898 research outputs found

    Principes en rhéologie des polymères fondus

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    URL: http://www-spht.cea.fr/articles/T93/082En théorie des polymères, pour des temps suffisamment longs, on peut s'attendre à observer un comportement universel qui intègre le concept de reptation valide pour des temps très longs et la relaxation de Rouse qui s'applique aux temps moins longs. Nous discutons ici l'agencement de ces principes

    Random Walk Model on a Hyper-Spherical Lattice

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    We use a one-dimensional random walk on DD-dimensional hyper-spheres to determine the critical behavior of statistical systems in hyper-spherical geometries. First, we demonstrate the properties of such walk by studying the phase diagram of a percolation problem. We find a line of second and first order phase transitions separated by a tricritical point. Then, we analyze the adsorption-desorption transition for a polymer growing near the attractive boundary of a cylindrical cell membrane. We find that the fraction of adsorbed monomers on the boundary vanishes exponentially when the adsorption energy decreases towards its critical value. We observe a crossover phenomenon to an area of linear growth at energies of the order of the inverse cell radius.Comment: to appear in NPB Proc. Suppl. of LATTICE'94, 3 pages, ps-file uuencoded, 2 figures included, NO-NUM-

    Operator Product Expansion on a Fractal: The Short Chain Expansion for Polymer Networks

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    We prove to all orders of renormalized perturbative polymer field theory the existence of a short chain expansion applying to polymer solutions of long and short chains. For a general polymer network with long and short chains we show factorization of its partition sum by a short chain factor and a long chain factor in the short chain limit. This corresponds to an expansion for short distance along the fractal perimeter of the polymer chains connecting the vertices and is related to a large mass expansion of field theory. The scaling of the second virial coefficient for bimodal solutions is explained. Our method also applies to the correlations of the multifractal measure of harmonic diffusion onto an absorbing polymer. We give a result for expanding these correlations for short distance along the fractal carrier of the measure.Comment: 28 pages, revtex, 4 Postscript figures, 3 latex emlines pictures. Replacement eliminates conflict with a blob resul

    Self-Organization of Vortex Length Distribution in Quantum Turbulence: An Approach from the Barabasi-Albert Model

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    The energy spectrum of quantum turbulence obeys Kolmogorov's law. The vortex length distribution (VLD), meaning the size distribution of the vortices, in Kolmogorov quantum turbulence also obeys a power law. We propose here an innovative idea to study the origin of the power law of the VLD. The nature of quantized vortices allows one to describe the decay of quantum turbulence with a simple model that is similar to the Barabasi-Albert model of large networks. We show here that such a model can reproduce the power law of the VLD well.Comment: 4 pages including 5 figure

    Scattering functions of knotted ring polymers

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    We discuss the scattering function of a Gaussian random polygon with N nodes under a given topological constraint through simulation. We obtain the Kratky plot of a Gaussian polygon of N=200 having a fixed knot for some different knots such as the trivial, trefoil and figure-eight knots. We find that some characteristic properties of the different Kratky plots are consistent with the distinct values of the mean square radius of gyration for Gaussian polygons with the different knots.Comment: 4pages, 3figures, 3table

    Self-avoiding Tethered Membranes at the Tricritical Point

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    The scaling properties of self-avoiding tethered membranes at the tricritical point (theta-point) are studied by perturbative renormalization group methods. To treat the 3-body repulsive interaction (known to be relevant for polymers), new analytical and numerical tools are developped and applied to 1-loop calculations. These technics are a prerequisite to higher order calculations for self-avoiding membranes. The cross-over between the 3-body interaction and the modified 2-body interaction, attractive at long range, is studied through a new double epsilon-expansion. It is shown that the latter interaction is relevant for 2-dimensional membranes at the theta-point.Comment: 57 pages, gz-compressed ps-fil

