9 research outputs found

    FAKTOR YANG BERKONTRIBUSI PADA KEIKUSERTAAN SEKTOR FORMAL DALAM SKEMA ASURANSI KESEHATAN SOSIAL: NARATIVE REVIEW

    Get PDF
    Berbagai negara di dunia telah berupaya menuju target Universal health coverage, termasuk negara dengan penghasilan rendah dan menengah. Meskipun bersifat mandatory, sektor formal tidak secara otomatis ikut menjadi peserta dalam asuransi kesehatan sosial. Studi ini bertujuan untuk menggambarkan faktor yang berkontribusi keikusertaan sektor formal dalam asuransi kesehatan sosial. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan naratif review. Studi ini berfokus pada faktor yang ikut berkontribusi pada keikutsertaan sektor formal dalam skema asuransi kesehatan sosial. Kami mengidentifikasi artikel yang terpilih sesuai dengan kriteria inklusi meliputi sektor formal, bahasa inggris dan bahasa Indonesia, mengadopsi asuransi sosial dan artikel yang terbuka untuk diakses. Kami kemudian mengumpulkan artikel terpilih dan akhirnya, kami mensintesis apa saja faktor yang berkontribusi akan kepesertaan sektor formal dalam skema asuransi kesehatan sosial. Kami menemukan bahwa keikutsertaan sektor formal ke dalam asuransi kesehatan sosial berkaitan dengan faktor: skema wajib, pengetahuan sektor usaha/perusahaan, finansial perusahaan, jenis perusahaan, risiko yang mungkin dialami perusahaan dan persepsi terhadap kualitas pelayanan kesehatan yang tersedia. Studi ini menemukan beberapa faktor yang berkontribusi pada keikutsertaan sector usaha dalam asuransi kesehatan sosial. Factor yang bersifat struktur/kebijakan, pengetahuan tentang kebijakan asuransi sosial dan kualitas layanan dari supply side perlu menjadi perhatian pemerintah dalam upaya perluasan pada kelompok ini

    Perceptions of Health Workers regarding the COVID-19 Vaccine Report Application in Ogan Ilir Regency, South Sumatra

    Get PDF
    The Lapor Vaksin COVID-19 Application was developed to support a vaccination coverage surveillance database sourced from community self-report. This application provides data on vaccination coverage and allows users to view updates to educational content about vaccines and visualization of COVID-19 vaccine data in real-time. This study aims to analyze  the perception among health worker about Lapor Vaksin COVID-19 application in the community. This study uses descriptive research with a case study design. This study was conducted in September 2021 through a virtual zoom meeting, in Ogan Ilir Regency, South Sumatra. The research sample was 42 health workers consisting of vaccine officers at the Health Office, RSUD and Puskesmas in Ogan Ilir Regency who were selected by purposive sampling. Data is presented descriptively. Based on the evaluation results of the application's use, more than half of the respondents were quite satisfied (52.4%) with the Lapor Vaksin COVID-19 application. This application can be used and developed as an alternative to the COVID-19 surveillance database

    The Establishment of Poskestren (Islamic Boarding School Health Center) at Kampung At-Tauhid Islamic Boarding School, Ogan Ilir Regency

    Get PDF
    Health issues are important in the world of education, including in Islamic boarding schools. To support the health status of santri (students at the Islamic boarding school), Islamic boarding schools need to facilitate them through Pos kesehatan pesantren or Poskestren (Islamic Boarding School Health Center). This community service aimed to establish a Poskestren at an Islamic boarding school. The methods adopted in this community service included advocacy, education, socialization, promotion, and empowerment for santri. This study used action research design. There is collaborative between researcher and student in Islamic boarding school. We collected data by survey, taking action and evaluating action. Data analysed used descriptive. The result of this community service showed the establishment of a Poskestren was supported by all parties, and a special room was provided for this health service with the necessary facilities and infrastructure at Kampung At-Tauhid Islamic Boarding School. In addition, this community service also established Kader Santri Husada (Santri Husada Cadres) consisting of nine santri whom the campus and community health center had trained regarding emergencies, use of medical devices, personal hygiene, and prevention of sexually deviant behavior. It is expected that the Poskestren can provide services for all communities at the Islamic boarding school on an ongoing basis. It is also expected that the Islamic boarding school and community health center can continue the development of this Poskestren service

