24 research outputs found

    Larangan perdagangan sempadan China (Guangxi)-Vietnam semasa Pemberontakan Tay Son: retorik dalam laba politik

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    Menjelang abad ke-18, rakyat yang menetap di sempadan negeri China-Vietnam menyusuri laluan You Cun Ai di Provinsi Guangxi mulai menjalankan perdagangan sempadan. Namun, aktiviti perdagangan sempadan tersebut dihentikan oleh pihak berkuasa China apabila tercetusnya Pemberontakan Tay Son (1771-1802). Makalah ini mengkaji motif larangan perdagangan sempadan China (Guangxi)-Vietnam tersebut diambil dalam konteks hubungan perdagangan China-Vietnam yang telah terjalin sekian lama. Ini kerana perdagangan sempadan bukan sahaja membekalkan barangan keperluan harian tetapi larangan perdagangan sempadan tersebut telah memberikan impak yang besar kepada sosio ekonomi rakyat yang menetap di sempadan China-Vietnam. Kajian ini berpendapat bahawa Pemberontakan Tay Son hanyalah alasan untuk diuar-uarkan oleh China dalam menghalalkan penutupan perdagangan sempadan China-Vietnam sedangkan faktor tersirat adalah demi kemandiran politik China. China khuatir kekacauan di Vietnam akan mengundang kebanjiran anasir-anasir pemberontakan ke dalam negerinya

    Preserving the cultural bond towards strengthening Sino-Malaysian friendship

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    This paper is an attempt to trace the history of traditional friendship between China and Malaysia which had been established since the Han Dynasty. The ties between both countries were further strengthened in the 15th century with the establishment of diplomatic relation between the Ming Dynasty and the Malacca Sultanate. The paper also discusses the diplomatic ties between China and Malaysia which was officially reconciled in 1974 during the second Malaysia Prime Minister, Tun Abdul Razak bin Hussein’s visit to China. This bilateral relationship has continued to develop and gained significance with China’s ‘One Belt One Road’ initiative in 2013, which was inspired by China’s president, Xi Jinping. The paper describes the relationship between the two great empires (China and the Malay world), which carries a special significance in the context of the interaction of civilizations. This interaction does not only revolve around the issues of trade, investment and tourism alone but its significance is also visible in various socio-cultural issues especially the development of the Malay language in China

    The tributary relations between China’s Song Dynasty and Vietnam’s Dinh, Le and Ly Dynasties: Effects on their political sustainability

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    This article reviews the history of China-Vietnam’s relations from the time of the independence of Vietnam in 939 until the reign of the Ly dynasty (1010 – 1225). It focuses on how China and Vietnam established a relationship based on the tributary system and how far these early ties had affected the political continuity of the Chinese Song and the Vietnamese Dinh, Le and Ly dynasties. In addition, this is an attempt to analyse Vietnam’s view on China’s World Order in its relationship with China. It also illustrates that China’s “all under heaven” concept suggests a sense of unity in the Chinese world, derived from the moral conformity of its society; and how during the Song dynasty, China based itself on this moral conformity when it set out to develop a relationship with its neighbours, in this case, Vietnam

    Ryukyu-Northern Malay Archipelago relations from the 14th to the 17th century

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    The record of the trading enterprises of the Ryukyuans in the late 14th to the early 17th century constitutes not only an important chapter in the Ryukyuan history, but also a notable part of the history of the Malay Archipelago as a whole. This study will be exploratory in nature as it looks into several key questions. These include the nature of the relationship between Ryukyu and the Northern Malay Archipelago and how their relationship was developed during this particular period. To do this, the paper will first examine and reconstruct the history and historiography of the Ryukyu-Northern Malay Archipelago relations. Secondly, it will explore their maritime network during the rapid cultural development of the Ryukyu Kingdom. This study also hopes to shed new light upon the historical connection of the two regions while at the same time offer some new perspectives on their politics as well as their maritime network and bond

    The Tributary Relations between China’s Song Dynasty and Vietnam’s Dinh, Le and Ly Dynasties: Effects on Their Political Sustainability

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    This article reviews the history of China-Vietnam’s relations from the time of the independence of Vietnam in 939 until the reign of the Ly dynasty (1010 – 1225). It focuses on how China and Vietnam established a relationship based on the tributary system and how far these early ties had affected the political continuity of the Chinese Song and the Vietnamese Dinh, Le and Ly dynasties. In addition, this is an attempt to analyse Vietnam’s view on China’s World Order in its relationship with China. It also illustrates that China’s “all under heaven” concept suggests a sense of unity in the Chinese world, derived from the moral conformity of its society; and how during the Song dynasty, China based itself on this moral conformity when it set out to develop a relationship with its neighbours, in this case, Vietna

