24 research outputs found

    A RESEARCH STUDY TO IDENTIFY THE IMPACTS OF EARLY AND LATE IDENTIFICATION OF HEARING LOSS IMPAIRMENTS WITH RESPECT TO AGE AND TEST SCORES

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    Objective: The aim of this research was to determine the early identification effects of language development hearing impairment and identification of the proper age of the hearing impairment. Method: This research was carried out at Services Hospital, Lahore (September 2017 to August 2018) by using a predesigned questionnaire (Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test) in order to gather required information from the research participants. This material helped in the determination of expressive and receptive score of the language at early and late hearing impairment identification among children. Result: Research included one hundred respondents selected out of four different age groups in the age bracket of 8 – 14 years. Various average scores of the age groups were such as age bracket of (6 – 8) years, (8 – 10) years, (10 – 12) years and above 12 years were identified as (early and late) having respective proportions of (52% & 42%), (60% & 41%), (71% & 40%) and (75% & 60%). Language score on the basis of PPVT test was in the range of (20 – 30), (40 – 60), (60 – 80) and (80 – 100) respectively 4%, 28%, 14% and 54%. Commonly prevalent hearing loss degree was the degree of moderately severe (58%) in the early identification; whereas, late identification as (465) moderately severe degree of hearing loss impairment. Thirty-six respondents were early identified; whereas, late identified cases were forty-one in number. Conclusion: It is evident from the research outcomes that hearing loss at the age of six months managed through suitable therapy brings productive outcomes and it is a safe and effective strategy. This strategy is successful in the development of language skills among children including infants and adolescents affected by hearing loss. Hearing loss identification at the age of six months can resume normal activity of language as a result of the timely intervention. Keywords: Hearing Loss, Impairment, Language, Vocabulary and PPVT

    Impact of Brand Loyalty in Assessing Purchase Intentions of a Customer: A Study of Automobile Industry in South Asian Perspective

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    In this modern age, brands are more concentrating on consumers’ quality of life style as these reflect their status symbol or social class through the company’s products. The current study is aimed to check the effect of brand name, awareness, and price and brand quality on the brand loyalty of the product of automobiles, after that brand loyalty effect is examined on the product purchase intention specifically in South Asian context. For checking the effect of the variables brand name, brand awareness, brand price and brand quality were considered as independent variables and brand loyalty was considered as a dependent variable. The study was correlational as it shows the relationship of different dependent and independent variables. This study has been conducted through a survey design. The population was considered as the citizens of Bahawalpur, one of the oldest stateS in South Asian region and for the data collection random sampling technique was used. A total number of 300 questionnaires were distributed randomly to the users of automobile in the Bahawalpur out of which 287 responses were received after deducting the omission and errors. Different hypotheses were tested in this research for relationships of variables, out of which five were accepted and the one which was about the effect of brand price on brand loyalty was rejected. The collected data were analyzed after using different statistical techniques and it shows that brand awareness, name, quality has a direct and positive impact on the brand loyalty of the product and on the other hand there is also a positive effect of brand loyalty on the purchase intention of the product

    Association of Stress, Knowledge Management, and Change with Organizational Effectiveness in Education Sector of Pakistan

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    The purpose of this study is to analyze the impact of organizational stress, knowledge management, and organizational change on organizational effectiveness. A valid questionnaire was distributed to administrative staff and faculty members of different educational institutes. 100 questionnaires were distributed in public and private educational sectors. 75 complete questionnaires were received at response rate of 75%. A non probability random sampling technique was used to select the sample. Pearson’s moment correlation and linear regression was applied to study the relationship between organizational stress, knowledge management, organizational change and organizational effectiveness. Results show significant relationship of factors and positive impact on organizational effectiveness. This research also discusses practical implicatios and research limitations.&nbsp

    Mortality from gastrointestinal congenital anomalies at 264 hospitals in 74 low-income, middle-income, and high-income countries: a multicentre, international, prospective cohort study

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    Summary Background Congenital anomalies are the fifth leading cause of mortality in children younger than 5 years globally. Many gastrointestinal congenital anomalies are fatal without timely access to neonatal surgical care, but few studies have been done on these conditions in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). We compared outcomes of the seven most common gastrointestinal congenital anomalies in low-income, middle-income, and high-income countries globally, and identified factors associated with mortality. Methods We did a multicentre, international prospective cohort study of patients younger than 16 years, presenting to hospital for the first time with oesophageal atresia, congenital diaphragmatic hernia, intestinal atresia, gastroschisis, exomphalos, anorectal malformation, and Hirschsprung’s disease. Recruitment was of consecutive patients for a minimum of 1 month between October, 2018, and April, 2019. We collected data on patient demographics, clinical status, interventions, and outcomes using the REDCap platform. Patients were followed up for 30 days after primary intervention, or 30 days after admission if they did not receive an intervention. The primary outcome was all-cause, in-hospital mortality for all conditions combined and each condition individually, stratified by country income status. We did a complete case analysis. Findings We included 3849 patients with 3975 study conditions (560 with oesophageal atresia, 448 with congenital diaphragmatic hernia, 681 with intestinal atresia, 453 with gastroschisis, 325 with exomphalos, 991 with anorectal malformation, and 517 with Hirschsprung’s disease) from 264 hospitals (89 in high-income countries, 166 in middleincome countries, and nine in low-income countries) in 74 countries. Of the 3849 patients, 2231 (58·0%) were male. Median gestational age at birth was 38 weeks (IQR 36–39) and median bodyweight at presentation was 2·8 kg (2·3–3·3). Mortality among all patients was 37 (39·8%) of 93 in low-income countries, 583 (20·4%) of 2860 in middle-income countries, and 50 (5·6%) of 896 in high-income countries (p<0·0001 between all country income groups). Gastroschisis had the greatest difference in mortality between country income strata (nine [90·0%] of ten in lowincome countries, 97 [31·9%] of 304 in middle-income countries, and two [1·4%] of 139 in high-income countries; p≤0·0001 between all country income groups). Factors significantly associated with higher mortality for all patients combined included country income status (low-income vs high-income countries, risk ratio 2·78 [95% CI 1·88–4·11], p<0·0001; middle-income vs high-income countries, 2·11 [1·59–2·79], p<0·0001), sepsis at presentation (1·20 [1·04–1·40], p=0·016), higher American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score at primary intervention (ASA 4–5 vs ASA 1–2, 1·82 [1·40–2·35], p<0·0001; ASA 3 vs ASA 1–2, 1·58, [1·30–1·92], p<0·0001]), surgical safety checklist not used (1·39 [1·02–1·90], p=0·035), and ventilation or parenteral nutrition unavailable when needed (ventilation 1·96, [1·41–2·71], p=0·0001; parenteral nutrition 1·35, [1·05–1·74], p=0·018). Administration of parenteral nutrition (0·61, [0·47–0·79], p=0·0002) and use of a peripherally inserted central catheter (0·65 [0·50–0·86], p=0·0024) or percutaneous central line (0·69 [0·48–1·00], p=0·049) were associated with lower mortality. Interpretation Unacceptable differences in mortality exist for gastrointestinal congenital anomalies between lowincome, middle-income, and high-income countries. Improving access to quality neonatal surgical care in LMICs will be vital to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 3.2 of ending preventable deaths in neonates and children younger than 5 years by 2030

