106 research outputs found

    Enhancing Energy Security in the European Union:Pathways to Reduce Europe’s Dependence on Russian Gas Imports

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    Should Russia escalate the Ukraine crisis, or threaten other states in post-Soviet space, the EU will need to be able to apply hard-hitting sanctions against Russian energy exports. However, the divergent dependence of European states on Russian gas imports will make it very difficult to achieve consensus on such sanctions. This article analyses the recent measures that the EU Commission has initiated to help reduce the dependence of European states on Russian gas. It explores the scope of EU competence to reduce Member-State dependence on Russian gas in three key areas: promoting the use of renewable and energy efficiency; completing the internal energy market and strengthening the EU’s position vis-à-vis external gas suppliers. The article’s conclusions examine the political factors which will hinder or enable the EU to promote greater gas supply security and highlight the importance of political communication in enhancing EU legal competence in energy security

    The Waltz of Love : Come Let Us Dance

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    https://digitalcommons.library.umaine.edu/mmb-vp/3397/thumbnail.jp

    The imperative for British leadership on pooling and sharing

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    A structured decision approach for integrating and analyzing community perspectives in re-use planning of vacant properties in Cleveland, Ohio

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    An integrated GIS-based, multi-attribute decision model deployed in a web-based platform is presented enabling an iterative, spatially explicit and collaborative analysis of relevant and available information for repurposing vacant land. The process incorporated traditional and novel aspects of decision science, beginning with an analysis of alternatives, building on this analysis with a workshop to elucidate opinions and concerns from key decision-makers relevant to the problem at hand, then expanded by extracting and compiling fundamental objectives from existing planning efforts and previously published long-term goals. The model was then constructed as an open-source, web-based software platform for use as a process for exploring, evaluating, comparing, and optimizing fundamental, strategic, and means objectives. The resulting beta model, MURL-CLE, is intended to allow all interested parties, from stakeholders to decision makers, to consider alternative options for reuse of vacant land in a neighborhood in Cleveland, OH and to do so in a deliberative, transparent, and defensible process. The beta model is intended to be a platform for growth as a decision science tool and to provide a reproducible mechanism for considering any complex decision that attempts to incorporate multiple competing objectives and to allow an iterative process, as opposed to a prescribed solution or ranking of alternatives, for community decision making
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