19 research outputs found

    Extended Quark Potential Model from Random Phase Approximation

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    The quark potential model is extended to include the sea quark excitation using the random phase approximation (RPA). The effective quark interaction preserves the important Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) properties -- chiral symmetry and confinement simultaneously. A primary qualitive analysis shows that the π\pi meson as a well-known typical Goldstone boson and the other mesons made up of valence qqˉq\bar{q} quark pair such as the ρ\rho meson can also be described in this extended quark potential model

    HDAC is indispensable for IFN-γ-induced B7-H1 expression in gastric cancer

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    Abstract Background B7 homolog 1 (B7-H1) overexpression on tumor cells is an important mechanism of immune evasion in gastric cancer (GC). Elucidation of the regulation of B7-H1 expression is urgently required to guide B7-H1-targeted cancer therapy. Interferon gamma (IFN-γ) is thought to be the main driving force behind B7-H1 expression, and epigenetic factors including histone acetylation are recently linked to the process. Here, we investigated the potential role of histone deacetylase (HDAC) in IFN-γ-induced B7-H1 expression in GC. The effect of Vorinostat (SAHA), a small molecular inhibitor of HDAC, on tumor growth and B7-H1 expression in a mouse GC model was also evaluated. Results RNA-seq data from The Cancer Genome Atlas revealed that expression of B7-H1, HDAC1–3, 6–8, and 10 and SIRT1, 3, 5, and 6 was higher, and expression of HDAC5 and SIRT4 was lower in GC compared to that in normal gastric tissues; that HDAC3 and HDAC1 expression level significantly correlated with B7-H1 in GC with a respective r value of 0.42 (p < 0.001) and 0.21 (p < 0.001). HDAC inhibitor (Trichostatin A, SAHA, and sodium butyrate) pretreatment suppressed IFN-γ-induced B7-H1 expression on HGC-27 cells. HDAC1 and HDAC3 gene knockdown had the same effect. SAHA pretreatment or HDAC knockdown resulted in impaired IFN-γ signaling, demonstrated by the reduction of JAK2, p-JAK1, p-JAK2, and p-STAT1 expression and inefficient STAT1 nuclear translocation. Furthermore, SAHA pretreatment compromised IFN-γ-induced upregulation of histone H3 lysine 9 acetylation level in B7-H1 gene promoter. In the grafted mouse GC model, SAHA treatment suppressed tumor growth, inhibited B7-H1 expression, and elevated the percentage of tumor-infiltrating CD8+ T cells. Conclusion HDAC is indispensable for IFN-γ-induced B7-H1 in GC. The study suggests the possibility of targeting B7-H1 using small molecular HDAC inhibitors for cancer treatment

    Oxide-derived bismuth as an efficient catalyst for electrochemical reduction of flue gas

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    Post-combustion flue gas (mainly containing 5-40% CO2 balanced by N2 ) accounts for about 60% global CO2 emission. Rational conversion of flue gas into value-added chemicals is still a formidable challenge. Herein, this work reports a β-Bi2 O3 -derived bismuth (OD-Bi) catalyst with surface coordinated oxygen for efficient electroreduction of pure CO2 , N2, and flue gas. During pure CO2 electroreduction, the maximum Faradaic efficiency (FE) of formate reaches 98.0% and stays above 90% in a broad potential of 600 mV with a long-term stability of 50 h. Additionally, OD-Bi achieves an ammonia (NH3 ) FE of 18.53% and yield rate of 11.5 µg h-1 mgcat -1 in pure N2 atmosphere. Noticeably, in simulated flue gas (15% CO2 balanced by N2 with trace impurities), a maximum formate FE of 97.3% is delivered within a flow cell, meanwhile above 90% formate FEs are obtained in a wide potential range of 700 mV. In-situ Raman combined with theory calculations reveals that the surface coordinated oxygen species in OD-Bi can drastically activate CO2 and N2 molecules by selectively favors the adsorption of *OCHO and *NNH intermediates, respectively. This work provides a surface oxygen modulation strategy to develop efficient bismuth-based electrocatalysts for directly reducing commercially relevant flue gas into valuable chemicals.Ministry of Education (MOE)This research work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21908090, 22108243, 22168023, and 22272004) and the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangxi Province (No. 20212BAB213038). F. Yang acknowledges the 2020 Nanchang University Scholarship for Doctoral Visiting Abroad. Y. M. Lam acknowledges the financial support from Ministry of Education (MOE), Singapore (MOE‐T2‐1‐085, MOE‐T1‐RG98/19). J. Li acknowledges the support from the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (YWF‐22‐L‐1256)