3,916 research outputs found

    Energy and structure of dilute hard- and soft-sphere gases

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    The energy and structure of dilute hard- and soft-sphere Bose gases are systematically studied in the framework of several many-body approaches, as the variational correlated theory, the Bogoliubov model and the uniform limit approximation, valid in the weak interaction regime. When possible, the results are compared with the exact diffusion Monte Carlo ones. A Jastrow type correlation provides a good description of the systems, both hard- and soft-spheres, if the hypernetted chain energy functional is freely minimized and the resulting Euler equation is solved. The study of the soft-spheres potentials confirms the appearance of a dependence of the energy on the shape of the potential at gas paremeter values of x∼0.001x \sim 0.001. For quantities other than the energy, such as the radial distribution functions and the momentum distributions, the dependence appears at any value of xx. The occurrence of a maximum in the radial distribution function, in the momentum distribution and in the excitation spectrum is a natural effect of the correlations when xx increases. The asymptotic behaviors of the functions characterizing the structure of the systems are also investigated. The uniform limit approach results very easy to implement and provides a good description of the soft-sphere gas. Its reliability improves when the interaction weakens.Comment: Accepted in Phys. Rev.

    The confining trailing string

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    We extend the holographic trailing string picture of a heavy quark to the case of a bulk geometry dual to a confining gauge theory. We compute the classical trailing confining string solution for a static as well as a uniformly moving quark. The trailing string is infinitely extended and approaches a confining horizon, situated at a critical value of the radial coordinate, along one of the space-time directions, breaking boundary rotational invariance. We compute the equations for the fluctuations around the classical solutions, which are used to obtain boundary force correlators controlling the Langevin dynamics of the quark. The imaginary part of the correlators has a non-trivial low-frequency limit, which gives rise to a viscous friction coefficient induced by the confining vacuum. The vacuum correlators are used to define finite-temperature dressed Langevin correlators with an appropriate high-frequency behavior.Comment: 63 pages plus appendices, 19 figures; version accepted for publication in JHE

    Ground state properties and excitation spectrum of a two dimensional gas of bosonic dipoles

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    We present a quantum Monte Carlo study of two-dimensional dipolar Bose gases in the limit of zero temperature. The analysis is mainly focused on the anisotropy effects induced in the homogeneous gas when the polarization angle with respect to the plane is changed. We restrict our study to the regime where the dipolar interaction is strictly repulsive, although the strength of the pair repulsion depends on the vector interparticle distance. Our results show that the effect of the anisotropy in the energy per particle scales with the gas parameter at low densities as expected, and that this scaling is preserved for all polarization angles even at the largest densities considered here. We also evaluate the excitation spectrum of the dipolar Bose gas in the context of the Feynman approximation and compare the results obtained with the Bogoliubov ones. As expected, we find that these two approximations agree at very low densities, while they start to deviate from each other as the density increases. For the largest densities studied, we observe a significant influence of the anisotropy of the dipole-dipole interaction in the excitation spectrum.Comment: 6 pages, 6 figure
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