104 research outputs found

    Beam Management for Millimeter Wave Beamspace MU-MIMO Systems

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    Millimeter wave (mmWave) communication has attracted increasing attention as a promising technology for 5G networks. One of the key architectural features of mmWave is the use of massive antenna arrays at both the transmitter and the receiver sides. Therefore, by employing directional beamforming (BF), both mmWave base stations (MBSs) and mmWave users (MUEs) are capable of supporting multi-beam simultaneous transmissions. However, most researches have only considered a single beam, which means that they do not make full potential of mmWave. In this context, in order to improve the performance of short-range indoor mmWave networks with multiple reflections, we investigate the challenges and potential solutions of downlink multi-user multi-beam transmission, which can be described as a high-dimensional (i.e., beamspace) multi-user multiple-input multiple-output (MU-MIMO) technique, including multi-user BF training, simultaneous users' grouping, and multi-user multibeam power allocation. Furthermore, we present the theoretical and numerical results to demonstrate that beamspace MU-MIMO compared with single beam transmission can largely improve the rate performance of mmWave systems.Comment: The sixth IEEE/CIC International Conference on Communications in China (ICCC2017

    Throughput and Robustness Guaranteed Beam Tracking for mmWave Wireless Networks

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    With the increasing demand of ultra-high-speed wireless communications and the existing low frequency band (e.g., sub-6GHz) becomes more and more crowded, millimeter-wave (mmWave) with large spectra available is considered as the most promising frequency band for future wireless communications. Since the mmWave suffers a serious path-loss, beamforming techniques shall be adopted to concentrate the transmit power and receive region on a narrow beam for achieving long distance communications. However, the mobility of users will bring frequent beam handoff, which will decrease the quality of experience (QoE). Therefore, efficient beam tracking mechanism should be carefully researched. However, the existing beam tracking mechanisms concentrate on system throughput maximization without considering beam handoff and link robustness. This paper proposes a throughput and robustness guaranteed beam tracking mechanism for mobile mmWave communication systems which takes account of both system throughput and handoff probability. Simulation results show that the proposed throughput and robustness guaranteed beam tracking mechanism can provide better performance than the other beam tracking mechanisms.Comment: Accepted by IEEE/CIC ICCC 201

    A Low-latency Collaborative HARQ Scheme for Control/User-plane Decoupled Railway Wireless Networks

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    ArticleThe recently proposed Control/User (C/U) plane decoupled railway wireless network is a promising new network architecture to meet the communication demands of both train control systems and onboard passengers by completely separating the C-plane and U-plane into different network nodes operating at different frequency bands. Although the system capacity of this network architecture can be highly increased, the forwarding latency of X3 interfaces to link the C-plane and U-plane becomes a serious concern, especially for hybrid automatic repeat request (HARQ) protocols which demand frequent interactions between the C-plane and U-plane. This concern becomes more pronounced for latency sensitive train control. To address this challenging problem, in this paper we propose a low-latency collaborative HARQ scheme. Through a newly designed collaborative transmission framework, the possible spare resources on lower frequency bands of macro cells by excluding those used by C-plane transmissions are utilized to help small cells relay erroneously received data. Compared to the conventional HARQ scheme, to reach the same transmission reliability, the proposed scheme requires fewer retransmissions on average, thereby mitigating the latency problem caused by HARQ retransmissions. Correspondingly, the channel mapping is also redesigned to conform to the proposed collaborative transmission framework. In the theoretical analysis, the expression of the average retransmission times related to the sum of independent Gamma variables is developed. Finally, simulation results show that a great decrease in the retransmission latency is gained by the proposed scheme, but at the sacrifice of few average system transmission rate

    Beamforming Design and Trajectory Optimization for UAV-Empowered Adaptable Integrated Sensing and Communication

