9,588 research outputs found

    Stellar Population Challenge: analysis of M67 with the VO

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    In this poster we present the analysis of the CMD of M67 (proposed in the Stellar Population Challenge) performed with VO applications. We found that, although the VO environment is still not ready to perform a complete analysis, its use provides highly useful additional information for the analysis. Thanks to the current VO framework, we are able to identify stars in the provided CMD that are not suitable for isochrone fitting. Additionally, we can complete our knowledge of this cluster extending the analysis to IR colors, which were not provided in the original data but that are available thanks to the VO. On the negative side, we find it difficult to access theoretical data from VO applications, so, currently, it is not possible to perform completely the analysis of the cluster inside the VO framework. However it is expected that the situation will improve in a near future.Comment: Stellar Populations as Building Blocks of Galaxies, Proceedings of IAU Symposium #241. Edited by A. Vazdekis and R. F. Peletier. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007, pp. 173-17

    Generation and purification of maximally-entangled atomic states in optical cavities

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    We present a probabilistic scheme for generating and purifying maximally-entangled states of two atoms inside an optical cavity via no-photon detection in the output cavity mode, where ideal detectors may not be required. The intermediate mixed states can be continuously "filtered" so as to violate Bell inequalities in a parametrized manner. The scheme relies on an additional strong-driving field that yields unusual dynamics in cavity QED experiments, simultaneously realizing Jaynes-Cummings and anti-Jaynes-Cummings interactions.Comment: 4 pages and 3 figure

    Quantum Memristors in Quantum Photonics

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    We propose a method to build quantum memristors in quantum photonic platforms. We firstly design an effective beam splitter, which is tunable in real-time, by means of a Mach-Zehnder-type array with two equal 50:50 beam splitters and a tunable retarder, which allows us to control its reflectivity. Then, we show that this tunable beam splitter, when equipped with weak measurements and classical feedback, behaves as a quantum memristor. Indeed, in order to prove its quantumness, we show how to codify quantum information in the coherent beams. Moreover, we estimate the memory capability of the quantum memristor. Finally, we show the feasibility of the proposed setup in integrated quantum photonics

    Tavis-Cummings model and collective multi-qubit entanglement in trapped ions

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    We present a method of generating collective multi-qubit entanglement via global addressing of an ion chain following the guidelines of the Tavis-Cummings model, where several qubits are coupled to a collective motional mode. We show that a wide family of Dicke states and irradiant states can be generated by single global laser pulses, unitarily or helped with suitable postselection techniques.Comment: 6 pages, 3 figures. Accepted for publication in Physical Review

    Instantaneous Measurement of field quadrature moments and entanglement

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    We present a method of measuring expectation values of quadrature moments of a multimode field through two-level probe ``homodyning''. Our approach is based on an integral transform formalism of measurable probe observables, where analytically derived kernels unravel efficiently the required field information at zero interaction time, minimizing decoherence effects. The proposed scheme is suitable for fields that, while inaccessible to a direct measurement, enjoy one and two-photon Jaynes-Cummings interactions with a two-level probe, like spin, phonon, or cavity fields. Available data from previous experiments are used to confirm our predictions.Comment: 4 pages, no figures, modified version with experimental estimation

    Selective interactions in trapped ions: state reconstruction and quantum logic

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    We propose the implementation of selective interactions of atom-motion subspaces in trapped ions. These interactions yield resonant exchange of population inside a selected subspace, leaving the others in a highly dispersive regime. Selectivity allows us to generate motional Fock (and other nonclassical) states with high purity out of a wide class of initial states, and becomes an unconventional cooling mechanism when the ground state is chosen. Individual population of number states can be distinctively measured, as well as the motional Wigner function. Furthermore, a protocol for implementing quantum logic through a suitable control of selective subspaces is presented.Comment: 4 revtex4 pages and 2 eps figures. Submitted for publicatio

    Noise-Free Measurement of Harmonic Oscillators with Instantaneous Interactions

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    We present a method of measuring the quantum state of a harmonic oscillator through instantaneous probe-system selective interactions of the Jaynes-Cummings type. We prove that this scheme is robust to general decoherence mechanisms, allowing the possibility of measuring fast-decaying systems in the weak-coupling regime. This method could be applied to different setups: motional states of trapped ions, microwave fields in cavity/circuit QED, and even intra-cavity optical fields.Comment: 4 pages, no figure, published in Physical Review Letter
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