80 research outputs found

    ADULTERY CHILD STATUS IN ISLAMIC LAW AND IN THE CIVIL CODE

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    Problems regarding the status of children born outside of legal marital relations are still interesting discussions. In the community the status of children is often questioned, because not a few children are born without marriage. So from this this study will focus on the status of illegitimate children in Islamic law and in the Civil Code. The research method used is a normative juridical research method based on secondary data, namely primary legal material, secondary legal material and tertiary legal material. This research shows that in Islamic law and Civil Code the legitimate denial of children can result in the breakup of marriage making the child an illegitimate child and not having an inheritance relationship with his parents, but his mother according to Islamic law. If the child of adultery is associated with obligations and responsibilities regarding survival, then the parents or fathers are still charged with the obligation to provide a living. As the cost of living and the cost of their education as needed or according to their abilities, because he is the biological father of the child. If the status of the adultery child is associated with inheritance according to BW, then he does not inherit at all to the two tunya people. but if it is associated with Islamic inheritance, then he inherits only his mother and his mother's family

    Pemanfaatan Kebijakan Corporate Social Responsibility Sebagai Upaya Peningkatan Inclusive Business Perbankan Di Indonesia

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    The new paradigm in the banking business is a change in corporate goals from profit-oriented to stakeholder-oriented. Efforts to synergize the matter can bank do Corporate Social Responsibility or CSR. The implementation of CSR by banks is intended to develop the economy in increasing the quality of people's lives and the environment that involves community participation because the community is the party that feels the most impact obtained from the implementation of CSR. The research method used in this study is a normative legal research method with a statutory approach and conceptual approach. This study shows that the legality of implementing CSR for banks is contained in Law Number 25 of 2007 concerning Investment, Law Number 21 of 2008 concerning Sharia Banking and other regulations relating to CSR. The implementation of CSR by banks can benefit the banks themselves. For example, being able to create a "brand image" in the midst of a competitive market so that it will be able to create customer loyalty and build or maintain a business reputation, which in turn will increase the bank's Inclusive Business (IB)

    Corporation's Criminal Liability in Indonesia: A Response to the Weak Enforcement of Corporate Social Responsibility

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    Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is a corporate commitment to contribute to sustainable economic development by focusing on the balance between attention to economic, social, and environmental aspects. This paper argues that corporations are subject to criminal law, which can be subject to criminal liability if they do not carry out CSR obligations. This study aims to find out the linkage of sanctions arrangements and the urgency of regulations on criminal liability if the corporation does not carry out CSR obligations. In practice, CSR is only based on corporate awareness and commitment. In the meantime, CSR enforcement's most basic weakness is the absence of strict sanctions for corporations that deny CSR, especially in terms of criminal sanctions. Instead, the sanction is limited to administrative as set out in Act No. 25/2007 on Investment, with a lack of legislation governing criminal sanctions against CSR prevention. In so doing, there is a need to introduce sanctions against corporations that deny CSR, by taking into account adverse impacts to the environment and community. KEYWORDS: Corporate Social Responsibility, Criminal Liability, Corporations

    ARTI PENTING PERLINDUNGAN KEKAYAAN INTELEKTUAL PENCIPTA LOGO COFFE SHOP DI KOTA BATAM, INDONESIA

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    Coffe shop mempunyai berbagai macam karakteristik tersendiri untuk mendapatkan identitasnya. Identitas tersebut diawali dari sebuah logo. Kemudian dari logo lah masyarakat mengenal identitas dari coffee shop tersebut. Tetapi identitas atau merek yang sudah dikenal memiliki karakteristik yang kuat rentan untuk ditiru dilihat dari kualitas bisnis tersebut. Semakin tinggi dan kuat kualitas dari bisnis tersebut, semakin tinggi hal tersebut berkembang dan ditiru.  Metode penelitian yang digunakan yaitu hukum normatif, metode ini lebih mengutamakan data sekunder. Penelitian ini juga didukung oleh data primer dengan melakukan wawancara dan observasi lapangan. Ditunjukkan dalam hasil penilitian bahwasannya masih banyak pencipta logo yang belum mengetahui perlindungan atas karya intelektualnya dan belum mendaftarkannya. Pencipta logo sebagai merek berhak mendapatkan perlindungan hak intelektualnya. Negara harus memberikan perlindungan hukum bagi kekayaan intelektual sebagai bentuk apresiasi kepada para pencipta, dengan adanya perlindungan dapat meminimalisir terjadinya pelanggaran kekayaan intelektual. Selain itu, dengan adanya perlindungan kekayaan intelektual di Indonesia tidak hanya memberikan rasa aman dan kepastian hukum bagi para pencipta

    THE ROLE OF INDONESIAN ONLINE MARKETPLACES IN INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS INFRINGEMENTS: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

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    This research explores the forms of intellectual property rights violations and their causes, which are examined using the Indonesian intellectual property rights legal framework, to then generate an overview of the legal reconstruction needed to protect existing intellectual property in Indonesian online marketplaces. This research used normative legal research method with comparative approach by analyzing the existing Indonesian IP legal framework and compare it with other countries that are more advanced in IPR protections. This research puts a great emphasis on legal problems and the criminal elements of the Indonesian intellectual property rights legal framework to explain the position of online marketplaces and their responsibilities to also support the protection of IP and the growth of e-commerce overall. This research finds that Indonesia is facing normative issues in defining the role of online marketplace in many IP infringement cases. This finding is important in the support for continued legal development in Indonesia, to provide better protection of many forms of intellectual property rights in Indonesian online marketplaces

