 figures, 4 table

    Numerical Methods for a Nonlinear BVP Arising in Physical Oceanography

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    In this paper we report and compare the numerical results for an ocean circulation model obtained by the classical truncated boundary formulation, the free boundary approach and a quasi-uniform grid treatment of the problem. We apply a shooting method to the truncated boundary formulation and finite difference methods to both the free boundary approach and the quasi-uniform grid treatment. Using the shooting method, supplemented by the Newton's iterations, we show that the ocean circulation model cannot be considered as a simple test case. In fact, for this method we are forced to use as initial iterate a value close to the correct missing initial condition in order to be able to get a convergent numerical solution. The reported numerical results allow us to point out how the finite difference method with a quasi-uniform grid is the less demanding approach and that the free boundary approach provides a more reliable formulation than the classical truncated boundary formulation.Comment: 25 pages, 12 figures, 5 table