1,970 research outputs found

    Avalanche Mixing of Granular Solids

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    Mixing of two fractions of a granular material in a slowly rotating two-dimensional drum is considered. The rotation is around the axis of the upright drum. The drum is filled partially, and mixing occurs only at a free surface of the material. We propose a simple theory of the mixing process which describes a real experiment surprisingly well. A geometrical approach without appealing to ideas of self-organized criticality is used. The dependence of the mixing time on the drum filling is calculated. The mixing time is infinite in the case of the half-filled drum. We describe singular behaviour of the mixing near this critical point.Comment: 9 pages (LaTeX) and 2 Postscript figures, to be published in Europhys. Let

    Two-level relationships and Scale-Free Networks

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    Through the distinction between ``real'' and ``virtual'' links between the nodes of a graph, we develop a set of simple rules leading to scale-free networks with a tunable degree distribution exponent. Albeit sharing some similarities with preferential attachment, our procedure is both faster than a na\"ive implementation of the Barab\'asi and Albert model and exhibits different clustering properties. The model is thoroughly studied numerically and suggests that reducing the set of partners a node can connect to is important in seizing the diversity of scale-free structures

    Semigroups of finite-dimensional random projections

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    In this paper we present a complete description of a stochastic semigroup of finite-dimensional projections in Hilbert space. The geometry of such semigroups is characterized by the asymptotic behavior of the widths of compact subsets with respect to the subspaces generated by the semigroup operators.Comment: 13 page

    Network model of human language

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    The phenomenon of human language is widely studied from various points of view. It is interesting not only for social scientists, antropologists or philosophers, but also for those, interesting in the network dynamics. In several recent papers word web, or language as a graph has been investigated. In this paper I revise recent studies of syntactical word web. I present a model of growing network in which such processes as node addition, edge rewiring and new link creation are taken into account. I argue, that this model is a satisfactory minimal model explaining measured data.Comment: 10 pages, 1 fig, to appear in Physica
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