439 research outputs found

    Syntactic Categories in Tukang Besi

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    L’examen des catĂ©gories syntaxiques du Tukang Besi, une langue austronĂ©sienne d’IndonĂ©sie, montre qu’il faut supplĂ©menter les catĂ©gories traditionnelles fermĂ©es. En dehors des catĂ©gories bien dĂ©finissables des noms et des verbes, il y a beaucoup d’élĂ©ments lexicaux qui sont prĂ©catĂ©goriels : ils peuvent ĂȘtre utilisĂ©s, sans dĂ©rivation, soit avec une morphosyntaxe nominale, soit avec une morphosyntaxe verbale. De plus, il existe une classe d’« adjectifs » qui manifeste un comportement bizarre par des renversements de marquage morphologique et par un usage fonctionnel particulier. AprĂšs un examen plus approfondi, il se trouve qu’ils ont un statut catĂ©goriel variable, selon la position structurelle dans laquelle ils sont utilisĂ©s, apparaissant obligatoirement comme une partie de la tĂȘte de leur syntagme, V dans un SV et N dans un SN. Des tests morphosyntaxiques Ă  l’appui sont donnĂ©s et discutĂ©s.Examining syntactic categories in Tukang Besi, an Austronesian language of Indonesia, we find that there are additions to the traditional fixed categories. As well as the firmly definable categories of nouns and verbs, there are many lexical items that are precategorial: they may be used, without derivation, with either nominal morphosyntax or verbal morphosyntax. Additionally, there is a class of 'adjectives' that display odd behavior in terms of morphological markedness reversals and functional use, and which, under closer examination, turn out to have a variable categorial status, dependent on the structural position in which they are used, obligatorily appearing as part of the head of their phrase, V in a VP and N in an NP. Morphosyntactic tests for the different claims are given and discussed

    Tukang Besi dialectology

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    Voice in Tukang Besi and the Austronesian focus system

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    Animacy, class and gender in Burmeso

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    Hatam phonology and grammatical notes

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    The pretenders to the Muna-Buton group

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    I'saka: A sketch grammar of a language of north-central New Guinea

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    Banana (Musa spp.) domestication in the Asia-Pacific Region: linguistic and archaeobotanical perspectives

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    An examination of linguistic terms for ‘banana’ within Island Southeast Asia and Melanesia sheds light on the history of Musa spp. domestication. Linguistic investigations suggest a westward dispersal of banana from New Guinea, mixing with a Philippine variety (or at least sphere of cultural usage), then westward again to mainland Southeast Asia, and (as far as can be linguistically inferred) onward to the western edge of South Asia. The linguisticallyderived interpretation accords generally with the archaeobotanical evidence and botanical models for the dispersal of banana cultivars
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