5,138 research outputs found

    Erratum to "Azimuthal asymmetry in electro-production of neutral pions in semi-inclusive DIS" published in Phys. Lett. B522 (2001) 37

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    We correct our analysis of the HERMES experiment for the azimuthal sin(phi)-spin asymmetry in semi-inclusive hadroproduction in DIS on longitudinally (with respect to the lepton momentum) polarized target because of discovered misprint in sign in the paper P.J.Mulders and R.D.Tangerman, Nucl. Phys. B 461 (1996) 197.Comment: 3 pages, 4 figures. Sign of sin(2phi)-asymmetry correcte

    On the chains of star complexes and superclouds in spiral arms

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    The relation is studied between occurrence of a regular chain of star complexes and superclouds in a spiral arm, and other properties of the latter. A regular string of star complexes is located in the north-western arm of M31; they have about the same size 0.6 kpc with spacing of 1.1 kpc. Within the same arm segment the regular magnetic field with the wavelength of 2.3 kpc was found by Beck et al. (1989). We noted that this wavelength is twice as large as the spacing between complexes and suggested that they were formed in result of magneto-gravitational instability developed along the arm. In this NW arm, star complexes are located inside the gas-dust lane, whilst in the south-western arm of M31 the gas-dust lane is upstream of the bright and uniform stellar arm. Earlier, evidence for the age gradient has been found in the SW arm. All these are signatures of a spiral shock, which may be associated with unusually large (for M31) pitch-angle of this SW arm segment. Such a shock may prevent the formation of the regular magnetic field, which might explain the absence of star complexes there. Anti-correlation between shock wave signatures and presence of star complexes is observed in spiral arms of a few other galaxies. Regular chains of star complexes and superclouds in spiral arms are rare, which may imply that a rather specific mechanism is involved in their formation, and the most probable one is the Parker-Jeans instability. The spiral pattern of our Galaxy is briefly discussed; it may be of M101 type in the outer parts. The regular bi-modal spacing of HI superclouds is found in Carina and Cygnus (Outer) arms, which may be an indirect evidence for the regular magnetic field along these arms.Comment: 20 pages, 12 figures, accepted for publication in MNRA

    Transversity in the chiral quark--soliton model and single spin asymmetries

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    A short review of single spin asymmetries in deep inelastic semi-inclusive processes, connected with prediction of chiral quark-soliton model for the nucleon transversity distributions, its possible theoretical understanding in the framework of QCD-induced approach and arising difficulties is given.Comment: Contribution to the Festschrift on the occasion of Klaus Goeke's 60th birthday, to appear in Annalen der Physik, 13 pages, 15 figure

    RAMPEX - a new spin experiment (presented for HELION97, 20-24 Jan 1997, Kobe, Japan)

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    RAMPEX - Russian-AMerican Polarization EXperiment - is dedicated to studies of one-spin asymmetries which have twist-3 and also twist-2 origin, in hard and semi-hard inclusive processes on the polarized propane-diol target. A special consideration has been given for the prospects of using polarized 3He target. The studies will be performed at the Serpukhov accelerator at 70 GeV/c (proton beam) and 40 GeV/c (pi- beam).Comment: 8 pages, 1 figur

    Sivers vs. Collins effect in azimuthal single spin asymmetries in pion production in SIDIS

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    Recently it has been argued that the transverse momentum dependent twist-2 Sivers distribution function does not vanish in QCD. Therefore both, the Collins and Sivers effects, should be considered in order to explain the azimuthal single spin asymmetries A(UL) in pion production in semi-inclusive deeply inelastic lepton scattering of a longitudinally polarized target. On the basis of presently available phenomenological information on the Sivers function we estimate that for those asymmetries A(UL) in the kinematic region of the HERMES experiments the Sivers effect can be neglected with respect to the Collins effect. It is argued that the same feature holds also for the COMPASS and CLAS experiments. This justifies theoretical approaches to understand the HERMES data on the basis of the Collins effect only.Comment: 8 pages, 4 figures. References added, small changes in text, Appendix adde

    Probing the three-gluon correlation functions by the single spin asymmetry in p^\uparrow p\to DX

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    We study the single transverse-spin asymmetry for the inclusive open-charm production in the pp-collision, p^\uparrow p\to DX, induced by the three-gluon correlation functions in the polarized nucleon. We derive the corresponding twist-3 cross section formula in the leading order with respect to the QCD coupling constant. As in the case of the semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering, ep^\uparrow\to eDX, our result differs from the previous result in the literature. We also derive a "master formula" which expresses the twist-3 cross section in terms of the gg\to c\bar{c} hard scattering cross section. We present a model calculation of the asymmetry at the RHIC energy, demonstrating the sensitivity of the asymmetry on the form of the three-gluon correlation functions.Comment: 25 pages, 7 figures. Final version to appear in PRD. Some changes in the section of numerical calculation include

    Transverse single spin asymmetry in the Drell-Yan process

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    We revisit the transverse single spin asymmetry in the angular distribution of a Drell-Yan dilepton pair. We study this asymmetry by using twist-3 collinear factorization, and we obtain the same result both in covariant gauge and in the light-cone gauge. Moreover, we have checked the electromagnetic gauge invariance of our calculation. Our final expression for the asymmetry differs from all the previous results given in the literature. The overall sign of this asymmetry is as important as the sign of the Sivers asymmetry in Drell-Yan.Comment: 9 page

    New observables in longitudinal single-spin asymmetries in semi-inclusive DIS

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    We analyze longitudinal beam and target single-spin asymmetries in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering and in jet deep inelastic scattering, including all possible twist-3 contributions as well as quark mass corrections. We take into account the path-ordered exponential in the soft correlators and show that it leads to the introduction of a new distribution and a new fragmentation function contributing to the asymmetries.Comment: 8 page
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