2,170 research outputs found

    LA SCRITTURA CRITICA DI ANNA MARIA FUNDARĂ’: RADICI E IDENTITĂ€ DEL DISEGNO INDUSTRIALE IN SICILIA

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    Questa microstoria prende in analisi gli scritti di Anna Maria Fundarò, architetto e professore di disegno industriale a Palermo dal 1972 al 1999. Custodita nello studio-archivio Damiani-Fundarò di Palermo, la sua ampia produzione scientifica permette di ricostruire il pensiero dell’autrice, maturato nel ventennio 1970-90, sui temi del progetto e del suo ruolo nel contesto siciliano anomalo, perché arretrato e periferico rispetto ai centri della produzione industriale e del dibattito sulla contemporaneità. L’articolo presenta la figura della Fundarò, abbozzandone una prima biografia intellettuale e ricompone in quattro diverse tipologie di scritti la sua ricca produzione. Dall’analisi dei testi emerge una scrittura critica che costituisce il manifesto della sua azione quotidiana di docente di progetto e il suo impegno sui temi della politica urbana a Palermo. Al contempo, si evidenzia come il suo pensiero sul design, finora molto poco studiato, costituisca un contributo rilevante a livello nazionale e una pietra miliare nel contesto siciliano

    La Direttiva 2008/104/Ce relativa al lavoro tramite agenzia interinale: aspetti problematici e modelli di implementazione. WP CSDLE “Massimo D’Antona”.INT – 101/2013 = Directive 2008/104/EC relating to work via temporary agency: aspects problematic and implementation models. WP CSDLE “Massimo D’Antona”.INT – 101/2013

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    L’adozione di una comune regolamentazione in materia di lavoro tramite agenzia interinale nell’ambito dell’Unione europea è stata il frutto di un cammino molto accidentato, caratterizzato da numerose criticità che hanno reso problematico anche la fase di trasposizione negli ordinamenti nazionali. La Direttiva 2008/104/Ce, adottata il 19 novembre 2008 dal Parlamento e dal Consiglio dell’Unione europea, disciplina il lavoro tramite agenzia interinale. Si è giunti alla sua approvazione attraverso due fasi, il tentativo negoziale e l’intervento legislativo vero e proprio. La ricostruzione del processo di approvazione non si impone solo per completezza espositiva, ma in questo ambito è più che mai necessaria poiché dal tormento iter si ricavano le difficoltà che ancora oggi persistono nell’implementazione interna. Prima di questa gestazione bifasica l’obiettivo di regolare questa forma di impiego è stato sempre presente nell’agenda delle istituzioni europee, pur se è mancato il necessario pragmatismo per giungere a soluzioni condivise. Si tratta di una lunga storia che ha inizio con la Risoluzione del 18 dicembre 1979 in materia di ristrutturazione del tempo di lavoro, ma che si è sviluppata nel corso degli anni sotto l’influsso dei diversi approcci politici e dei limiti istituzionali che hanno condizionato le politiche sociali europee

    What ECB speeches tell us about the battle of ideas during the Eurozone crisis

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    A battle of ideas dominated the academic debate on the Eurozone crisis. One view stressed the importance of fiscal discipline, while the other highlighted the systemic roots of financial turmoil. Drawing on a new study based on a quantitative text analysis of ECB Executive Board members’ speeches, Federico Maria Ferrara shows how the ECB progressively moved from a fiscal to systemic narrative of the Eurozone crisis. The findings indicate that this shift anticipated and accompanied ECB President Mario Draghi’s “whatever it takes” pledge in summer 2012, and that the ECB’s ideational turn was incremental and driven by policy learning dynamics

    The Cultural Heritage to improve skills and to create a bridge between school and museum

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    Cultural heritage education can provide information in different fields due to different ways one can use to approach them, depending on the context: given its nature, it can in fact represent both object of study, meaning and aim. This means that cultural heritage allows for a multidisciplinary approach, being related to several aspects of human life. This is a fundamental feature when it is employed in the school environment. Starting from these assumptions, we present the project Observing artwork as a form of education for learning and citizenship, started in the school year 2015/2016. This project has proposed a practice allowing for the use of cultural heritage within classrooms as a multidisciplinary learning tool, by means of the Visual Thinking Strategies (VTS) method. VTS focus on the learner, placing him at the centre of the learning process. The student, by means of his knowledge and experiences, constructs the meaning of image represented by an artwork, cooperating with his classmates, aiming at learning to learn. Hence, it is a method that addresses the needs of the application of the constructivist theory in the learning environment. In order to bring cultural heritage inside classrooms, educational activities are carried out using digital resources, such as visual artworks repositories, and technological devices, like interactive whiteboards displaying pictures employed for the VTS practice

    New Cities Subway, Virtuous Trials or "Routes Tortuous"?

