32,279 research outputs found

    Non-perturbative double scaling limits

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    Recently, the author has proposed a generalization of the matrix and vector models approach to the theory of random surfaces and polymers. The idea is to replace the simple matrix or vector (path) integrals by gauge theory or non-linear sigma model (path) integrals. We explain how this solves one of the most fundamental limitation of the classic approach: we automatically obtain non-perturbative definitions in non-Borel summable cases. This is exemplified on the simplest possible examples involving O(N) symmetric non-linear sigma models with N-dimensional target spaces, for which we construct (multi)critical metrics. The non-perturbative definitions of the double scaled, manifestly positive, partition functions rely on remarkable identities involving (path) integrals.Comment: 18 pages, one figur

    Matrix Models, Argyres-Douglas singularities and double scaling limits

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    We construct an N=1 theory with gauge group U(nN) and degree n+1 tree level superpotential whose matrix model spectral curve develops an A_{n+1} Argyres-Douglas singularity. We evaluate the coupling constants of the low-energy U(1)^n theory and show that the large N expansion is singular at the Argyres-Douglas points. Nevertheless, it is possible to define appropriate double scaling limits which are conjectured to yield four dimensional non-critical string theories as proposed by Ferrari. In the Argyres-Douglas limit the n-cut spectral curve degenerates into a solution with n/2 cuts for even n and (n+1)/2 cuts for odd n.Comment: 31 pages, 1 figure; the expression of the superpotential has been corrected and the calculation of the coupling constants of the low-energy theory has been adde

    Microscopic quantum superpotential in N=1 gauge theories

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    We consider the N=1 super Yang-Mills theory with gauge group U(N), adjoint chiral multiplet X and tree-level superpotential Tr W(X). We compute the quantum effective superpotential W_mic as a function of arbitrary off-shell boundary conditions at infinity for the scalar field X. This effective superpotential has a remarkable property: its critical points are in one-to-one correspondence with the full set of quantum vacua of the theory, providing in particular a unified picture of solutions with different ranks for the low energy gauge group. In this sense, W_mic is a good microscopic effective quantum superpotential for the theory. This property is not shared by other quantum effective superpotentials commonly used in the literature, like in the strong coupling approach or the glueball superpotentials. The result of this paper is a first step in extending Nekrasov's microscopic derivation of the Seiberg-Witten solution of N=2 super Yang-Mills theories to the realm of N=1 gauge theories.Comment: 23 pages, 1 figure; typos corrected, version to appear in JHE

    Dynamical aspects of inextensible chains

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    In the present work the dynamics of a continuous inextensible chain is studied. The chain is regarded as a system of small particles subjected to constraints on their reciprocal distances. It is proposed a treatment of systems of this kind based on a set Langevin equations in which the noise is characterized by a non-gaussian probability distribution. The method is explained in the case of a freely hinged chain. In particular, the generating functional of the correlation functions of the relevant degrees of freedom which describe the conformations of this chain is derived. It is shown that in the continuous limit this generating functional coincides with a model of an inextensible chain previously discussed by one of the authors of this work. Next, the approach developed here is applied to a inextensible chain, called the freely jointed bar chain, in which the basic units are small extended objects. The generating functional of the freely jointed bar chain is constructed. It is shown that it differs profoundly from that of the freely hinged chain. Despite the differences, it is verified that in the continuous limit both generating functionals coincide as it is expected.Comment: 15 pages, LaTeX 2e + various packages, 3 figures. The title has been changed and three references have been added. A large part of the manuscript has been rewritten to improve readability. Chapter 4 has been added. It contains the construction of the generating functional without the shish-kebab approximation and a new derivation of the continuous limit of the freely jointed bar chai

    Glueball operators and the microscopic approach to N=1 gauge theories

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    We explain how to generalize Nekrasov's microscopic approach to N=2 gauge theories to the N=1 case, focusing on the typical example of the U(N) theory with one adjoint chiral multiplet X and an arbitrary polynomial tree-level superpotential Tr W(X). We provide a detailed analysis of the generalized glueball operators and a non-perturbative discussion of the Dijkgraaf-Vafa matrix model and of the generalized Konishi anomaly equations. We compute in particular the non-trivial quantum corrections to the Virasoro operators and algebra that generate these equations. We have performed explicit calculations up to two instantons, that involve the next-to-leading order corrections in Nekrasov's Omega-background.Comment: 38 pages, 1 figure and 1 appendix included; v2: typos and the list of references corrected, version to appear in JHE
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