389 research outputs found

    Representations of the quantum doubles of finite group algebras and solutions of the Yang--Baxter equation

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    Quantum doubles of finite group algebras form a class of quasi-triangular Hopf algebras which algebraically solve the Yang--Baxter equation. Each representation of the quantum double then gives a matrix solution of the Yang--Baxter equation. Such solutions do not depend on a spectral parameter, and to date there has been little investigation into extending these solutions such that they do depend on a spectral parameter. Here we first explicitly construct the matrix elements of the generators for all irreducible representations of quantum doubles of the dihedral groups DnD_n. These results may be used to determine constant solutions of the Yang--Baxter equation. We then discuss Baxterisation ans\"atze to obtain solutions of the Yang--Baxter equation with spectral parameter and give several examples, including a new 21-vertex model. We also describe this approach in terms of minimal-dimensional representations of the quantum doubles of the alternating group A4A_4 and the symmetric group S4S_4.Comment: 19 pages, no figures, changed introduction, added reference

    Solutions to the Yang-Baxter Equation and Casimir Invariants for the Quantised Orthosymplectic Superalgebra

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    For the last fifteen years quantum superalgebras have been used to model supersymmetric quantum systems. A class of quasi-triangular Hopf superalgebras, they each contain a universal RR-matrix, which automatically satisfies the Yang--Baxter equation. Applying the vector representation to the left-hand side of a universal RR-matrix gives a Lax operator. These are of significant interest in mathematical physics as they provide solutions to the Yang--Baxter equation in an arbitrary representation, which give rise to integrable models. In this thesis a Lax operator is constructed for the quantised orthosymplectic superalgebra Uq[osp(mn)]U_q[osp(m|n)] for all m>2,n2m > 2, n \geq 2 where nn is even. This can then be used to find a solution to the Yang--Baxter equation in an arbitrary representation of Uq[osp(mn)]U_q[osp(m|n)], with the example of the vector representation given in detail. In studying the integrable models arising from solutions to the Yang--Baxter equation, it is desirable to understand the representation theory of the superalgebra. Finding the Casimir invariants of the system and exploring their behaviour helps in this understanding. In this thesis the Lax operator is used to construct an infinite family of Casimir invariants of Uq[osp(mn)]U_q[osp(m|n)] and to calculate their eigenvalues in an arbitrary irreducible representation.Comment: Approx. 120 pages, no figures, PhD thesi

    SU(3) monopoles and their fields

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    Some aspects of the fields of charge two SU(3) monopoles with minimal symmetry breaking are discussed. A certain class of solutions look like SU(2) monopoles embedded in SU(3) with a transition region or ``cloud'' surrounding the monopoles. For large cloud size the relative moduli space metric splits as a direct product AH\times R^4 where AH is the Atiyah-Hitchin metric for SU(2) monopoles and R^4 has the flat metric. Thus the cloud is parametrised by R^4 which corresponds to its radius and SO(3) orientation. We solve for the long-range fields in this region, and examine the energy density and rotational moments of inertia. The moduli space metric for these monopoles, given by Dancer, is also expressed in a more explicit form.Comment: 17 pages, 3 figures, latex, version appearing in Phys. Rev.

    Generalised Perk--Schultz models: solutions of the Yang-Baxter equation associated with quantised orthosymplectic superalgebras

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    The Perk--Schultz model may be expressed in terms of the solution of the Yang--Baxter equation associated with the fundamental representation of the untwisted affine extension of the general linear quantum superalgebra Uq[sl(mn)]U_q[sl(m|n)], with a multiparametric co-product action as given by Reshetikhin. Here we present analogous explicit expressions for solutions of the Yang-Baxter equation associated with the fundamental representations of the twisted and untwisted affine extensions of the orthosymplectic quantum superalgebras Uq[osp(mn)]U_q[osp(m|n)]. In this manner we obtain generalisations of the Perk--Schultz model.Comment: 10 pages, 2 figure

    Lax Operator for the Quantised Orthosymplectic Superalgebra U_q[osp(2|n)]

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    Each quantum superalgebra is a quasi-triangular Hopf superalgebra, so contains a \textit{universal RR-matrix} in the tensor product algebra which satisfies the Yang-Baxter equation. Applying the vector representation π\pi, which acts on the vector module VV, to one side of a universal RR-matrix gives a Lax operator. In this paper a Lax operator is constructed for the CC-type quantum superalgebras Uq[osp(2n)]U_q[osp(2|n)]. This can in turn be used to find a solution to the Yang-Baxter equation acting on VVWV \otimes V \otimes W where WW is an arbitrary Uq[osp(2n)]U_q[osp(2|n)] module. The case W=VW=V is included here as an example.Comment: 15 page

    Bethe ansatz solution of an integrable, non-Abelian anyon chain with D(D_3) symmetry

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    The exact solution for the energy spectrum of a one-dimensional Hamiltonian with local two-site interactions and periodic boundary conditions is determined. The two-site Hamiltonians commute with the symmetry algebra given by the Drinfeld double D(D_3) of the dihedral group D_3. As such the model describes local interactions between non-Abelian anyons, with fusion rules given by the tensor product decompositions of the irreducible representations of D(D_3). The Bethe ansatz equations which characterise the exact solution are found through the use of functional relations satisfied by a set of mutually commuting transfer matrices.Comment: 19 page

    Solutions of the Yang-Baxter equation: descendants of the six-vertex model from the Drinfeld doubles of dihedral group algebras

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    The representation theory of the Drinfeld doubles of dihedral groups is used to solve the Yang-Baxter equation. Use of the 2-dimensional representations recovers the six-vertex model solution. Solutions in arbitrary dimensions, which are viewed as descendants of the six-vertex model case, are then obtained using tensor product graph methods which were originally formulated for quantum algebras. Connections with the Fateev-Zamolodchikov model are discussed.Comment: 34 pages, 2 figure
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