92 research outputs found

    The Effect of Network and Infrastructural Variables on SPDY's Performance

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    HTTP is a successful Internet technology on top of which a lot of the web resides. However, limitations with its current specification, i.e. HTTP/1.1, have encouraged some to look for the next generation of HTTP. In SPDY, Google has come up with such a proposal that has growing community acceptance, especially after being adopted by the IETF HTTPbis-WG as the basis for HTTP/2.0. SPDY has the potential to greatly improve web experience with little deployment overhead. However, we still lack an understanding of its true potential in different environments. This paper seeks to resolve these issues, offering a comprehensive evaluation of SPDY's performance using extensive experiments. We identify the impact of network characteristics and website infrastructure on SPDY's potential page loading benefits, finding that these factors are decisive for SPDY and its optimal deployment strategy. Through this, we feed into the wider debate regarding HTTP/2.0, exploring the key aspects that impact the performance of this future protocol

    A Preliminary Look into Unsolicited Mobile App Traffic

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    The number of smart devices keeps on growing every year, and with that the potential market for mobile apps. As of May 2016, Google Play hosted 2.6 million apps and had an accumulative total of 65 billion app downloads. Any developer can publish apps through Play, and it is quite prevalent to granting apps permission use the phone's network network interfaces at will and under very limited supervision (beyond overall traffic volume and bitwise access to an interface). This raises the following questions: can certain apps be harmful to users? Should we trust mobile developers to 'do no evil' in terms of the volume and type of traffic their apps generate? We are motivated to identify whether there is a need for more scrutiny on the connections apps make, especially when not in use

    Passive network awareness as a means for improved grid scheduling

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    Grids enable sharing resources of heterogeneous nature and administration. In such distributed systems, the network is usually taken for granted which is potentially problematic due to the complexity and unpredictability of public networks that typically underlie grids. This article introduces GridMAP, a mechanism for considering the network state for enhancing grid scheduling. Network measurements are collected in a passive manner from a user-centric vantage point. This mechanism has been evaluated on a production e-science grid infrastructure, with results showing the ability of GridMAP to improve grid scheduling with minimal network, computational and deployment overheads

    Mapping Cross-Cloud Systems: Challenges and Opportunities

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    Abstract Recent years have seen significant growth in the cloud computing market, both in terms of provider competition (including private offerings) and customer adoption. However, the cloud computing world still lacks adopted standard programming interfaces, which has a knock-on effect on the costs associated with interoperability and severely limits the flexibility and portability of applications and virtual infrastructures. This has brought about an increasing number of cross-cloud architectures, i.e. systems that span across cloud provisioning boundaries. This paper condenses discussions from the CrossCloud event series to outline the types of cross-cloud systems and their associated design decisions, and laments challenges and opportunities they create

    Navigating Diverse Data Science Learning:Critical Reflections Towards Future Practice

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    Data Science is currently a popular field of science attracting expertise from very diverse backgrounds. Current learning practices need to acknowledge this and adapt to it. This paper summarises some experiences relating to such learning approaches from teaching a postgraduate Data Science module, and draws some learned lessons that are of relevance to others teaching Data Science

    Mapping cross-cloud systems:challenges and opportunities

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    Recent years have seen significant growth in the cloud computing market, both in terms of provider competition (including private offerings) and customer adoption. However, the cloud computing world still lacks adopted standard programming interfaces, which has a knock-on effect on the costs associated with interoperability and severely limits the flexibility and portability of applications and virtual infrastructures. This has brought about an increasing number of cross-cloud architectures, i.e. systems that span across cloud provisioning boundaries. This position paper condenses discussions from the CrossCloud event series to outline the types of cross-cloud systems and their associated design decisions, and laments challenges and opportunities they create

    Dataset on usage of a live & VoD P2P IPTV service

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    This paper presents a dataset of user statistics collected from a P2P multimedia service infrastructure that delivers both live and on-demand content in high quality to users via different platforms: PC/Mac, and set top boxes. The dataset covers a period of seven months starting from October 2011, exposing a total of over 94k system statistic reports from thousands of user devices at a fine granularity. Such rich data source is made available to fellow researchers to aid in developing better understanding of video delivery mechanisms, user behaviour, and programme popularity evolution

    Charting an intent driven network

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    The current strong divide between applications and the network control plane is desirable for many reasons; but a downside is that the network is kept in the dark regarding the ultimate purposes and intentions of applications and, as a result, is unable to optimize for these. An alternative approach, explored in this paper, is for applications to declare to the network their abstract intents and assumptions; e.g. "this is a Tweet", or "this application will run within a local domain". Such an enriched semantic has the potential to enable the network better to fulfill application intent, while also helping optimize network resource usage across applications. We refer to this approach as 'intent driven networking' (IDN), and we sketch an incrementally-deployable design to serve as a stepping stone towards a practical realization of the IDN concept within today's Internet

    Disaggregated Memory at the Edge

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    This paper describes how to augment techniques such as Distributed Shared Memory with recent trends on disaggregated Non Volatile Memory in the data centre so that the combination can be used in an edge environment with potentially volatile and mobile resources. This article identifies the main advantages and challenges, and offers an architectural evolution to incorporate recent research trends into production-ready disaggregated edges. We also present two prototypes showing the feasibility of this proposal
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