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    Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) has high flexibility and controllable mobility, therefore it is considered as a promising enabler for future integrated sensing and communication (ISAC). In this paper, we propose a novel adaptable ISAC (AISAC) mechanism in the UAV-enabled system, where the UAV performs sensing on demand during communication and the sensing duration is configured flexibly according to the application requirements rather than keeping the same with the communication duration. Our designed mechanism avoids the excessive sensing and waste of radio resources, therefore improving the resource utilization and system performance. In the UAV-enabled AISAC system, we aim at maximizing the average system throughput by optimizing the communication and sensing beamforming as well as UAV trajectory while guaranteeing the quality-of-service requirements of communication and sensing. To efficiently solve the considered non-convex optimization problem, we first propose an efficient alternating optimization algorithm to optimize the communication and sensing beamforming for a given UAV location, and then develop a low-complexity joint beamforming and UAV trajectory optimization algorithm that sequentially searches the optimal UAV location until reaching the final location. Numerical results validate the superiority of the proposed adaptable mechanism and the effectiveness of the designed algorithm.Comment: This work has been submitted to the IEEE for possible publication. Copyright may be transferred without notice, after which this version may no longer be accessibl

    BER Performance of Spatial Modulation Systems under a Non-Stationary Massive MIMO Channel Model

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    In this paper, the bit error rate (BER) performance of spatial modulation (SM) systems is investigated both theoretically and by simulation in a non-stationary Kronecker-based massive multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) channel model in multi-user (MU) scenarios. Massive MIMO SM systems are considered in this paper using both a time-division multiple access (TDMA) scheme and a block diagonalization (BD) based precoding scheme, for different system settings. Their performance is compared with a vertical Bell labs layered space-time (V-BLAST) architecture based system and a conventional channel inversion system. It is observed that a higher cluster evolution factor can result in better BER performance of SM systems due to the low correlation among sub-channels. Compared with the BD-SM system, the SM system using the TDMA scheme obtains a better BER performance but with a much lower total system data rate. The BD-MU-SM system achieves the best trade-off between the data rate and the BER performance among all of the systems considered. When compared with the V-BLAST system and the channel inversion system, SM approaches offer advantages in performance for MU massive MIMO systems

    Joint Optimization of Active and Passive Beamforming in Multi-IRS Aided mmWave Communications

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    Intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) has been considered as a promising technology to alleviate the blockage effect and enhance coverage in millimeter wave (mmWave) communication. To explore the impact of IRS on the performance of mmWave communication, we investigate a multi-IRS assisted mmWave communication network and formulate a sum rate maximization problem by jointly optimizing the active and passive beamforming and the set of IRSs for assistance. The optimization problem is intractable due to the lack of convexity of the objective function and the binary nature of the IRS selection variables. To tackle the complex non-convex problem, an alternating iterative approach is proposed. In particular, utilizing the fractional programming method to optimize the active and passive beamforming and the optimization of IRS selection is solved by enumerating. Simulation results demonstrate the performance gain of our proposed approach.Comment: 6 pages, 4 figures, accepted by IEEE GLOBECOM 202

    ROI-Constrained Bidding via Curriculum-Guided Bayesian Reinforcement Learning

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    Real-Time Bidding (RTB) is an important mechanism in modern online advertising systems. Advertisers employ bidding strategies in RTB to optimize their advertising effects subject to various financial requirements, especially the return-on-investment (ROI) constraint. ROIs change non-monotonically during the sequential bidding process, and often induce a see-saw effect between constraint satisfaction and objective optimization. While some existing approaches show promising results in static or mildly changing ad markets, they fail to generalize to highly dynamic ad markets with ROI constraints, due to their inability to adaptively balance constraints and objectives amidst non-stationarity and partial observability. In this work, we specialize in ROI-Constrained Bidding in non-stationary markets. Based on a Partially Observable Constrained Markov Decision Process, our method exploits an indicator-augmented reward function free of extra trade-off parameters and develops a Curriculum-Guided Bayesian Reinforcement Learning (CBRL) framework to adaptively control the constraint-objective trade-off in non-stationary ad markets. Extensive experiments on a large-scale industrial dataset with two problem settings reveal that CBRL generalizes well in both in-distribution and out-of-distribution data regimes, and enjoys superior learning efficiency and stability.Comment: Accepted by SIGKDD 202
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