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    The enunciation of the concept of metropolitan city has been fed by a series of contributions and debates, not only from architects, but also from jurists, and experienced of territorial planning, which in the processes of depth change of the metropolitan phenomenon they have determined considerable transformations becoming motor of new organizations and setting different problems of management, as well as baiting renewed dynamics among political and social strengths. The urbanization of large urban areas, affecting rural depopulation and the sub explosion. urban. Large metropolitan areas are composed of: - high concentration areas; - large centers; - the bleak suburbs; - low-density areas; - densely populated urban environments that coexist in a sub dominance condition between them, in which the conditions of life appear to be extremely uncomfortable. When experience these conditions we see, not only the immigration process of rural areas to the city, but the immigration of masses of people who every day have to face the city, this involves economic, social and cultural rights in many civilizations and historical periods have occurred and have been a key feature in modern society unprecedented. These migrations are in the "metropolis" the focal point, in the sub urban fringe (with populations residing outside the administrative border spread like wildfire) where the attraction of the city center with degrades degrade the environment for the urbanization great masses. Big cities do not limit its effect modifiers within their administrative boundaries traced by politics, they shall obtain zoning and economic forces work of integration, in whole or in part, in economic, social and cultural system and have their focal point in metropolis. The densification in the administrative boundaries of the city until the collapse of urbanization in large areas, are processes that have taken significant pace in the big cities, in commercial ports and in the capitals. The phenomenon has brought with it an extensive transformation of urban centers, the protagonists of a poorly controlled development, which led to growing problems of public services, traffic, transport, housing and pollution. No wonder that the first proposals that have contributed to the emergence of metropolitan areas come from one of the countries that experienced the first industrial revolution, namely the United Kingdom. Scholars agree that the phenomenon has also spread to many European cities, which turn out to be more modest size compared to cities in the United States, Japan and other countries, distinguishing itself in the inequality of the size ranking of cities. In the Mediterranean countries, urbanization has been more delayed and based on industrial bases in most popular way, especially on the tertiary development

    Cost optimal nZEBs in future climate scenarios

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    The key-concepts of nearly Zero Energy Building (nZEB) and cost optimality have driven many research activities across Europe in recent years. Considering the ongoing global changes, it is necessary to study and guarantee the resilience of the nZEB design to the variations of the boundary conditions in which the cost optimal calculation is performed. We present the analysis of the variation of the cost-optimal design of a single-family house in a continental climate (Paris) in different climate change scenarios in the short-medium term (2026-2045). The main finding from the results analysis is that the higher the energy performance, the higher is the resilience to the variation of weather conditions

    Does clarity make central banks more engaging? Lessons from ECB communications

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    Despite increasing communication efforts, it may be difficult for central banks to engage the public, as their language is often too difficult to understand for most citizens. Focusing on the case of the European Central Bank (ECB), we hypothesise that greater communication clarity is conducive to stronger engagement. We rely on readability metrics to measure the clarity of ECB communications. We show that communication clarity is a significant and robust predictor of the media engagement generated by the ECB with its speeches, press conferences and tweets. Our findings are validated by a placebo test and have significant policy implications for central bank communication

    Stimulated Raman Scattering in Micro- and Nanophotonics

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    Micro- and nanophotonics explore behavior of light on the micro-/nanoscale and the interaction of micro-/nanoobjects with light. The driving force for their development is the aim to go beyond the limit of photonics. Because of the diffraction limit, photonics components are not able to confine light to the microscale or nanoscale dimension; therefore, one of the key challenges for micro- and nanophotonics is a reduction in the size of integrated optical devices, while maintaining a high level of performance. As far as light amplifiers and laser sources based on stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) are concerned, important accomplishments have been achieved in the fields of fiber optics amplification and integrated photonics devices. In this chapter, the most interesting investigations in the field of stimulated Raman scattering in micro- and nanophotonics are reviewed. These findings provide promising perspectives for integrated micro-/nano-Raman lasers
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