457 research outputs found

    Necklace-ring vector solitons

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    We introduce novel classes of optical vector solitons that consist of incoherently coupled self-trapped “necklace” beams carrying zero, integer, and even fractional angular momentum. Because of the stabilizing mutual attraction between the components, such stationary localized structures exhibit quasistable propagation for much larger distances than the corresponding scalar vortex solitons and expanding scalar necklace beams

    Stable rotating dipole solitons in nonlocal optical media

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    We reveal that nonlocality can provide a simple physical mechanism for stabilization of multi-hump optical solitons, and present the first example of stable rotating dipole solitons and soliton spiraling, known to be unstable in all types of realistic nonlinear media with local response.Comment: 3 pages, 3 figure

    Rotating optical soliton clusters

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    We introduce the concept of soliton clusters -- multi-soliton bound states in a homogeneous bulk optical medium, and reveal a key physical mechanism for their stabilization associated with a staircase-like phase distribution that induces a net angular momentum and leads to cluster rotation. The ringlike soliton clusters provide a nontrivial generalization of the concepts of two-soliton spiraling, optical vortex solitons, and necklace-type optical beams.Comment: 4 pages, 5 figure

    Lattice topology and spontaneous parametric down-conversion in quadratic nonlinear waveguide arrays

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    We analyze spontaneous parametric down-conversion in various experimentally feasible 1D quadratic nonlinear waveguide arrays, with emphasis on the relationship between the lattice's topological invariants and the biphoton correlations. Nontrivial topology results in a nontrivial "winding" of the array's Bloch waves, which introduces additional selection rules for the generation of biphotons. These selection rules are in addition to, and independent of existing control using the pump beam's spatial profile and phase matching conditions. In finite lattices, nontrivial topology produces single photon edge modes, resulting in "hybrid" biphoton edge modes, with one photon localized at the edge and the other propagating into the bulk. When the single photon band gap is sufficiently large, these hybrid biphoton modes reside in a band gap of the bulk biphoton Bloch wave spectrum. Numerical simulations support our analytical results.Comment: 11 pages, 12 figure

    A Potential of Incoherent Attraction Between Multidimensional Solitons

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    We obtain analytical expressions for an effective potential of interaction between two- and three-dimensional (2D and 3D) solitons (including the case of 2D vortex solitons) belonging to two different modes which are incoherently coupled by cross-phase modulation. The derivation is based on calculation of the interaction term in the full Hamiltonian of the system. An essential peculiarity is that, in the 3D case, as well as in the case of 2D solitons with unequal masses, the main contribution to the interaction potential originates from a vicinity of one or both solitons, similarly to what was recently found in the 2D and 3D single-mode systems, while in the case of identical 2D solitons, the dominating area covers all the space between the solitons. Unlike the single-mode systems,_stable_ bound states of mutually orbiting solitons are shown to be possible in the bimodal system.Comment: latex, no figures, submitted to Physics Letters

    Photophoretic manipulation of absorbing aerosol particles with vortex beams: theory versus experiment

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    We develop a theoretical approach for describing the optical trapping and manipulation of carbon nanoclusters in air with a dual-vortex optical trap, as realized recently in experiment [V. Shvedov et al., Opt. Express 17, 5743 (2009)]. We calculate both longitudinal and transverse photophoretic forces acting on a spherical absorbing particle, and then compare our theoretical predictions with the experimental data