3,566 research outputs found

    The ultimate resolution drift chamber

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    It will be shown that, by collecting on the sense wire all primary ionization and recording the drift times and amplitudes of all individual ionization electrons, spatial resolution and particle identification can be pushed to their theoretical limits of accuracy. Such a method will prove to be ideal for colliders like SuperB , where accuracies of the order of a few percent in dE / dx are required for particle identification, or like the Linear Collider , where the momentum resolution is needed at the level of a few tenths of a percent for 100 GeV / c momenta particles

    New concepts for light mechanical structures of cylindrical drift chambers

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    A significant reduction in the amount of material at the end plates of a drift chamber can be obtained by the simple consideration of separating, in the mechanical structure, the gas containment function from the wire tension support function. According to this scheme, the wires are anchored to a self-sustaining light structure ("wire cage") surrounded by a very thin skin ("gas envelope") of suitable profile to compensate for the gas differential pressure with respect to the outside. The "wire cage" is schematically made of a set of radial spokes, constrained into a polygonal shape at the inner ends and extended to the outer endplate rim, thus subdividing the chamber in identical sectors. The drift chamber is, then, built by stacking up radially, in each of the sectors and between adjacent spokes, printed circuit boards, where the ends of the wires are soldered, alternated with proper spacers, to define the cell width. A system of adjustable tie-rods steers the wire tension to the outer endplate rim, where a rigid cylindrical carbon fibre support structure, bearing the total wire load, is attached. Two thin carbon fibre domes, free to deform under the gas pressure without affecting the wire tension and conveniently shaped to minimize the stress at the inner rim, contribute to the "gas envelope" and, together with an inner thin cylindrical foil and with the outer structural support, enclose the gas volume

    Commissioning of the MEG II tracker system

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    The MEG experiment at the Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI) represents the state of the art in the search for the charged Lepton Flavour Violating (cLFV) μ+→e+γ\mu^+ \rightarrow e^+ \gamma decay. With the phase 1, MEG set the new world best upper limit on the \mbox{BR}(\mu^+ \rightarrow e^+ \gamma) < 4.2 \times 10^{-13} (90% C.L.). With the phase 2, MEG II, the experiment aims at reaching a sensitivity enhancement of about one order of magnitude compared to the previous MEG result. The new Cylindrical Drift CHamber (CDCH) is a key detector for MEG II. CDCH is a low-mass single volume detector with high granularity: 9 layers of 192 drift cells, few mm wide, defined by ∼12000\sim 12000 wires in a stereo configuration for longitudinal hit localization. The filling gas mixture is Helium:Isobutane (90:10). The total radiation length is 1.5×10−31.5 \times 10^{-3} \mbox{X}_0, thus minimizing the Multiple Coulomb Scattering (MCS) contribution and allowing for a single-hit resolution <120< 120 μ\mum and an angular and momentum resolutions of 6 mrad and 90 keV/c respectively. This article presents the CDCH commissioning activities at PSI after the wiring phase at INFN Lecce and the assembly phase at INFN Pisa. The endcaps preparation, HV tests and conditioning of the chamber are described, aiming at reaching the final stable working point. The integration into the MEG II experimental apparatus is described, in view of the first data taking with cosmic rays and μ+\mu^+ beam during the 2018 and 2019 engineering runs. The first gas gain results are also shown. A full engineering run with all the upgraded detectors and the complete DAQ electronics is expected to start in 2020, followed by three years of physics data taking.Comment: 10 pages, 12 figures, 1 table, proceeding at INSTR'20 conference, accepted for publication in JINS

    Single-hit resolution measurement with MEG II drift chamber prototypes

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    Drift chambers operated with helium-based gas mixtures represent a common solution for tracking charged particles keeping the material budget in the sensitive volume to a minimum. The drawback of this solution is the worsening of the spatial resolution due to primary ionisation fluctuations, which is a limiting factor for high granularity drift chambers like the MEG II tracker. We report on the measurements performed on three different prototypes of the MEG II drift chamber aimed at determining the achievable single-hit resolution. The prototypes were operated with helium/isobutane gas mixtures and exposed to cosmic rays, electron beams and radioactive sources. Direct measurements of the single hit resolution performed with an external tracker returned a value of 110 μ\mum, consistent with the values obtained with indirect measurements performed with the other prototypes.Comment: 18 pages, 18 figure

