21 research outputs found

    Preservation of Privacy of Big Data Using Efficient Anonymization Technique

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    Big data needs to be retained private because of the increase in the amount of data. Data is generated from social networks, organizations and various other ways, which is known as big data. Big data requires large storage as well as high computational power. At every stage, the data needs to be protected. Privacy preservation plays an important role in keeping sensitive information protected and private from any attack. Data anonymization is one of the techniques to anonymize data to keep it private and protected, which includes suppression, generalization, and bucketization. It keeps personal and private data anonymous from being known by others. But when it is implemented on big data, these techniques cause a great loss of information and also fail in defense of the privacy of big data. Moreover, for the scenario of big data, the anonymization should not only focus on hiding but also on other aspects. This paper aims to provide a technique that uses slicing, suppression, and functional encryption together to achieve better privacy of big data with data anonymization

    PREVALENCE OF STRESS AND ITS CAUSES AMONG MEDICAL STUDENTS

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    Objective: Determining the prevalence of stress among medical students and determining the relationship between anxiety, Academic year, Grades, Physical issues and consistency. Methodology: 500 medical students were enrolled in this study from July 2017 to June 2018. They were attending 1st,2nd ,3rd ,4th and the final years of medical studies. They were requested to finish stress inventory. Setting and type: It is a cross sectional type of study done in the University of Lahore, college of medicine. Results: In the wake of getting 80% response rate, up to 400 responses from the students were recorded. 60% subjects were found with a wide range of stress while serious stress was seen in 23% of the cases. A critical relationship was found between study years and levels of stress. The relationship between levels of stress and academic performance and grades was not found factually considerable as dissemination of stress prevalence was not impressively disparate over each of 04 academic grades. Fundamental reason of stress was their studies (63.30%). In 3.6% cases the reason was personal issues or domestic environment. Of the patients enrolled 38.9% of cases didn’t show any other main reason of stress. Conclusion: During first three preliminary years of medical studies, severe mental stress was seen in students. It might be the reason for challenge to students, failure of support service delivery to alleviate mental issue and provide them with common health ways to cope with such issues

    A CROSS-SECTIONAL RESEARCH STUDY TO EVALUATE VARIOUS CLASSES OF KENNEDY'S TAXONOMY AMONG PATIENTS OF PARTIALLY EDENTULOUS

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    Objective: The objective of this particular research was to evaluate various Kennedy’s classes incidence in the patients having partially edentulous and presented themselves at our hospital. Methodology: We carried out this cross-sectional research at Services Hospital, Lahore from February to August 2017 on a total of 300 patients. Every patient was included in this research after fulfilling the set research criteria. We carried out a clinical assessment of every patient and documented every required detail on a Proforma. Results: In the total research sample, there were 173/300 males (57.66%) and 127/300 females (42.33%); the ratio of females to males was (1:1.3). The patients were enrolled in the age bracket of 15 years – 75 years with a mean age of (47 ± 7.8) years. Clinical assessment revealed that 180/300 patients were missing their teeth in the mandibular arch (60%), while 120/300 patients were missing teeth in the maxillary arch (40%). Most of the patients had missing teeth from the left side, such patients were 128/300 (42.66%), followed by the patients missing their teeth from right side 144/300 (38%) and 58/300 with teeth missing from the anterior site (19.33%). In terms of Kennedy’s Classification, we revealed that there were 97 patients in Class – I (32.33%), 47 patients in Class – II (15.66%), 99 patients in Class – III (33%) and 57 patients in Class – IV (19%). Conclusion: It is concluded that there is a common existence of a partially edentulous condition in the mandibular site than the maxillary arch site. In terms of Kennedy’s Class, Class I & III were the most repeated classes with the respective proportion of 33% and 32.33%. Keywords: Kennedy’s Classes, Incidence, Mandibular, Maxillary, Arch and Partially Edentulous

    Subjective Knowledge and The Antecedent-Mediator Relationship of TPB In Female Adolescence: Healthy Eating Intentions Prediction

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    Purpose: This study aims to examine the predictors of intentions towards healthy eating (HE) behavior by applying the theory of planned behavior. It also aims to verify the way subjective knowledge about healthy eating moderates the attitude-intentions, subjective norms-intentions, and perceived behavioral control-intentions relationships. Methodology: The study employs a survey research design in which data is collected via self-administered structured questionnaires. The sample size was 404 female adolescences of 15-19 years. SPSS version 21, SMART PLS version 3, and AMOS version 20 were used to analyze the reliability, validity, measurement, and structural models. Findings: Family environment, as well as Parental norms and conformity towards those, are stronger to shape positive intentions towards, HE than other societal members’ norms. Perceived behavioral control of HE is not a significant antecedent of HE intentions which might be due to the contingency effect of subjective knowledge. Subjective knowledge about HE moderating the attitude-intentions, subjective norms-intentions, and perceived behavioral control-intentions relationships as proposed. Conclusion: This is the novelty of the present work in that it has presented the moderating role of subjective knowledge about HE on the aforementioned relationships of TPB and cultivated significant results out of it. TPB is extended and delivered that overall model contributed 65% of the variance in determining HE intentions by attitude, subjective norms, and behavioral control

