6 research outputs found

    Leadership for success in transforming medical abortion policy in Canada.

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    OBJECTIVES: Mifepristone was approved for use in medical abortion by Health Canada in 2015. Approval was accompanied by regulations that prohibited pharmacist dispensing of the medication. Reproductive health advocates in Canada recognized this regulation would limit access to medical abortion and successfully worked to have this regulation removed in 2017. The purpose of this study was to assess the leadership involved in changing these regulations so that the success may be replicated by other groups advocating for health policy change. METHODS: This study involved a mixed methods instrumental design in the context of British Columbia, Canada. Our data collection included: a) interviews with seven key individuals, representing the organizations that worked in concert for change to Canadian mifepristone regulations, and b) document analysis of press articles, correspondence, briefing notes, and meeting minutes. We conducted a thematic analysis of transcripts of audio-recorded interviews. We identified strengths and weaknesses of the team dynamic using the Develop Coalitions, Achieve Results and Systems Transformation domains of the LEADS Framework. RESULTS: Our analysis of participant interviews indicates that autonomy, shared values, and clarity in communication were integral to the success of the group's work. Analysis using the LEADS Framework showed that individuals possessed many of the capabilities identified as being necessary for successful health policy leadership. A lack of post-project assessment was identified as a possible limitation and could be incorporated in future work to strengthen dynamics especially when a desired outcome is not achieved. Document analysis provided a clear time-line of the work completed and suggested that strong communication between team members was another key to success. CONCLUSIONS: The results of our analysis of the interviews and documents provide valuable insight into the workings of a successful group committed to a common goal. The existing collegial and trusting relationships between key stakeholders allowed for interdisciplinary collaboration, rapid mobilization, and identification of issues that facilitated successful Canadian global-first deregulation of mifepristone dispensing

    First and Second Trimester Surgical Abortion Providers and Services in 2019: Results from the Canadian Abortion Provider Survey

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    OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to explore the workforce and clinical care of first and second trimester surgical abortion (FTSA, STSA) providers following the publication of updated Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada (SOGC) surgical abortion guidelines. METHODS: We conducted a national, cross-sectional, online, self-administered survey of physicians who provided abortion care in 2019. This anonymized survey collected participant demographics, types of abortion services, and characteristics of FTSA and STSA clinical care. Through health care organizations using a modified Dillman technique, we recruited from July to December 2020. Descriptive statistics were generated by R Statistical Software. RESULTS: We present the data of 222 surgical abortion provider respondents, of whom 219 provided FTSA, 109 STSA, and 106 both. Respondents practiced in every Canadian province and territory. Most were obstetrician-gynaecologists (56.8%) and family physicians (36.0%). The majority of FTSA and STSA respondents were located in urban settings, 64.8% and 79.8% respectively, and more than 80% practiced in hospitals. More than 1 in 4 respondents reported <5 years' experience with surgical abortion care and 93.2% followed SOGC guidelines. Noted guideline deviations included that prophylactic antibiotic use was not universal, and more than half of respondents used sharp curettage in addition to suction. Fewer than 5% of STSA respondents used mifepristone for cervical preparation. CONCLUSIONS: The surgical abortion workforce is multidisciplinary and rejuvenating. Education, training, and practice supports, including SOGC guideline implementation, are required to optimize care and to ensure equitable FTSA and STSA access in both rural and urban regions

    Contraceptive counselling in 3 Canadian bariatric surgery clinics: a multicentre qualitative study of the experiences of patients and health care providers.

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    BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests an increase in fertility and unintended pregnancy after bariatric surgery; contraceptive counselling, traditionally defined as a discussion of contraception options, is therefore an important facet of surgical planning. Our aim was to investigate patient experiences of contraceptive counselling, the attitudes of health care providers (HCPs) toward contraceptive counselling, and their perceptions of the facilitators and barriers to contraceptive counselling in bariatric surgery clinics. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study using semistructured interviews with patients and HCPs at publicly funded Canadian bariatric surgery clinics from May 2018 to February 2019. We recruited bariatric HCPs from across Canada using snowball sampling, and recruited patient participants from 3 Canadian bariatric surgery programs. Patient participants had to be at risk of pregnancy in the postoperative period, aged 18-45 years old and have completed all preoperative counselling. We included HCPs who delivered care in a publicly funded, hospital-affiliated bariatric surgery clinic in Canada. Team members analyzed transcripts thematically. RESULTS: We completed 27 interviews (patient n = 16, HCP n = 11). Our analysis identified 3 separate themes: missing information in contraception counselling, making assumptions about who would benefit from counselling and strategies for improving contraception counselling. We found patients and HCPs wanted more resources on the safety and efficacy of contraceptive methods. INTERPRETATION: Our study showed a need for structured contraceptive counselling in bariatric surgery clinics. Information resources that support patients and HCPs who provide counselling are needed

    Reproductive healthcare in prison: A qualitative study of women's experiences and perspectives in Ontario, Canada.

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    ObjectiveTo explore women's experiences and perspectives of reproductive healthcare in prison.MethodsWe conducted a qualitative study using semi-structured focus groups in 2018 with women in a provincial prison in Ontario, Canada. We asked participants about their experiences and perspectives of pregnancy and contraception related to healthcare in prison. We used a combination of deductive and inductive content analysis to categorize data. A concept map was generated using a reproductive justice framework.ResultsThe data reflected three components of a reproductive justice framework: 1) women have limited access to healthcare in prison, 2) reproductive safety and dignity influence attitudes toward pregnancy and contraception, and 3) women in prison want better reproductive healthcare. Discrimination and stigma were commonly invoked throughout women's experiences in seeking reproductive healthcare.ConclusionsImproving reproductive healthcare for women in prison is crucial to promoting reproductive justice in this population. Efforts to increase access to comprehensive, responsive, and timely reproductive healthcare should be informed by the needs and desires of women in prison and should actively seek to reduce their experience of discrimination and stigma in this context

    Preferences for prenatal tests for Down syndrome:an international comparison of the views of pregnant women and health professionals

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    To access publisher's full text version of this article click on the hyperlink at the bottom of the pageNon-invasive prenatal testing is increasingly available worldwide and stakeholder viewpoints are essential to guide implementation. Here we compare the preferences of women and health professionals from nine different countries towards attributes of non-invasive and invasive prenatal tests for Down syndrome. A discrete choice experiment was used to obtain participants' stated preference for prenatal tests that varied according to four attributes: accuracy, time of test, risk of miscarriage, and type of information. Pregnant women and health professionals were recruited from Canada, Denmark, Iceland, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Singapore, and the United Kingdom. A total of 2666 women's and 1245 health professionals' questionnaires were included in the analysis. Differences in preferences were seen between women and health professionals within and between countries. Overall, women placed greater emphasis on test safety and comprehensive information than health professionals, who emphasised accuracy and early testing. Differences between women's and health professionals' preferences are marked between countries. Varied approaches to implementation and service delivery are therefore needed and individual countries should develop guidelines appropriate for their own social and screening contexts.National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) under the Programme Grants for Applied Research programme RP-PG-0707-10107 NIHR Comprehensive Research Network NIHR Biomedical Research Centre at Great Ormond Street Hospital for Childre