    ATLAS RPC Quality Assurance results at INFN Lecce

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    The main results of the quality assurance tests performed on the Resistive Plate Chamber used by the ATLAS experiment at LHC as muon trigger chambers are reported and discussed. Since July 2004, about 270 RPC units has been certified at INFN Lecce site and delivered to CERN, for being integrated in the final muon station of the ATLAS barrel region. We show the key RPC characteristics which qualify the performance of this detector technology as muon trigger chamber in the harsh LHC enviroments. These are dark current, chamber efficiency, noise rate, gas volume tomography, and gas leakage.Comment: Comments: 6 pages, 1 table, 9 figures Proceedings of XXV Physics in Collision-Prague, Czech Republic, 6-9 July 200

    The front end electronics for the drift chamber readout in MEG experiment upgrade

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    Front-end electronics plays an essential role in drift chambers for time resolution and, therefore, spatial resolution. The use of cluster timing techniques, by measuring the arriving times of all the individual ionization clusters after the first one, may enable to reach resolutions even below 100 μm in the measurement of the impact parameter. A high performance front-end electronics, characterized by low distortion, low noise and a wide bandwidth has been developed with the purpose to implement cluster timing techniques in the new drift chamber for the upgrade of the MEG experiment at Paul Sherrer Institut (CH)

    Design, status and perspective of the Mu2e crystal calorimeter

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    The Mu2e experiment at Fermilab will search for the charged lepton flavor violating process of neutrino-less μ→e\mu \to e coherent conversion in the field of an aluminum nucleus. Mu2e will reach a single event sensitivity of about 2.5⋅10−172.5\cdot 10^{-17} that corresponds to four orders of magnitude improvements with respect to the current best limit. The detector system consists of a straw tube tracker and a crystal calorimeter made of undoped CsI coupled with Silicon Photomultipliers. The calorimeter was designed to be operable in a harsh environment where about 10 krad/year will be delivered in the hottest region and work in presence of 1 T magnetic field. The calorimeter role is to perform μ\mu/e separation to suppress cosmic muons mimiking the signal, while providing a high level trigger and a seeding the track search in the tracker. In this paper we present the calorimeter design and the latest R&\&D results.Comment: 4 pages, conference proceeding for a presentation held at TIPP'2017. To be published on Springer Proceedings in Physic

    A 10-3 drift velocity monitoring chamber

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    The MEG-II experiment searches for the lepton flavor violating decay: mu in electron and gamma. The reconstruction of the positron trajectory uses a cylindrical drift chamber operated with a mixture of He and iC4H10 gas. It is important to provide a stable performance of the detector in terms of its electron transport parameters, avalanche multiplication, composition and purity of the gas mixture. In order to have a continuous monitoring of the quality of gas, we plan to install a small drift chamber, with a simple geometry that allows to measure very precisely the electron drift velocity in a prompt way. This monitoring chamber will be supplied with gas coming from the inlet and the outlet of the detector to determine if gas contaminations originate inside the main chamber or in the gas supply system. The chamber is a small box with cathode walls, that define a highly uniform electric field inside two adjacent drift cells. Along the axis separating the two drift cells, four staggered sense wires alternated with five guard wires collect the drifting electrons. The trigger is provided by two 90Sr weak calibration radioactive sources placed on top of a two thin scintillator tiles telescope. The whole system is designed to give a prompt response (within a minute) about drift velocity variations at the 0.001 level

    ATLAS RPC Cosmic Ray Teststand at INFN Lecce

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    We describe the design and functionality of the cosmic ray teststand built at INFN Lecce for ATLAS RPC quality control assurance.Comment: XXIV Physics in Collisions Conference (PIC04), Boston, USA, June 2004, 3 pages, LaTex, 2 eps figures. MONP0
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