    Ryukyu-Northern Malay Archipelago Relations from the 14th to the 17th Century

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    The record of the trading enterprises of the Ryukyuans in the late 14th to the early 17th century constitutes not only an important chapter in the Ryukyuan history, but also a notable part of the history of the Malay Archipelago as a whole. This study will be exploratory in nature as it looks into several key questions. These include the nature of the relationship between Ryukyu and the Northern Malay Archipelago and how their relationship was developed during this particular period. To do this, the paper will first examine and reconstruct the history and historiography of the Ryukyu-Northern Malay Archipelago relations. Secondly, it will explore their maritime network during the rapid cultural development of the Ryukyu Kingdom. This study also hopes to shed new light upon the historical connection of the two regions while at the same time offer some new perspectives on their politics as well as their maritime network and bon

    THE ZHENG FAMILY AND THE DUTCH IN THE MALAY ARCHIPELAGO: COMPETITION AND CONFLICT IN THE 17TH CENTURY

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    This paper attempts to examine the development of the Zheng family’s trading activities in the Malay Archipelago, especially during the time of Zheng Chenggong, when the family had to compete with the Dutch in the Straits of Malacca. For this purpose, the qualitative analytical approaches are employed with reference to the primary sources of the Western and Chinese travellers during the 17th century, namely, Willem Ysbrandsz Bontekoe and George Hughes, apart from the gazettes annotated by Li Jinming and Liao Da Ke. In addition, secondary sources, such as the books, monographs, articles and journals written by some distinguished scholars in the field of international maritime research have been studied. The works of Patrizia Carioti, Leonard Blusse, Meilink-Roelofsz and Xing Hang, among others, have also been investigated for their critical views and arguments. In sum, this study aims to show that trade conflicts and competition between the Zheng family and the Dutch in the 17th century have impacted particularly the Chinese traders in the Malay Archipelago. This is because both of these powers are seen trying to assume the role which had hitherto been played by these Chinese merchants as a strong competitor in the marine trade in the east and southeast of the Malay Archipelago. In this regard, discussions on this topic would contribute to a better understanding of the big powers competing in the region to dominate the Straits of Malacca. Additionally, this study sets to prove that private trading activities in the Malay Archipelago which flourished during the 17th century was built and developed by the Zheng family from Taiwan and not merely attributed to the Chinese traders from China.Keywords: Zheng Family, trading network, Malay Archipelago, port cities, primary recordsCite as: Ku, B.D., (2018). The Zheng family and the Dutch in the Malay archipelago: Competition and conflict in the 17th century. Journal of Nusantara Studies, 3(2),54-65. http://dx.doi.org/10.24200/jonus.vol3iss2pp54-6

    Ryukyu-Northern Malay Archipelago relations from the 14th to the 17th century

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    The record of the trading enterprises of the Ryukyuans in the late 14th to the early 17th century constitutes not only an important chapter in the Ryukyuan history, but also a notable part of the history of the Malay Archipelago as a whole. This study will be exploratory in nature as it looks into several key questions. These include the nature of the relationship between Ryukyu and the Northern Malay Archipelago and how their relationship was developed during this particular period. To do this, the paper will first examine and reconstruct the history and historiography of the Ryukyu-Northern Malay Archipelago relations. Secondly, it will explore their maritime network during the rapid cultural development of the Ryukyu Kingdom. This study also hopes to shed new light upon the historical connection of the two regions while at the same time offer some new perspectives on their politics as well as their maritime network and bond

    Book Review - Through Turbulent Terrain: Trade of the Straits Port of Penang

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    The monograph, Through Turbulent Terrain: Trade of the Straits Port of Penang tells the tumultuous history of Penang’s economy which had suffered through many trials in its attempt to remain competitive and relevant against the test of time. This is thanks to the unique history of how the island developed, from 1786. Dr Loh Wei Leng and Jeffrey Seow traced Penang’s trade history with ports in the East and the West. The establishment of Penang Island was due to the fact that it was located right in between India and Canton, making it a most suitable port of call. The island went on to become British East India Company’s port for collection and distribution of goods in the Straits of Malacca

    Tay Son uprising (1771-1802) in Vietnam: mandated by heaven?

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    This article attempts to explore the extent to which the concept of ‘mandate from heaven’ was exploited by the Tay Son brothers to justify their uprising against the Nguyen family in southern Vietnam and the Trinh in the north. The Nguyen and Trinh families each claimed to be the trustee of the Le dynasty of Vietnam. This study traces the background of the Tay Son brothers who triggered the rebellion and explains the legitimacy of their uprising. It is significant to delve into this event as the Tay Son Uprising was the only one in Vietnamese history which brought down a legitimate dynasty, recognised by China. In addition to using secondary sources written by scholars from China, Vietnam and the West, primary sources on genealogy, the royal edicts from the Institute of Sino-Nom Studies and the writings of the Western travellers who had the opportunity to explore Vietnam in the 19th century were consulted
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