    DESIGN, FABRICATION AND EVALUATION OF ROTARY HOT-AIR DRYER FOR THE VALUE ADDITION OF FRUIT WASTE

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    Citrus waste is solid residue that remains after fresh fruits are squeezed for their juices. Pakistan is among the top ten citrus producing countries in the world. Pakistan is contributing 2.16 million tons per annum in fruit waste generation. Fresh food waste is often used locally to feed animals as milk enhancer. When fresh fruit are squeezed, a solid residue is produced which is commonly known as citrus waste. Fresh citrus waste has a natural acidity, but it is still a perishable product due to its high moisture content and soluble sugar. Dehydration method is usually applied for the removal of moisture content up to less than 10 % to increases the shelf life for easy handling and transportation. The present study enables the design of a rotary-hot air dryer having an internal rotating body. The drying efficiency increased with the increase in the internal temperature and the air flow rate in the rotary drum, while the drying efficiency decreases with increasing the drum speed. The drying process provided the optimal results with respect to drying time and Vitamin C concentration. The present designed hot-air dryer provides fundamentals for fruit pulp industry who can easily adopt this technology. This dryer can be installed within pulp industry and waste can be processed at source point. The dehydration process increases the shelf life of citrus fruit waste and it will be available throughout the year around the country. The dehydrated material can enhance the milk quantity of animal

    Impact of Brand Loyalty in Assessing Purchase Intentions of a Customer: A Study of Automobile Industry in South Asian Perspective

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    In this modern age, brands are more concentrating on consumers’ quality of life style as these reflect their status symbol or social class through the company’s products. The current study is aimed to check the effect of brand name, awareness, and price and brand quality on the brand loyalty of the product of automobiles, after that brand loyalty effect is examined on the product purchase intention specifically in South Asian context. For checking the effect of the variables brand name, brand awareness, brand price and brand quality were considered as independent variables and brand loyalty was considered as a dependent variable. The study was correlational as it shows the relationship of different dependent and independent variables. This study has been conducted through a survey design. The population was considered as the citizens of Bahawalpur, one of the oldest stateS in South Asian region and for the data collection random sampling technique was used. A total number of 300 questionnaires were distributed randomly to the users of automobile in the Bahawalpur out of which 287 responses were received after deducting the omission and errors. Different hypotheses were tested in this research for relationships of variables, out of which five were accepted and the one which was about the effect of brand price on brand loyalty was rejected. The collected data were analyzed after using different statistical techniques and it shows that brand awareness, name, quality has a direct and positive impact on the brand loyalty of the product and on the other hand there is also a positive effect of brand loyalty on the purchase intention of the product

    Association of Stress, Knowledge Management, and Change with Organizational Effectiveness in Education Sector of Pakistan

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    The purpose of this study is to analyze the impact of organizational stress, knowledge management, and organizational change on organizational effectiveness. A valid questionnaire was distributed to administrative staff and faculty members of different educational institutes. 100 questionnaires were distributed in public and private educational sectors. 75 complete questionnaires were received at response rate of 75%. A non probability random sampling technique was used to select the sample. Pearson’s moment correlation and linear regression was applied to study the relationship between organizational stress, knowledge management, organizational change and organizational effectiveness. Results show significant relationship of factors and positive impact on organizational effectiveness. This research also discusses practical implicatios and research limitations.&nbsp

    اسلامی ثقافت: علامہ اقبال کے افکار کی روشنی میں

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    In modern day scenario, a culture is a combination of people’s beliefs, behavior, language and rituals in a political and economic system. However, unlike other cultures of the World, Islamic culture is Da`wah-oriented which has some unique characteristics including God-Centrism, moralistic, egalitarianism and not world-denying. Poet of the East and great thinker, Allama Iqbal, in his various writings examined the multidimensional aspects of Islamic culture. He tried to analyze its nature by underlying true spirit. In his writings he explained the traits and principles of Islamic culture and considered it the right path for the establishment of an Islamic society. His poetry on culture draws vivid guidelines to chalk out the social codes for all ages. Iqbal recalls the splendid past of the Muslims as a model for emulation in the present societies, which has long been forgotten. Present study will analyze that how Iqbal highlights the Muslim achievements in the focused context of Islamic Culture as a medium of inspiration. It will try to identify his thoughts about culture with respect to the challenges faced by contemporary Muslim society.  

    IMPACT OF TEACHING METHOD BASED ON MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCE THEORY ON ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF GENERAL SCIENCE STUDENTS AT ELEMENTARY LEVEL

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    This paper is about to explore the effect of multiple intelligence theory based instructions on 8th grade students’ academic achievements in the subject of general science. Multiple intelligence is significant as it provide friendly learning environment to students and variety of ways to assess student’s achievement. The present research is true experimental in nature and pre-test post-test with control group design was used. Multiple choice achievement test on the content of general science, multiple intelligence inventory, and multiple intelligence based general science achievement rubric were used as research instruments in this research. Present research was carried out in educational year 2020-2021 in Gujranwala Division Punjab, Pakistan. Participant of the research were comprised of 64 8th grade students’ of Govt. High schools No.1 Hafizabad, Punjab. Participants were divided into two groups 32 in experimental group and 32 in control group on the basis of pre-test result. Students’ of experimental group were assembled according to their intelligence such as Linguistic/Verbal, Logical/Mathematical, Visual/Spatial, Bodily Kinesthetic, Interpersonal, Intrapersonal, Musical Rhythmic and Naturalistic Intelligences. Students of experimental group were taught by researchers themselves using lesson plans based on multiple intelligence theory based instructions prepared by the researchers, while students of control group were taught through traditional method of teaching. The research was continued for two and half months including Pre-test, intervention period and Post-test. The results exposed that there is a significant mean score difference between traditional method of teaching and multiple intelligence theory based instructional method of teaching. Researchers recommend that multiple intelligence theory based instructional method of teaching might be implemented to fulfill the needs of 21st Century student’s
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