7 research outputs found

    Identification of wild-type transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome surgery (CACTuS)

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    AIMS: Wild-type transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis (ATTRwt) is an infiltrative cardiomyopathy with a poor prognosis. The condition is associated with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), which often precedes the ATTRwt diagnosis by several years. The aim of the study was (i) to screen patients with a recent history of CTS for ATTRwt using red flags, (ii) to determine whether patients with screened ATTRwt had less advanced disease compared with patients with clinical ATTRwt, and (iii) to assess the sensitivity and specificity of known red flags in ATTRwt. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients aged ≥60 years at the time of CTS surgery were invited for screening. Red flags were defined as elevated biomarker levels of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) or cardiac troponin, an electrocardiogram pattern associated with ATTRwt, left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), and impaired longitudinal strain with apical sparring. All patients with a red flag were referred for a diagnostic scintigraphy. Patients with ATTRwt diagnosed by screening were compared with patients with clinical ATTRwt (n = 51) matched by age, gender, and CTS surgery. Among the 120 enrolled subjects (mean age 74.5 years, 90% male), the suspicion of ATTR was raised in 67 (55.8%), and 10 (8.3%) were diagnosed with ATTRwt. Patients identified with ATTRwt were predominantly asymptomatic and had mildly elevated NT-proBNP, mildly increased LVH, preserved left ventricular ejection fraction, and systolic longitudinal function, which differed significantly from clinical ATTRwt controls (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The study found an ATTRwt prevalence of 8.3% in a population of age and gender-selected patients with a recent history of CTS. The identified patients with ATTRwt had less structural and functional cardiac involvement than clinical ATTRwt controls

    Risks of Ventricular Arrhythmia and Heart Failure in Carriers of RBM20 Variants

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    BACKGROUND: Variants in RBM20 are reported in 2% to 6% of familial cases of dilated cardiomyopathy and may be associated with fatal ventricular arrhythmia and rapid heart failure progression. We sought to determine the risk of adverse events in RBM20 variant carriers and the impact of sex on outcomes. METHODS: Consecutive probands and relatives carrying RBM20 variants were retrospectively recruited from 12 cardiomyopathy units. The primary end point was a composite of malignant ventricular arrhythmia (MVA) and end-stage heart failure (ESHF). MVA and ESHF end points were also analyzed separately and men and women compared. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) contemporary to MVA was examined. RBM20 variant carriers with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (RBM20LVSD) were compared with variant-elusive patients with idiopathic left ventricular systolic dysfunction. RESULTS: Longitudinal follow-up data were available for 143 RBM20 variant carriers (71 men; median age, 35.5 years); 7 of 143 had an MVA event at baseline. Thirty of 136 without baseline MVA (22.0%) reached the primary end point, and 16 of 136 (11.8%) had new MVA with no significant difference between men and women (log-rank P=0.07 and P=0.98, respectively). Twenty of 143 (14.0%) developed ESHF (17 men and 3 women; log-rank P&lt;0.001). Four of 10 variant carriers with available LVEF contemporary to MVA had an LVEF &gt;35%. At 5 years, 15 of 67 (22.4%) RBM20LVSD versus 7 of 197 (3.6%) patients with idiopathic left ventricular systolic dysfunction had reached the primary end point (log-rank P&lt;0.001). RBM20 variant carriage conferred a 6.0-fold increase in risk of the primary end point. CONCLUSIONS: RBM20 variants are associated with a high risk of MVA and ESHF compared with idiopathic left ventricular systolic dysfunction. The risk of MVA in male and female RBM20 variant carriers is similar, but male sex is strongly associated with ESHF.</p

    Incidence and predictors of worsening heart failure in patients with wild‐type transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis

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    Abstract Background Prognostic markers of survival have been identified in wild‐type transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTRwt), but limited data exist with respect to hospitalizations with worsening heart failure (WHF). Predictive markers of WHF have yet to be identified. Methods From April 2017 to February 2021, 104 patients with ATTRwt were diagnosed and prospectively followed from the time of diagnosis to the time of death or the censoring date of 1 February 2021. Baseline patient characteristics, biomarkers, and advanced echocardiography were used to predict hospitalization with WHF. Results During the median follow‐up period of 23 months, 51% of patients were hospitalized due to WHF. Seventy‐three per cent of patients with WHF were admitted at least twice. Patients with WHF during the first year had significantly poorer survival (P < 0.001). Independent predictors of WHF during follow‐up were pacemaker implantation prior to diagnosis (PMI, P = 0.037) and right atrial volume index (RAVi, P = 0.008). Patients with PMI had a higher left ventricular mass index and poorer left ventricular and right ventricular systolic function indicating a more advanced stage of amyloid disease. Conclusions A high incidence and recurrence of hospital admissions with WHF were demonstrated in contemporary patients with ATTRwt, which was associated with reduced survival. Patients with pacemaker devices prior to ATTRwt diagnosis experienced more frequent hospitalizations with WHF. PMI and right atrial enlargement were identified as independent predictors of WHF during follow‐up

    Transthyretin Gene Variants and Associated Phenotypes in Danish Patients with Amyloid Cardiomyopathy

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    Genotyping divides transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis (ATTR-CA) in hereditary (ATTRv) and wild type (ATTRwt) forms. This study investigated the prevalence and clinical presentation of ATTRv in a contemporary cohort of consecutive ATTR-CA patients diagnosed at a tertiary Danish amyloidosis center. Age at diagnosis, clinical- and echocardiographic data, and transthyretin (TTR) genotype were recorded. Relatives of ATTRv patients underwent clinical phenotyping and predictive gene testing. Genetic testing in 102 patients identified four TTR variant carriers: p.Pro63Ser, p.Ala65Ser (n = 2) and p.Val142Ile. The mean age of ATTRv index patients was significantly lower compared to ATTRwt patients: 70.2 &plusmn; 1.2 versus 80.0 &plusmn; 6.2, p-value: 0.005. Evaluation of ATTRv families identified seven TTR variant carriers with a median age of 65 years (range 48&ndash;76) and three were diagnosed with ATTR-CA by DPD-scintigraphy. Family members with ATTR-CA were all asymptomatic and had normal levels of cardiac biomarkers. In conclusion, the prevalence of ATTRv in a contemporary Danish ATTR-CA cohort is 4%. ATTRv index patients were significantly younger age at diagnosis than ATTRwt patients. Non-p.Leu131Met TTR variants have reduced penetrance at the age of 65 years in which approximately half of variant carriers have asymptomatic ATTR-CA with normal LV systolic function and cardiac biomarker analyses
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