    Utilizing Production Sharing Contracts (PSCs) as a Means for the Protection of Indonesia’s Natural Resources

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    Indonesia has the potential to manage natural resources in such a way that social justice, public welfare, and the prosperity of the people is also realized. Contract law is the primary legal umbrella used in efforts to protect natural resources from exploitation. This study uses normative juridical methods that prioritize secondary data as the primary sources. This study shows the form of the legal protection of state assets related to oil and gas management including the government has the right of immunity, the existence of provisions regarding state revenue, state levies, and bonuses and the existence of provisions for contractors to distribute a portion of the production share. Thus, the government uses Production Sharing Contracts (PSC) to enter into oil and gas management agreements with contractors, specifically regarding upstream business activities. The Oil and Gas Law does not elaborate on the meaning of the PSC. Rather, it only states that the PSC is one form of the contracts. Keywords: Production Sharing Contract, State Control, Protection of Natural Resources

    Kajian Praktik Money Laundering dan Tax Avoidance dalam Transaksi Cryptocurrency di Indonesia

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    Investasi pada zaman modern ini tidak hanya sebatas emas, saham, obligasi dan lain-lain. Seiring berkembangnya zaman muncul sejenis instrumen investasi baru yang bernama Cryptocurrency. Cryptocurrency adalah mata uang digital dengan sifatnya yang desentralisasi. Desentralisasi artiannya adalah metode pelaksanaan traksaksi tanpa adanya pihak ketiga sebagai perantara. Akan tetapi ada juga resiko akibat dari investasi jenis cryptocurrency ini, seperti terjadinya tindak money laundering (pencucian uang) dikarenakan sifat dari cryptocurrency ini yaitu desentralisasi sehingga jika terjadi transaksi yang mencurigakan sulit untuk dilakukan pembekuan ataupun pemblokiran akun dan uang. Yang lainnya adalah sistem pemajakan terhadap keuntungan dari Cryptocurrency ini masih kurang tegas sehingga terjadinya tindak tax avoidance (penghindaran pajak). Penelitian yang dilakukan adalah untuk mengkaji permasalahan terkait pencegahan money laundering (pencucian uang) dan juga tindak tax avoidance (penghindaran pajak). Adapun penelitian ini menerapakan metode penelitian hukum normatif. Berdasarkan penelitian yang dilakukan, didapatkan bahwa kasus money laundering (pencucian uang) didalam cryptocurrency ini terjadi karena fitur anominity dimana identitas aslinya tidak dapat dilacak dan dilindungi oleh sistem. Sehingga adanya celah untuk melakukan tindakan kejahatan seperti pencucian uang. Akan tetapi berdasarkan data yang dipaparkan kasus money laundering (pencucian uang) dalam cryptocurrrency sudah menurun dikarenakan adanya kerjasama antara platform/exchanger dengan PPATK untuk meminimalisir terjadinya kasus tersebut, dan juga praktik tax avoidance (penghindaran pajak) terjadi karena masih adanya ketidakjelasan sistem pemajakan terhadap cryptocurrency. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa pelaporan pajak atas keuntungan cryptocurrency wahib dilaporkan dan tidak susah untuk prosedurnya. Diharapkan adanya kesadaran dari investor untuk melaporkannya sendiri karena sifat pemajakan di Indonesia bersifat self assesment

    Reformasi Kebijakan Bisnis Lembaga Keuangan Perbankan Syariah di Indonesia

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    Di Indonesia telah terjadi perkembangan lembaga keuangan syariah yang begitu pesat, terutama adalah lembaga perbankan. Untuk itu perlu ada pengaturan yang mengatur lembaga keuangan perbankan syariah sebagai landasan hukum dan sebagai legalitas bank syariah dalam menyelenggarakan bisnisnya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui reformasi pengaturan lembaga perbankan syariah di Indonesia dengan metode penelitian hukum normatif. Penelitian ini menunjukan adanya reformasi pengaturan lembaga keuangan perbankan syariah hingga saat ini. Reformasi kebijakn tersebut dapat dilihat dari Undang-Undang Nomor 7 tahun 1992 kemudian diubah menjadi Undang-Undang Nomor 10 tahun 1998. Hingga saat ini perbankan syariah diatur khusus melalui Undang-Undang Nomor 21 tahun 2008.Kata Kunci : Reformasi Regulasi, Perbankan Syariah, Indones

    Urgency of Electronic Wallet Regulation in Indonesia

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    The payment system in Indonesia has undergone significant changes to date. Starting from the barter system to the existence of an electronic payment system. This change is caused by the development of technology, which has an impact on changing people's lifestyles. The payment system has been known to the public since 2014 when Bank Indonesia issued the National Non-Cash Movement (GNNT) policy. This policy aims to create a cashless society eco-system while at the same time introducing the advantages of electronic payments to the public. Electronic payments are considered safer, more efficient, and easier to track. However, electronic payments are also inseparable from their shortcomings. The electronic payment system, which is relatively new in Indonesia, will face several problems, especially with the legal system. Until now, there has been no law specifically regulating electronic payment systems, specifically E-wallet. This legal vacuum will cause problems both in terms of security and legal protection for users. This study aims to find out the problems that will arise from the E-wallet and provide solutions to the problems raised from a legal perspective. The research method used is normative juridical, using a conceptual approach and a statutory approach to review E-wallets in Indonesia. The results of this study indicate that several problems arise from electronic payments. Therefore, regulations are needed to protect user security, oversee the smooth implementation of E-wallet and maintain Indonesia's economic stability
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