    Automatic Vehicle Number Plate Recognition Approach Using Color Detection Technique

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    An Automatic Vehicle Number Plate Recognition System (AVNPR) is a key research area in image processing. Various techniques are developed and tested by researchers to improve the detection and recognition rate of AVNPR system but faced problems due to issues such as variation in format, lighting conditions, scales, and colors of number plates in different countries or states or even provinces of a country. Douglas Peucker Algorithm for shape approximation has been used in this research to detect the rectangular contours and the most prominent rectangular contour is extracted as a number plate (NP) and the connected component analysis is used to segment the characters followed by optical character recognition (OCR) to recognize the number plate characters. A custom dataset of 210 vehicle images with different colors at various distances and lighting conditions was used for the proposed method captured on my smart phone Galaxy J7 Model SM-j700F at roads and parking. The dataset contains various types of vehicles (i.e. Trucks, motorcars, mini-buses, tractors, pick-ups etc). The proposed method shows an average result of 95.5%. The novelty used in this method is that it works for different colors simultaneously because in Pakistan, several colors are used for vehicle NPs. Full Tex

    Automatic Vehicle Number Plate Recognition Approach Using Color Detection Technique

    No full text
    An Automatic Vehicle Number Plate Recognition System (AVNPR) is a key research area in image processing. Various techniques are developed and tested by researchers to improve the detection and recognition rate of AVNPR system but faced problems due to issues such as variation in format, lighting conditions, scales, and colors of number plates in different countries or states or even provinces of a country. Douglas Peucker Algorithm for shape approximation has been used in this research to detect the rectangular contours and the most prominent rectangular contour is extracted as a number plate (NP) and the connected component analysis is used to segment the characters followed by optical character recognition (OCR) to recognize the number plate characters. A custom dataset of 210 vehicle images with different colors at various distances and lighting conditions was used for the proposed method captured on my smart phone Galaxy J7 Model SM-j700F at roads and parking. The dataset contains various types of vehicles (i.e. Trucks, motorcars, mini-buses, tractors, pick-ups etc). The proposed method shows an average result of 95.5%. The novelty used in this method is that it works for different colors simultaneously because in Pakistan, several colors are used for vehicle NPs. Full Tex

    Pakistani Newspapers on Peace Talks with Tahrik e Taliban Pakistan

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    Negotiations between two parties always have newsworthiness. Results of the negotiations can be strongly influenced by the media coverage. Pakistan's government was also involved in peace negotiation with Tahrik e Taliban Pakistan (TTP) during January and February 2014. It was the most discussing issue in Pakistani media at that time. The aim of this research is to analyze the editorial policy of three Pakistani English language newspapers; Dawn, Nation and The News to check their favorable or unfavorable behavior regarding peace talks during January and February 2014. Agenda setting, priming and farming theories were used in this study. Qualitative content analysis method was used in this study to analyze the editorial policy of these three newspapers. Findings revealed that all these three newspapers gave significant coverage to the peace talks issue but Nation gave more coverage to the issue. Findings also revealed that Dawn and The News, most of the time showed neutral behavior but tilted towards unfavorable position regarding peace talks. Nation showed strongly unfavorable behavior regarding peace talks. So it is concluded that all these three newspapers were mostly against the peace talks and government and media were not on the same page on the issue of peace talks

    Product versus Service: Old Myths versus New Realities

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    ABSTRACT This paper critically examines the old school unique characteristics of services namely, intangibility, heterogeneity, inseparability and perishability (IHIP) that have served as a differentiating line between services and products. Next, it looks at how the move towards services and technological advancements in the field has blurred this traditional differentiating line. And it acknowledges the contribution of various researchers in their endeavors to come up with new criterion to differentiate between a service and a product. And it concludes that no such a differentiation is universalizable, hence is an infeasible to proceed with. Finally this text points out some factors which have caused both the categories to entangle together such that they cannot be detached from each other

    From Faskh to Khula: Transformation of Muslim Women’s Right to Divorce in Pakistan (1947-2017)

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