966 research outputs found

    Variable Stars: which Nyquist Frequency ?

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    In the analysis of variable stars, the problem of sampling is central. This article focusses on the determination of the Nyquist frequency. It is well defined in the case of regular sampling. However, the time series of variable stars observations are generally unevenly sampled. Fourier analysis using the spectral window furnishes some clues about the equivalent Nyquist frequency in the irregular case. Often it is pushed very high, and thus very short periods can be detected. A specific example is shown, drawn from MACHO databases.Comment: 4 pages, 5 figures, submitted to A&

    Measurements of streaming motions of the Galactic bar with Red Clump Giants

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    We report a measurement of the streaming motion of the stars in the Galactic bar with the Red Clump Giants (RCGs) using the data of the Optical Gravitational Lensing Experiment II (OGLE-II). We measure the proper motion of 46,961 stars and divide RCGs into bright and faint sub-samples which on average will be closer to the near and far side of the bar, respectively. We find that the far-side RCGs (4,979 stars) have a proper motion of \Delta ~ 1.5 +- 0.11 mas yr^{-1} toward the negative l relative to the near-side RCGs (3,610 stars). This result can be explained by stars in the bar rotating around the Galactic center in the same direction as the Sun with v_b ~ 100 km s^{-1}. In the Disc Star (DS) and Red Giant (RG) samples, we do not find significant difference between bright and faint sub-samples. For those samples \Delta \~ 0.3 +- 0.14 mas yr^{-1} and ~ 0.03 +- 0.14 mas yr^{-1}, respectively. It is likely that the average proper motion of RG stars is the same as that of the Galactic center. The proper motion of DSs with respect to RGs is ~ 3.3 mas yr^{-1} toward positive l. This value is consistent with the expectations for a flat rotation curve and Solar motion with respect to local standard of rest. RGs have proper motion approzimately equal to the average of bright and faint RCGs, which implies that they are on average near the center of the bar. This pilot project demonstrates that OGLE-II data may be used to study streaming motions of stars in the Galactic bar. We intend to extend this work to all 49 OGLE-II fields in the Galactic bulge region.Comment: 7 pages, 9 figures, submitted to MNRA

    Stellar variability in open clusters. I. A new class of variable stars in NGC 3766

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    Aims. We analyze the population of periodic variable stars in the open cluster NGC 3766 based on a 7-year multi-band monitoring campaign conducted on the 1.2 m Swiss Euler telescope at La Silla, Chili. Methods. The data reduction, light curve cleaning and period search procedures, combined with the long observation time line, allow us to detect variability amplitudes down to the milli-magnitude level. The variability properties are complemented with the positions in the color-magnitude and color-color diagrams to classify periodic variable stars into distinct variability types. Results. We find a large population (36 stars) of new variable stars between the red edge of slowly pulsating B (SPB) stars and the blue edge of delta Sct stars, a region in the Hertzsprung-Russell (HR) diagram where no pulsation is predicted to occur based on standard stellar models. The bulk of their periods ranges from 0.1 to 0.7 d, with amplitudes between 1 and 4 mmag for the majority of them. About 20% of stars in that region of the HR diagram are found to be variable, but the number of members of this new group is expected to be higher, with amplitudes below our milli-magnitude detection limit. The properties of this new group of variable stars are summarized, and arguments set forth in favor of a pulsation origin of the variability, with g-modes sustained by stellar rotation. Potential members of this new class of low-amplitude periodic (most probably pulsating) A and late-B variables in the literature are discussed. We additionally identify 16 eclipsing binary, 13 SPB, 14 delta Sct and 12 gamma Dor candidates, as well as 72 fainter periodic variables. All are new discoveries. Conclusions. We encourage to search for the existence of this new class of variables in other young open clusters, especially in those hosting a rich population of Be stars.Comment: Accepted for publication in A&A. Size of pdf file ~7Mo. Figures 12, 13, 14 and in the Appendix are of lower quality. Full quality images published in A&

    Long Song

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    Perfectly Reasonable: The Overextension of Fourth Amendment Privacy Protections to Students and Their Cell Phones

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    Article published in the Michigan State University School of Law Student Scholarship Collection