12,073 research outputs found

    Rashba spin-orbit interaction in graphene armchair nanoribbons

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    We study graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) with armchair edges in the presence of Rashba spin-orbit interaction (RSOI). We impose the boundary conditions on the tight binding Hamiltonians for bulk graphene with RSOI by means of a sine transform and study in detail the influence of RSOI on the spectra and the spin polarization. We show that the spin polarization perpendicular to the GNR changes sign when reversing the momentum along the GNR if the bands are coupled by strong RSOI. Furthermore, we derive a linearized approximation to the RSOI Hamiltonian and find that only the neighboring modes of an energy band have to be taken into account in order to achieve a good approximation for the same band. Due to their experimental availability and various proposals for engineering appropriate RSOI, GNRs with armchair edges are a promising candidate for possible spintronics applications.Comment: added journal reference, small updates, 9 pages, 8 figure

    Signatures of Confinement in Axial Gauge QCD

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    A comparative dynamical study of axial gauge QED and QCD is presented. Elementary excitations associated with particular field configurations are investigated. Gluonic excitations analogous to linearly polarized photons are shown to acquire infinite energy. Suppression of this class of excitations in QCD results from quantization of the chromelectric flux and is interpreted as a dual Meissner effect, i.e. as expulsion from the QCD vacuum of chromo-electric fields which are constant over significant distances. This interpretation is supported by a comparative evaluation of the interaction energy of static charges in the axial gauge representation of QED and QCD.Comment: 22 pages (no figures

    Confinement from Instantons or Merons

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    In contrast to ensembles of singular gauge instantons, which are well known to fail to produce confinement, it is shown that effective theories based on ensembles of merons or regular gauge instantons do produce confinement. Furthermore, when the scale is set by the string tension, the action density, topological susceptibility, and glueball masses are similar to those arising in lattice QCD.Comment: 3 pages, 5 figures. Talk given at Lattice2004 (topology and confinement) Fermilab June 21-26, 200

    Analysis of light scattering off photonic crystal slabs in terms of Feshbach resonances

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    Techniques to deal with Feshbach resonances are applied to describe resonant light scattering off one dimensional photonic crystal slabs. Accurate expressions for scattering amplitudes, free of any fitting parameter, are obtained for isolated as well as overlapping resonances. They relate the resonance properties to the properties of the optical structure and of the incident light. For the most common case of a piecewise constant dielectric function, the calculations can be carried out essentially analytically. After establishing the accuracy of this approach we demonstrate its potential in the analysis of the reflection coefficients for the diverse shapes of overlapping, interacting resonances.Comment: 12 pages, 5 figure

    Quantum Electrodynamics in the Light-Front Weyl Gauge

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    We examine QED(3+1) quantised in the `front form' with finite `volume' regularisation, namely in Discretised Light-Cone Quantisation. Instead of the light-cone or Coulomb gauges, we impose the light-front Weyl gauge A‚ąí=0A^-=0. The Dirac method is used to arrive at the quantum commutation relations for the independent variables. We apply `quantum mechanical gauge fixing' to implement Gau{\ss}' law, and derive the physical Hamiltonian in terms of unconstrained variables. As in the instant form, this Hamiltonian is invariant under global residual gauge transformations, namely displacements. On the light-cone the symmetry manifests itself quite differently.Comment: LaTeX file, 30 pages (A4 size), no figures. Submitted to Physical review D. January 18, 1996. Originally posted, erroneously, with missing `Weyl' in title. Otherwise, paper is identica

    Scaling Invariance in a Time-Dependent Elliptical Billiard

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    We study some dynamical properties of a classical time-dependent elliptical billiard. We consider periodically moving boundary and collisions between the particle and the boundary are assumed to be elastic. Our results confirm that although the static elliptical billiard is an integrable system, after to introduce time-dependent perturbation on the boundary the unlimited energy growth is observed. The behaviour of the average velocity is described using scaling arguments

    The Center-Symmetric Phase of QCD

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    An investigation of the center symmetric phase of SU(2) QCD is presented. The role of the center-symmetry, the dynamics of Polyakov loops and the structure of Abelian monopoles are studied within the axial gauge representation of QCD. Realization of the center symmetry is shown to result from non-perturbative gauge fixing and concomitant confinement like properties emerging even at the perturbative level are displayed. In an analysis of the Polyakov loop dynamics, non-perturbative gauge fixing is also shown to inevitably lead to singular gauge field configurations whose dynamics are briefly discussed.Comment: 14 pages, Latex. To appear in the Proceedings of the 3rd Workshop on ''Continuous Advances in QCD'', Minneapolis, April 16-19, 199
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