80,169 research outputs found

    S^1-wrapped D3-branes on Conifolds

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    We construct a D3-brane wrapped on S^1, which is fibred over the resolved conifold as its transverse space. Whereas a fractional D3-brane on the resolved conifold is not supersymmetric and has a naked singularity, our solution is supersymmetric and regular everywhere. We also consider an S1S^1-wrapped D3-brane on the resolved cone over T^{1,1}/Z_2, as well as on the deformed conifold. In the former case, we obtain a regular supergravity dual to a certain four-dimensional field theory whose Lorentz and conformal symmetries are broken in the IR region and restored in the UV limit.Comment: Latex, 14 pages, minor correction

    Smooth Cosmologies from M-theory

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    We review two ways in which smooth cosmological evolution between two de Sitter phases can be obtained from M/string-theory. Firstly, we perform a hyperbolic reduction of massive IIA* theory to D=6 N=(1,1) SU(2)xU(1) gauged de Sitter supergravity, which supports smooth cosmological evolution between dS_4 x S^2 and a dS_6-type geometry. Secondly, we obtain four-dimensional de Sitter gravity with SU(2) Yang-Mills gauge fields from a hyperbolic reduction of standard eleven-dimensional supergravity. The four-dimensional theory supports smooth cosmological evolution between dS_2 x S^2 and a dS_4-type geometry. Although time-dependent, these solutions arise from a first-order system via a superpotential construction. For appropriate choices of charges, these solutions describe an expanding universe whose expansion rate is significantly larger in the past than in the future, as required for an inflationary model.Comment: Latex, 7 pages, Contribution to Quantum Theory and Symmetries

    Non-singular Twisted S-branes From Rotating Branes

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    We show that rotating p-brane solutions admit an analytical continuation to become twisted Sp-branes. Although a rotating p-brane has a naked singularity for large angular momenta, the corresponding S-brane configuration is regular everywhere and exhibits a smooth bounce between two phases of Minkowski spacetime. If the foliating hyperbolic space of the transverse space is of even dimension, such as for the twisted SM5-brane, then for an appropriate choice of parameters the solution smoothly flows from a warped product of two-dimensional de Sitter spacetime, five-dimensional Euclidean space and a hyperbolic 4-space in the infinite past to Minkowski spacetime in the infinite future. We also show that non-singular S-Kerr solutions can arise from higher-dimensional Kerr black holes, so long as all (all but one) angular momenta are non-vanishing for even (odd) dimensions.Comment: Latex, 20 page

    Gaussian Effective Potential and the Coleman's normal-ordering Prescription : the Functional Integral Formalism

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    For a class of system, the potential of whose Bosonic Hamiltonian has a Fourier representation in the sense of tempered distributions, we calculate the Gaussian effective potential within the framework of functional integral formalism. We show that the Coleman's normal-ordering prescription can be formally generalized to the functional integral formalism.Comment: 6 pages, revtex; With derivation details and an example added. To appear in J. Phys.

    Bosonic Super Liouville System: Lax Pair and Solution

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    We study the bosonic super Liouville system which is a statistical transmutation of super Liouville system. Lax pair for the bosonic super Liouville system is constructed using prolongation method, ensuring the Lax integrability, and the solution to the equations of motion is also considered via Leznov-Saveliev analysis.Comment: LaTeX, no figures, 11 page

    Using particle shape to induce tilted and bistable liquid crystal anchoring

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    We use Monte Carlo simulations of hard Gaussian overlap (HGO) particles symmetrically confined in slab geometry to investigate the role of particle-substrate interactions on liquid crystalline anchoring. Despite the restriction here to purely steric interactions and smooth substrates, a range of behaviours are captured, including tilted anchoring and homeotropic-planar bistability. These macroscopic behaviours are all achieved through appropriate tuning of the microscopics of the HGO-substrate interaction, based upon non-additive descriptions for the HGO-substrate shape parameter.</p
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