130 research outputs found

    Topological characterization of neutron star crusts

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    Neutron star crusts are studied using a classical molecular dynamics model developed for heavy ion reactions. After the model is shown to produce a plethora of the so-called "pasta" shapes, a series of techniques borrowed from nuclear physics, condensed matter physics and topology are used to craft a method that can be used to characterize the shape of the pasta structures in an unequivocal way

    Fragmentation of Neutron Star Matter

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    Background: Neutron stars are astronomical systems with nucleons submitted to extreme conditions. Due to the long range coulomb repulsion between protons, the system has structural inhomogeneities. These structural inhomogeneities arise also in expanding systems, where the fragment distribution is highly dependent on the thermodynamic conditions (temperature, proton fraction, ...) and the expansion velocity. Purpose: We aim to find the different regimes of fragment distribution, and the existence of infinite clusters. Method: We study the dynamics of the nucleons with a semiclassical molecular dynamics model. Starting with an equilibrium configuration, we expand the system homogeneously until we arrive to an asymptotic configuration (i. e. very low final densities). We study the fragment distribution throughout this expansion. Results: We found the typical regimes of the asymptotic fragment distribution of an expansion: u-shaped, power law and exponential. Another key feature in our calculations is that, since the interaction between protons is long range repulsive, we do not have always an infinite fragment. We found that, as expected, the faster the expansion velocity is, the quicker the infinite fragment disappears. Conclusions: We have developed a novel graph-based tool for the identification of infinite fragments, and found a transition from U-shaped to exponential fragment mass distribution with increasing expansion rate

    Alternative approach to community detection in networks

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    The problem of community detection is relevant in many disciplines of science and modularity optimization is the widely accepted method for this purpose. It has recently been shown that this approach presents a resolution limit by which it is not possible to detect communities with sizes smaller than a threshold which depends on the network size. Moreover, it might happen that the communities resulting from such an approach do not satisfy the usual qualitative definition of commune, i.e., nodes in a commune are more connected among themselves than to nodes outside the commune. In this article we introduce a new method for community detection in complex networks. We define new merit factors based on the weak and strong community definitions formulated by Radicchi et al (Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 2658-2663 (2004)) and we show that this local definitions avoid the resolution limit problem found in the modularity optimization approach.Comment: 17 pages, 6 figure

    Dynamical aspects of fragmentation

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    In this short communication we address the problem of reducibility in a highly excited Lennard-Jones system. We show that the probability of emitting nn fragments can be described in terms of a single probability through the binomial expression. However, the Arrhenius law does not hold and the process can be viewed as a mixture of sequential and simultaneous fragmentation events.Comment: Proceedings for VI Latin American Symposium on Nuclear Physics and Applications, Iguazu, Argentina (2005). To be published in Acta Phys. Hung.