    HUBUNGAN ASUPAN FE DENGAN KEJADIAN ANEMIA DEFISIENSI BESI PADA IBU HAMIL DI KABUPATEN SELUMA

    Get PDF
    Pendahuluan: Pada saat kehamilan terjadi hemodelusi yang mengakibatkan penurunan kadar Hb. Oleh karena itu, konsumsi makanan tinggi zat besi sangat diperlukan pada saat kehamilan. Asupan zat besi yang kurang akan berdampak terhadap defisiensi zat besi dan mengganggu pertumbuhan janin. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis hubungan asupan zat besi dengan kejadian anemia defisiensi besi pada ibu hamil di Kabupaten Seluma. Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif dengan desain cross sectional dengan sampel sebanyak 136 orang ibu hamil dari 4 Puskesmas di Kabupaten Seluma. Pengukuran asupan zat besi menggunakan food recall 3x24 jam, sedangkan penentuan anemia defisiensi besi berdasarkan pengukuran kadar Hb, Fe serum dan TIBC. Analisis data menggunakan uji chi-square dengan software SPSS. Hasil dan Pembahasan: Berdasarkan uji analisis bivariat didapatkan bahwa ada hubungan antara asupan Fe dan kejadian anemia defisiensi besi dengan p-value=0.003 (PR=0.225; 95% CI: 0.078-0.647). Tidak hanya pada responden dengan asupan Fe yang kurang tetapi mayoritas asupan Fe dengan kategori cukup. Kesimpulan: Pada penelitian selanjutnyadapat ditambahkkan variabel yang mempengaruhi asupan Fe sehingga hal yang mempengaruhi antara penyerapan dan kejadian ADB dapat menjadi lebih jelas

    The Use of Contraception in Couples of Reproductive Age During the Covid-19 Pandemic in Indonesia : Literature Review

    Full text link
    Background: The use of contraception is one of the benchmarks for the success of family planning programs. The COVID-19 pandemic has had an impact on people to limit activities outside the home. The appeal from the government also has an impact on the possibility of hampering access to family planning services. The delay in family planning services will lead to a decrease in the use of contraception will ultimately have an impact on the uncontrolled birth rate (Baby Boom). The purpose of this study was to see how the use of contraception in couples of childbearing age during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: This study is a literature review related to the use of EFA contraceptives during the COVID-19 pandemic through the Google Scholar database, PubMed, government publication data. Results: Contraceptive use among new family planning participants decreased in general as well as among MKJP participants in the NTB area. The prevalence of contraceptive use in Indonesia has increased but has not yet reached the national target of 61.8%. In the DIY region, there was a decrease in contraceptive use among active family planning participants, as well as a decrease in the use of pill and injectable contraception. The research conducted in the Kalimantan region found that most women of childbearing age used the contraceptive method with the highest dropout rate, namely the pill. The number of unmet need for family planning in the NTB area has decreased, but the drop out rate for family planning in the early days of the COVID-19 pandemi has increased. Conclusion: The use of contraception during the COVID-19 pandemi in several regions in Indonesia is still fluctuating, but has a tendency to decrease

    Risk Model for Third Hand Smoke Against Health Problems in Children in Palembang City

    No full text
    Introduction The cigarette smoke residue left on home furnishings, clothes and on smokers' bodies is known to have an impact on health, especially toddlers and children. In the long term this exposure triggers the incidence of cancer. Purpose This study aims to determine the risk of third hand smoke in children under five to their health problems in Palembang. Method This study used a cross sectional design in Palembang. The sample amounted to 180 toddlers who were selected using the cluster sampling method. The analysis performed was univariate, bivariate and multivariate analysis of risk factor models. Results Based on the analysis, it is known that respondents who are classified as Third Hand Smoke (THS) have a risk of 2.905 (1,341-6,296) times for experiencing health problems than those who are not classified as THS. After controlling for socio-economic variables, smoker status, gender, child's age, father's attitude, the risk of THS against health problems increased from 8,752 (2,656-28,843). Discussion It is necessary to educate the public, especially fathers, about the dangers of exposure to cigarette smoke residues for children's health problems.Keywords: Third Hand Smoke, Smoker Father, smoke residue, Health ProblemsIntroduction The cigarette smoke residue left on home furnishings, clothes and on smokers' bodies is known to have an impact on health, especially toddlers and children. In the long term this exposure triggers the incidence of cancer. Purpose This study aims to determine the risk of third hand smoke in children under five to their health problems in Palembang. Method This study used a cross sectional design in Palembang. The sample amounted to 180 toddlers who were selected using the cluster sampling method. The analysis performed was univariate, bivariate and multivariate analysis of risk factor models. Results Based on the analysis, it is known that respondents who are classified as Third Hand Smoke (THS) have a risk of 2.905 (1,341-6,296) times for experiencing health problems than those who are not classified as THS. After controlling for socio-economic variables, smoker status, gender, child's age, father's attitude, the risk of THS against health problems increased from 8,752 (2,656-28,843). Discussion It is necessary to educate the public, especially fathers, about the dangers of exposure to cigarette smoke residues for children's health problems.Keywords : Third Hand Smoke, Smoker Father, smoke residue, Health Problem

    Coverage and Factors Related to Early Breastfeeding Initiation in Nusa Tenggara

    No full text
    The Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) is an indicator to assess the degree of public health in a country. One of the efforts to reduce infant mortality is through the promotion of breastfeeding practices. The purpose of this study is to analyze the scope and determinants of IMD implementation in Nusa Tenggara. The design of this study uses a cross-sectional approach. This study analyzed secondary data from the 2017 Indonesian Health Demographic Survey (IDHS). The sample used in this study was women of childbearing age (15-49 years) who have given birth in the last 2 years, have their last child under 6 months old who is still alive, and live with their child with with a total of 603 respondents. Binary logistic regression was used to analyze the data. The results of this study show that 70.8% of respondents carried out the Early Breastfeeding Initiation. Normal delivery has a relationship with the implementation of early breastfeeding initiation in Nusa Tenggara. Socialization and education regarding normal childbirth need to be optimized as an effort to increase early initiation of breastfeeding. Keywords: infant; female; breast feeding; Indonesia; health surve

