7 research outputs found

    Factors Affecting Knowledge Management: A Study in Al-Madinah International University, Malaysia

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    The aim of this study is to investigate the factors which can affect the knowledge management in Al-Madinah International University, Malaysia. This study employs a quantitative methodology for whichquestionnaires were distributed to on-campus staff at the university and a sample of 138 responses was collected for multiple regression analysis. Statistical Packages (SPSS) software was used to analyze the structure model. The results show that the motivation factors such as social interaction, trust, management support, learning orientation and motivation can provide explanation of knowledge sharing. This study found a positive correlation between sharing knowledge and the social interaction. Therefore, this study suggests that when knowledge is built and is shared then it creates a positive impact on an organizations employees. This study will contribute to the literature in the field of knowledge sharing. Comparatively, the studies focusing on knowledge sharing among Malaysian universities are limited

    Subjective Knowledge and The Antecedent-Mediator Relationship of TPB In Female Adolescence: Healthy Eating Intentions Prediction

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    Purpose: This study aims to examine the predictors of intentions towards healthy eating (HE) behavior by applying the theory of planned behavior. It also aims to verify the way subjective knowledge about healthy eating moderates the attitude-intentions, subjective norms-intentions, and perceived behavioral control-intentions relationships. Methodology: The study employs a survey research design in which data is collected via self-administered structured questionnaires. The sample size was 404 female adolescences of 15-19 years. SPSS version 21, SMART PLS version 3, and AMOS version 20 were used to analyze the reliability, validity, measurement, and structural models. Findings: Family environment, as well as Parental norms and conformity towards those, are stronger to shape positive intentions towards, HE than other societal members’ norms. Perceived behavioral control of HE is not a significant antecedent of HE intentions which might be due to the contingency effect of subjective knowledge. Subjective knowledge about HE moderating the attitude-intentions, subjective norms-intentions, and perceived behavioral control-intentions relationships as proposed. Conclusion: This is the novelty of the present work in that it has presented the moderating role of subjective knowledge about HE on the aforementioned relationships of TPB and cultivated significant results out of it. TPB is extended and delivered that overall model contributed 65% of the variance in determining HE intentions by attitude, subjective norms, and behavioral control


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    The research examines the issue of the cultural anthropology of Native Americans, which is embedded in the work Black Elk Speaks by Deloria and Neihardt (1979). It shows the multiplicities present in native Americans’ culture, and struggle for the survival of that culture. This is a literary study using qualitative paradigm of research as it is used to gain an appreciative of underlying reasons, opinions, and motivations. Sub-category is Ethnographic research in that it talks about the shared experiences of the peoples regarding their culture and ideologies.  The research talks about the lives of black people as how they live in past and in present era. “Black elk speaks” delineates their rituals and ceremonies such as their hunting process, war procedures, getting food from animals and their connection with the nature. The study covers the central event of history of Native Americans. Neihardt and Deloria (1979) show the importance of animals and nature in their lives. Hunting is the main part of their culture and for this purpose they use bison. After hunting, there are proper celebrations of making and preparing food. According to their views all the things take place in a circle. There is circle for moon and seasons. There tepees are also in the form of circles. The research also depicts the contrast between whites and blacks. Blacks live in round houses and whites in squared houses. Both of the nations have exclusively different cultures. In Black Elk Speaks (1979), Black Elk is a major character. He is telling the story of himself but it is not the story of Black Elk, it is the story of the whole Native American nation. In the past natives lived with peace and harmony. Their culture was far better than the white culture. Animal imagery is a key point in their culture. Their names are based on the names of the animals. Their visions are very strong. They have the ability to do predictions for the upcoming situations. The study will aim to provide an opportunity to study native American culture that is not as much as famous comparing to other American culture


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    The aim of this study is to investigate the role of stakeholder's perception towards the change managers in the petroleum industry of Saudi Arabia. Furthermore, the social skills, personal qualities and experience and expertise of the managers as a mediator between the change managers influence and the change management influence is investigated. This study employs a quantitative methodology for which questionnaires were distributed to petroleum industry employees, and a sample of 347 responses were collected for SPSS analysis. The results show that social skills and experience and expertise mediates between change manager influence and change management. The personal qualities show insignificant mediation between change manager influence and change management. This study suggests focus on manager's social skills and experience and expertise which leads to effective change management. This study contributes to the existing body of knowledge in human resource management


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    Through the prism of a post-colonial perspective, this research explores the dynamic interplay of cultures within modern English literature. It looks at how writers juggle a wide range of cultural elements to create stories that go over traditional boundaries. According to this investigation, literature is a powerful tool for recovering stories and contesting the prevailing discourse that dates back to the colonial past. Post-colonial voices become forces for transformation, upending past hierarchies of power and transforming the canon of English literature. The study looks at how these voices participate in an ongoing decolonization process, using language and narrative to promote a complex comprehension of cultural interconnections. This study seeks to clarify the intricacies of identity, power, and representation in modern English literature by presenting a wide range of tales. It also hopes to highlight the transformational potential of post-colonial ideas in creating a literary discourse that is more inclusive and equitable

    Preoperative nasopharyngeal swab testing and postoperative pulmonary complications in patients undergoing elective surgery during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic.

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    BACKGROUND: Surgical services are preparing to scale up in areas affected by COVID-19. This study aimed to evaluate the association between preoperative SARS-CoV-2 testing and postoperative pulmonary complications in patients undergoing elective cancer surgery. METHODS: This international cohort study included adult patients undergoing elective surgery for cancer in areas affected by SARS-CoV-2 up to 19 April 2020. Patients suspected of SARS-CoV-2 infection before operation were excluded. The primary outcome measure was postoperative pulmonary complications at 30 days after surgery. Preoperative testing strategies were adjusted for confounding using mixed-effects models. RESULTS: Of 8784 patients (432 hospitals, 53 countries), 2303 patients (26.2 per cent) underwent preoperative testing: 1458 (16.6 per cent) had a swab test, 521 (5.9 per cent) CT only, and 324 (3.7 per cent) swab and CT. Pulmonary complications occurred in 3.9 per cent, whereas SARS-CoV-2 infection was confirmed in 2.6 per cent. After risk adjustment, having at least one negative preoperative nasopharyngeal swab test (adjusted odds ratio 0.68, 95 per cent confidence interval 0.68 to 0.98; P = 0.040) was associated with a lower rate of pulmonary complications. Swab testing was beneficial before major surgery and in areas with a high 14-day SARS-CoV-2 case notification rate, but not before minor surgery or in low-risk areas. To prevent one pulmonary complication, the number needed to swab test before major or minor surgery was 18 and 48 respectively in high-risk areas, and 73 and 387 in low-risk areas. CONCLUSION: Preoperative nasopharyngeal swab testing was beneficial before major surgery and in high SARS-CoV-2 risk areas. There was no proven benefit of swab testing before minor surgery in low-risk areas

    Elective Cancer Surgery in COVID-19–Free Surgical Pathways During the SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic: An International, Multicenter, Comparative Cohort Study