    Large Orders for Self-Avoiding Membranes

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    We derive the large order behavior of the perturbative expansion for the continuous model of tethered self-avoiding membranes. It is controlled by a classical configuration for an effective potential in bulk space, which is the analog of the Lipatov instanton, solution of a highly non-local equation. The n-th order is shown to have factorial growth as (-cst)^n (n!)^(1-epsilon/D), where D is the `internal' dimension of the membrane and epsilon the engineering dimension of the coupling constant for self-avoidance. The instanton is calculated within a variational approximation, which is shown to become exact in the limit of large dimension d of bulk space. This is the starting point of a systematic 1/d expansion. As a consequence, the epsilon-expansion of self-avoiding membranes has a factorial growth, like the epsilon-expansion of polymers and standard critical phenomena, suggesting Borel summability. Consequences for the applicability of the 2-loop calculations are examined.Comment: 40 pages Latex, 32 eps-files included in the tex

    Individual Entanglements in a Simulated Polymer Melt

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    We examine entanglements using monomer contacts between pairs of chains in a Brownian-dynamics simulation of a polymer melt. A map of contact positions with respect to the contacting monomer numbers (i,j) shows clustering in small regions of (i,j) which persists in time, as expected for entanglements. Using the ``space''-time correlation function of the aforementioned contacts, we show that a pair of entangled chains exhibits a qualitatively different behavior than a pair of distant chains when brought together. Quantitatively, about 50% of the contacts between entangled chains are persistent contacts not present in independently moving chains. In addition, we account for several observed scaling properties of the contact correlation function.Comment: latex, 12 pages, 7 figures, postscript file available at http://arnold.uchicago.edu/~ebn

    Renormalization Theory for Interacting Crumpled Manifolds

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    We consider a continuous model of D-dimensional elastic (polymerized) manifold fluctuating in d-dimensional Euclidean space, interacting with a single impurity via an attractive or repulsive delta-potential (but without self-avoidance interactions). Except for D=1 (the polymer case), this model cannot be mapped onto a local field theory. We show that the use of intrinsic distance geometry allows for a rigorous construction of the high-temperature perturbative expansion and for analytic continuation in the manifold dimension D. We study the renormalization properties of the model for 0<D<2, and show that for d<d* where d*=2D/(2-D) is the upper critical dimension, the perturbative expansion is UV finite, while UV divergences occur as poles at d=d*. The standard proof of perturbative renormalizability for local field theories (the BPH theorem) does not apply to this model. We prove perturbative renormalizability to all orders by constructing a subtraction operator based on a generalization of the Zimmermann forests formalism, and which makes the theory finite at d=d*. This subtraction operation corresponds to a renormalization of the coupling constant of the model (strength of the interaction with the impurity). The existence of a Wilson function, of an epsilon-expansion around the critical dimension, of scaling laws for d<d* in the repulsive case, and of non-trivial critical exponents of the delocalization transition for d>d* in the attractive case is thus established. To our knowledge, this provides the first proof of renormalizability for a model of extended objects, and should be applicable to the study of self-avoidance interactions for random manifolds.Comment: 126 pages (+ 24 figures not included available upon request), harvmac, SPhT/92/12

    Elastic Lattice Polymers

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    We study a model of "elastic" lattice polymer in which a fixed number of monomers mm is hosted by a self-avoiding walk with fluctuating length ll. We show that the stored length density ρm=1−/m\rho_m = 1 - /m scales asymptotically for large mm as ρm=ρ∞(1−θ/m+...)\rho_m=\rho_\infty(1-\theta/m + ...), where θ\theta is the polymer entropic exponent, so that θ\theta can be determined from the analysis of ρm\rho_m. We perform simulations for elastic lattice polymer loops with various sizes and knots, in which we measure ρm\rho_m. The resulting estimates support the hypothesis that the exponent θ\theta is determined only by the number of prime knots and not by their type. However, if knots are present, we observe strong corrections to scaling, which help to understand how an entropic competition between knots is affected by the finite length of the chain.Comment: 10 page
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