    OPTIMALISASI PENGETAHUAN REMAJA TERKAIT ANEMIA DAN KONSUMSI TABLET TAMBAH DARAH PADA MASA PANDEMI COVID-19 (OPTIMIZATION OF ADOLESCENT KNOWLEDGE RELATED TO ANEMIA AND BLOOD ADDITIONAL TABLET CONSUMPTION DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC)

    No full text
    Salah satu masalah yang dihadapi remaja Indonesia adalah masalah gizi mikronutrien, yakni sekitar 12% remaja laki-laki dan 23% remaja perempuan mengalami anemia, yang sebagian besar diakibatkan kekurangan zat besi (anemia defisiensi zat besi). Menurut survey daring yang diadakan UNICEF terhadap lebih ari 6.000 anak muda Indonesia, hampir 90% remaja perempuan berhenti mengkonsumsi tablet tambah darah (TTD). Banyak optional program yang dicanangkan pemerintah terkait pemberian TTD. Dalam menjalankan program tersebut, dibutuhkan pemahaman yang baik oleh remaja terkait anemia, TTD dan dampak yang ditimbulkan jika remaja mengalami anemia. Maka dilakukan penyuluhan dan pemberian edukasi bagi remaja agar dapat meningkat pengetahuan remaja mengenai anemia dan pentingnya konsumsi TTD terkhusus bagi remaja putri. Tahap yang dilakukan yaitu pretest, penyuluhan (pembeian edukasi) dan posttest. Terdapat perbedaan pengetahuan yang signifikan sebelum dan setelah dilakukan edukasi kepada remaja mengenai anemia sebagai upaya pencegahan terutama di masa pandemi ini.One of the problems faced by Indonesian youth is the problem of micronutrient nutrition, which is about 12% of boys and 23% of girls experiencing anemia, which is mostly caused by iron deficiency (iron deficiency anemia). According to an online survey conducted by UNICEF of more than 6,000 young Indonesians, almost 90% of teenage girls stopped taking blood-supplementing tablets (TTD). There are many optional programs launched by the government regarding the provision of TTD. In carrying out the program, it is necessary to have a good understanding by adolescents regarding anemia, TTD and the impact if adolescents experience anemia. Therefore, counseling and providing education for adolescents are carried out in order to increase adolescent knowledge about anemia and the importance of consuming iron tablets, especially for young women. The stages carried out are pre-test, counseling (providing education) and post-test. There is a significant difference in knowledge before and after educating adolescents about anemia as a prevention effort, especially during this pandemic

    Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Praktik Personal Hygiene dalam Pencegahan Covid-19 Pada Siswa/i SMA di Kecamatan Kalidoni Palembang : Factors Influencing of Personal Hygiene Practices in Covid-19 Prevention for High School Students in Kalidoni District, Palembang

    No full text
    Latar belakang: Penyakit Covid-19 sudah menjadi ancaman dunia, yang secara cepat menyebar di berbagai negara termasuk Indonesia. Wilayah di Indonesia dengan angka kasus Covid-19 melebihi CFR nasional sebesar 5,1% yaitu provinsi Sumatera Selatan dan Kecamatan Kalidoni merupakan satu di antara kecamatan di Kota Palembang yang masuk kedalam wilayah persebaran Covid-19 yang terus naik dan sudah lebih dari dua ribu kasus. Salah satu yang menjadi faktor penyebab tingginya angka persebaran Covid-19 adalah rendahnya indikator personal hygiene. Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui apa saja yang dapat menjadi faktor yang mempengaruhi praktik personal hygiene Covid-19 pada anak remaja SMA di Kecamatan Kalidoni Palembang. Metode : Penelitian dilakukan dengan menggunakan studi analitik dengan pendekatan cross-sectional. Pengambilan sampel menggunakan teknik Proportional Random Sampling sebanyak 114 responden. Analisis bivariat menggunakan uji chi square dan analisis multivariat untuk melihat variabel yang paling berpengaruh. Hasil: Hasil analisis bivariat menggunakan uji chi square membuktikan bahwa terdapat hubungan antara sikap, peran orang tua, peran teman sebaya dan sarana dan prasarana dengan praktik personal hygiene Covid-19 dengan nilai p-value < 0,05. Hasil analisis multivariat membuktikan bahwa variabel sikap merupakan variabel yang paling berpengaruh terhadap praktik personal hygiene. Kesimpulan: Penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa sikap merupakan faktor dominan yang dapat mempengaruhi praktik personal hygiene Covid-19. Bagi lembaga pendidikan diharapkan untuk mengoptimalkan peran Usaha Kesehatan Sekolah  dan memberikan edukasi kepada anak remaja SMA dalam upaya preventif di masa pandemi Covid-19
    corecore